GDP (constant 2010 US$) - Country Ranking

Definition: GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in constant 2010 U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using 2010 official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used.

Source: World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 United States 17,856,500,000,000.00 2018
2 China 10,797,200,000,000.00 2018
3 Japan 6,189,780,000,000.00 2018
4 Germany 3,937,240,000,000.00 2018
5 France 2,924,900,000,000.00 2018
6 United Kingdom 2,880,610,000,000.00 2018
7 India 2,841,580,000,000.00 2018
8 Brazil 2,309,660,000,000.00 2018
9 Italy 2,141,190,000,000.00 2018
10 Canada 1,904,520,000,000.00 2018
11 Russia 1,722,190,000,000.00 2018
12 Spain 1,539,530,000,000.00 2018
13 Australia 1,420,620,000,000.00 2018
14 Korea 1,381,860,000,000.00 2018
15 Mexico 1,312,830,000,000.00 2018
16 Turkey 1,240,470,000,000.00 2018
17 Indonesia 1,146,840,000,000.00 2018
18 Netherlands 948,101,000,000.00 2018
19 Saudi Arabia 701,624,000,000.00 2018
20 Switzerland 674,632,000,000.00 2018
21 Poland 632,697,000,000.00 2018
22 Sweden 589,824,000,000.00 2018
23 Iran 560,881,000,000.00 2017
24 Belgium 538,739,000,000.00 2018
25 Norway 489,331,000,000.00 2018
26 Nigeria 469,377,000,000.00 2018
27 Argentina 446,881,000,000.00 2018
28 Austria 442,528,000,000.00 2018
29 Thailand 441,678,000,000.00 2018
30 South Africa 429,511,000,000.00 2018
31 United Arab Emirates 392,774,000,000.00 2018
32 Malaysia 382,129,000,000.00 2018
33 Colombia 381,885,000,000.00 2018
34 Ireland 373,141,000,000.00 2018
35 Denmark 370,303,000,000.00 2018
36 Singapore 328,441,000,000.00 2018
37 Philippines 322,301,000,000.00 2018
38 Israel 308,674,000,000.00 2018
39 Hong Kong SAR, China 288,963,000,000.00 2018
40 Egypt 286,149,000,000.00 2018
41 Chile 283,375,000,000.00 2018
42 Finland 269,000,000,000.00 2018
43 Pakistan 254,200,000,000.00 2018
44 Greece 252,723,000,000.00 2018
45 Czech Republic 248,204,000,000.00 2018
46 Portugal 246,707,000,000.00 2018
47 Romania 224,575,000,000.00 2018
48 Venezuela 222,215,000,000.00 2018
49 Iraq 210,528,000,000.00 2018
50 Peru 206,445,000,000.00 2018
51 Kazakhstan 204,067,000,000.00 2018
52 Algeria 201,192,000,000.00 2018
53 Bangladesh 194,146,000,000.00 2018
54 Vietnam 187,687,000,000.00 2018
55 New Zealand 185,636,000,000.00 2018
56 Qatar 175,970,000,000.00 2018
57 Hungary 162,628,000,000.00 2018
58 Kuwait 136,995,000,000.00 2018
59 Ukraine 131,467,000,000.00 2018
60 Morocco 123,009,000,000.00 2018
61 Slovak Republic 112,204,000,000.00 2018
62 Angola 99,503,820,000.00 2018
63 Ecuador 88,583,950,000.00 2018
64 Puerto Rico 87,357,570,000.00 2018
65 Sri Lanka 85,302,880,000.00 2018
66 Myanmar 84,424,610,000.00 2018
67 Dominican Republic 81,804,980,000.00 2018
68 Uzbekistan 77,981,880,000.00 2018
69 Sudan 77,568,020,000.00 2018
70 Cuba 77,290,910,000.00 2018
71 Oman 76,290,240,000.00 2018
72 Luxembourg 67,301,210,000.00 2018
73 Croatia 64,978,950,000.00 2018
74 Belarus 63,974,170,000.00 2018
75 Ethiopia 62,291,390,000.00 2018
76 Kenya 61,781,230,000.00 2018
77 Bulgaria 60,767,160,000.00 2018
78 Azerbaijan 57,357,250,000.00 2018
79 Slovenia 55,340,220,000.00 2018
80 Guatemala 54,502,510,000.00 2018
81 Ghana 53,791,060,000.00 2018
82 Tanzania 52,444,870,000.00 2018
83 Tunisia 50,899,120,000.00 2018
84 Uruguay 50,420,000,000.00 2018
85 Libya 50,334,720,000.00 2018
86 Costa Rica 49,443,190,000.00 2018
87 Lithuania 49,398,520,000.00 2018
88 Panama 48,969,370,000.00 2018
89 Serbia 48,082,120,000.00 2018
90 Turkmenistan 44,747,370,000.00 2018
91 Lebanon 42,804,180,000.00 2018
92 Côte d'Ivoire 42,430,790,000.00 2018
93 Cameroon 37,842,100,000.00 2018
94 Paraguay 37,538,300,000.00 2018
95 Macao SAR, China 37,040,160,000.00 2018
96 Dem. Rep. Congo 35,202,560,000.00 2018
97 Bahrain 33,646,280,000.00 2018
98 Jordan 32,523,770,000.00 2018
99 Latvia 31,342,820,000.00 2018
100 Uganda 30,336,930,000.00 2018
101 Bolivia 29,058,490,000.00 2018
102 Zambia 29,018,240,000.00 2018
103 Cyprus 27,414,090,000.00 2018
104 Estonia 26,357,090,000.00 2018
105 Senegal 24,519,090,000.00 2018
106 Nepal 22,960,340,000.00 2018
107 El Salvador 22,546,150,000.00 2018
108 Honduras 21,277,780,000.00 2018
109 Trinidad and Tobago 21,071,730,000.00 2018
110 Afghanistan 20,958,740,000.00 2018
111 Papua New Guinea 20,800,890,000.00 2018
112 Bosnia and Herzegovina 20,050,760,000.00 2018
113 Cambodia 19,581,670,000.00 2018
114 Gabon 19,163,460,000.00 2018
115 Zimbabwe 19,093,350,000.00 2018
116 Yemen 19,035,570,000.00 2018
117 Iceland 18,422,330,000.00 2018
118 Botswana 18,102,920,000.00 2018
119 Georgia 17,615,180,000.00 2018
120 Mozambique 17,445,070,000.00 2018
121 Mali 14,839,780,000.00 2018
122 Namibia 14,798,550,000.00 2018
123 Albania 14,559,470,000.00 2018
124 Jamaica 14,249,490,000.00 2018
125 Burkina Faso 14,063,810,000.00 2018
126 Congo 13,906,480,000.00 2018
127 Malta 13,826,200,000.00 2018
128 Brunei 13,485,220,000.00 2018
129 Equatorial Guinea 13,423,520,000.00 2018
130 Mauritius 13,385,160,000.00 2018
131 Mongolia 13,346,710,000.00 2018
132 Armenia 13,007,610,000.00 2018
133 Madagascar 12,871,120,000.00 2018
134 Lao PDR 12,608,860,000.00 2018
135 Chad 12,588,710,000.00 2018
136 Nicaragua 12,028,690,000.00 2018
137 North Macedonia 11,236,080,000.00 2018
138 Guinea 11,133,510,000.00 2018
139 The Bahamas 10,513,010,000.00 2018
140 Benin 10,304,370,000.00 2018
141 Rwanda 10,143,180,000.00 2018
142 Tajikistan 9,765,396,000.00 2018
143 Moldova 9,462,748,000.00 2018
144 Malawi 9,375,631,000.00 2018
145 Niger 9,055,399,000.00 2018
146 Haiti 8,123,219,000.00 2018
147 Monaco 7,577,016,000.00 2018
148 Kyrgyz Republic 6,866,564,000.00 2018
149 Mauritania 5,876,055,000.00 2018
150 Eswatini 5,424,082,000.00 2018
151 Togo 5,334,395,000.00 2018
152 Montenegro 5,130,692,000.00 2018
153 Liechtenstein 5,082,366,000.00 2010
154 Cayman Islands 4,835,120,000.00 2017
155 Suriname 4,631,509,000.00 2018
156 Barbados 4,591,427,000.00 2018
157 Fiji 4,236,473,000.00 2018
158 Sierra Leone 3,617,187,000.00 2018
159 Timor-Leste 3,499,002,000.00 2018
160 Andorra 3,432,141,000.00 2018
161 Guyana 3,109,960,000.00 2018
162 Lesotho 2,976,001,000.00 2018
163 Greenland 2,762,593,000.00 2018
164 Liberia 2,608,374,000.00 2018
165 Bhutan 2,393,522,000.00 2018
166 Burundi 2,355,817,000.00 2018
167 Eritrea 2,300,794,000.00 2011
168 Cabo Verde 2,044,321,000.00 2018
169 San Marino 1,795,930,000.00 2017
170 The Gambia 1,793,011,000.00 2018
171 Central African Republic 1,768,535,000.00 2018
172 Belize 1,627,668,000.00 2018
173 St. Lucia 1,543,378,000.00 2018
174 Antigua and Barbuda 1,457,277,000.00 2018
175 Seychelles 1,391,951,000.00 2018
176 Comoros 1,166,393,000.00 2018
177 Guinea-Bissau 1,165,970,000.00 2018
178 Grenada 1,013,822,000.00 2018
179 Solomon Islands 967,931,600.00 2018
180 St. Kitts and Nevis 888,490,400.00 2018
181 Vanuatu 841,581,000.00 2018
182 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 755,225,800.00 2018
183 Samoa 735,260,800.00 2018
184 Dominica 479,482,600.00 2018
185 Tonga 418,457,700.00 2018
186 São Tomé and Principe 273,779,000.00 2018
187 Palau 219,543,800.00 2018
188 Kiribati 204,157,800.00 2018
189 Nauru 138,601,900.00 2018
190 Tuvalu 41,843,720.00 2018

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Development Relevance: An economy's growth is measured by the change in the volume of its output or in the real incomes of its residents. The 2008 United Nations System of National Accounts (2008 SNA) offers three plausible indicators for calculating growth: the volume of gross domestic product (GDP), real gross domestic income, and real gross national income. The volume of GDP is the sum of value added, measured at constant prices, by households, government, and industries operating in the economy. GDP accounts for all domestic production, regardless of whether the income accrues to domestic or foreign institutions.

Limitations and Exceptions: Each industry's contribution to growth in the economy's output is measured by growth in the industry's value added. In principle, value added in constant prices can be estimated by measuring the quantity of goods and services produced in a period, valuing them at an agreed set of base year prices, and subtracting the cost of intermediate inputs, also in constant prices. This double-deflation method requires detailed information on the structure of prices of inputs and outputs. In many industries, however, value added is extrapolated from the base year using single volume indexes of outputs or, less commonly, inputs. Particularly in the services industries, including most of government, value added in constant prices is often imputed from labor inputs, such as real wages or number of employees. In the absence of well defined measures of output, measuring the growth of services remains difficult. Moreover, technical progress can lead to improvements in production processes and in the quality of goods and services that, if not properly accounted for, can distort measures of value added and thus of growth. When inputs are used to estimate output, as for nonmarket services, unmeasured technical progress leads to underestimates of the volume of output. Similarly, unmeasured improvements in quality lead to underestimates of the value of output and value added. The result can be underestimates of growth and productivity improvement and overestimates of inflation. Informal economic activities pose a particular measurement problem, especially in developing countries, where much economic activity is unrecorded. A complete picture of the economy requires estimating household outputs produced for home use, sales in informal markets, barter exchanges, and illicit or deliberately unreported activities. The consistency and completeness of such estimates depend on the skill and methods of the compiling statisticians. Rebasing of national accounts can alter the measured growth rate of an economy and lead to breaks in series that affect the consistency of data over time. When countries rebase their national accounts, they update the weights assigned to various components to better reflect current patterns of production or uses of output. The new base year should represent normal operation of the economy - it should be a year without major shocks or distortions. Some developing countries have not rebased their national accounts for many years. Using an old base year can be misleading because implicit price and volume weights become progressively less relevant and useful. To obtain comparable series of constant price data for computing aggregates, the World Bank rescales GDP and value added by industrial origin to a common reference year. Because rescaling changes the implicit weights used in forming regional and income group aggregates, aggregate growth rates are not comparable with those from earlier editions with different base years. Rescaling may result in a discrepancy between the rescaled GDP and the sum of the rescaled components. To avoid distortions in the growth rates, the discrepancy is left unallocated. As a result, the weighted average of the growth rates of the components generally does not equal the GDP growth rate.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross domestic product (GDP) represents the sum of value added by all its producers. Value added is the value of the gross output of producers less the value of intermediate goods and services consumed in production, before accounting for consumption of fixed capital in production. The United Nations System of National Accounts calls for value added to be valued at either basic prices (excluding net taxes on products) or producer prices (including net taxes on products paid by producers but excluding sales or value added taxes). Both valuations exclude transport charges that are invoiced separately by producers. Total GDP is measured at purchaser prices. Value added by industry is normally measured at basic prices. When value added is measured at producer prices. Growth rates of GDP and its components are calculated using the least squares method and constant price data in the local currency. Constant price U.S. dollar series are used to calculate regional and income group growth rates. Local currency series are converted to constant U.S. dollars using an exchange rate in the common reference year.

Aggregation method: Gap-filled total

Base Period: 2010

Periodicity: Annual