Adjusted net national income (constant 2010 US$) - Country Ranking

Definition: Adjusted net national income is GNI minus consumption of fixed capital and natural resources depletion.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on sources and methods described in "The Changing Wealth of Nations 2018: Building a Sustainable Future" (Lange et al 2018).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 United States 15,129,200,000,000.00 2017
2 China 7,588,840,000,000.00 2017
3 Japan 4,983,900,000,000.00 2017
4 Germany 3,339,790,000,000.00 2017
5 France 2,448,670,000,000.00 2017
6 United Kingdom 2,436,310,000,000.00 2017
7 India 2,245,490,000,000.00 2017
8 Brazil 1,946,120,000,000.00 2017
9 Italy 1,761,940,000,000.00 2017
10 Canada 1,506,930,000,000.00 2017
11 Russia 1,286,540,000,000.00 2017
12 Spain 1,230,920,000,000.00 2017
13 Korea 1,117,170,000,000.00 2017
14 Australia 1,050,590,000,000.00 2017
15 Mexico 981,206,000,000.00 2017
16 Turkey 971,794,000,000.00 2017
17 Indonesia 809,951,000,000.00 2017
18 Netherlands 771,070,000,000.00 2017
19 Poland 513,784,000,000.00 2017
20 Switzerland 509,961,000,000.00 2017
21 Sweden 482,757,000,000.00 2017
22 Saudi Arabia 474,353,000,000.00 2017
23 Belgium 430,236,000,000.00 2017
24 Argentina 401,261,000,000.00 2017
25 Norway 377,881,000,000.00 2017
26 South Africa 351,251,000,000.00 2017
27 Austria 350,331,000,000.00 2017
28 Iran 348,762,000,000.00 2017
29 Philippines 336,003,000,000.00 2017
30 United Arab Emirates 332,091,000,000.00 2017
31 Thailand 322,906,000,000.00 2017
32 Denmark 306,593,000,000.00 2017
33 Colombia 303,256,000,000.00 2017
34 Venezuela 303,230,000,000.00 2014
35 Nigeria 293,438,000,000.00 2017
36 Malaysia 275,372,000,000.00 2017
37 Israel 269,043,000,000.00 2017
38 Singapore 250,207,000,000.00 2017
39 Egypt 243,591,000,000.00 2017
40 Pakistan 242,681,000,000.00 2017
41 Finland 219,044,000,000.00 2017
42 Greece 210,031,000,000.00 2017
43 Chile 202,372,000,000.00 2017
44 Ireland 199,299,000,000.00 2017
45 Portugal 197,101,000,000.00 2017
46 Czech Republic 178,366,000,000.00 2017
47 Romania 172,714,000,000.00 2017
48 Bangladesh 168,172,000,000.00 2017
49 Peru 159,564,000,000.00 2017
50 New Zealand 154,622,000,000.00 2017
51 Vietnam 153,563,000,000.00 2017
52 Algeria 151,128,000,000.00 2017
53 Kazakhstan 141,062,000,000.00 2017
54 Ukraine 125,962,000,000.00 2017
55 Hungary 120,021,000,000.00 2017
56 Qatar 116,549,000,000.00 2017
57 Iraq 110,689,000,000.00 2010
58 Morocco 104,281,000,000.00 2017
59 Kuwait 102,040,000,000.00 2017
60 Slovak Republic 81,493,330,000.00 2017
61 Sri Lanka 77,822,010,000.00 2017
62 Ecuador 70,607,540,000.00 2017
63 Myanmar 69,834,460,000.00 2017
64 Dominican Republic 65,399,150,000.00 2017
65 Cuba 63,723,020,000.00 2015
66 Belarus 59,794,580,000.00 2017
67 Libya 54,019,770,000.00 2010
68 Bulgaria 52,542,300,000.00 2017
69 Croatia 51,381,530,000.00 2017
70 Kenya 49,624,210,000.00 2017
71 Angola 49,224,110,000.00 2017
72 Guatemala 47,055,650,000.00 2017
73 Tanzania 44,943,720,000.00 2017
74 Costa Rica 43,323,740,000.00 2017
75 Uruguay 43,164,370,000.00 2017
76 Slovenia 41,947,080,000.00 2017
77 Azerbaijan 41,637,960,000.00 2012
78 Panama 40,391,630,000.00 2017
79 Oman 39,986,780,000.00 2017
80 Tunisia 39,224,140,000.00 2013
81 Luxembourg 38,351,360,000.00 2017
82 Lebanon 38,178,740,000.00 2017
83 Côte d'Ivoire 34,174,780,000.00 2016
84 Uzbekistan 33,637,790,000.00 2010
85 Serbia 33,562,460,000.00 2017
86 Ghana 32,715,210,000.00 2017
87 Cameroon 30,532,580,000.00 2017
88 Paraguay 30,321,920,000.00 2017
89 Jordan 27,657,660,000.00 2017
90 Bahrain 26,401,520,000.00 2017
91 Dem. Rep. Congo 26,156,760,000.00 2017
92 Latvia 24,387,300,000.00 2017
93 Yemen 23,292,190,000.00 2010
94 Ethiopia 22,705,550,000.00 2010
95 Cyprus 21,663,770,000.00 2017
96 Nepal 21,483,950,000.00 2017
97 Estonia 21,385,470,000.00 2017
98 Bolivia 20,345,510,000.00 2017
99 Senegal 20,217,180,000.00 2017
100 Uganda 19,123,220,000.00 2017
101 El Salvador 18,546,980,000.00 2017
102 Honduras 18,185,360,000.00 2017
103 Bosnia and Herzegovina 17,093,020,000.00 2017
104 Trinidad and Tobago 16,169,580,000.00 2010
105 Cambodia 15,563,380,000.00 2017
106 Turkmenistan 15,410,670,000.00 2010
107 Mali 14,933,220,000.00 2017
108 Namibia 14,267,290,000.00 2017
109 Botswana 14,030,290,000.00 2017
110 Afghanistan 13,930,450,000.00 2010
111 Georgia 13,904,770,000.00 2017
112 Zimbabwe 13,776,540,000.00 2017
113 Zambia 13,594,180,000.00 2010
114 Mozambique 12,957,730,000.00 2017
115 Gabon 12,786,140,000.00 2017
116 Jamaica 12,382,400,000.00 2017
117 Albania 12,144,710,000.00 2017
118 Nicaragua 11,183,870,000.00 2017
119 Brunei 10,886,910,000.00 2017
120 Mauritius 10,660,430,000.00 2017
121 Madagascar 10,028,760,000.00 2017
122 Burkina Faso 9,861,510,000.00 2017
123 Papua New Guinea 9,516,776,000.00 2010
124 The Bahamas 9,437,569,000.00 2017
125 North Macedonia 9,238,282,000.00 2017
126 Armenia 9,222,962,000.00 2017
127 Lao PDR 9,025,723,000.00 2016
128 Guinea 8,859,581,000.00 2017
129 Moldova 8,060,893,000.00 2017
130 Rwanda 7,962,300,000.00 2017
131 Chad 7,769,080,000.00 2017
132 Benin 7,759,308,000.00 2017
133 Malawi 7,652,677,000.00 2017
134 Mongolia 7,507,643,000.00 2017
135 Haiti 7,035,492,000.00 2017
136 Niger 6,928,165,000.00 2017
137 Tajikistan 6,614,298,000.00 2013
138 Equatorial Guinea 5,781,043,000.00 2017
139 Kyrgyz Republic 5,470,999,000.00 2017
140 Eswatini 4,655,502,000.00 2017
141 Montenegro 4,589,563,000.00 2017
142 Togo 4,402,029,000.00 2017
143 Barbados 3,925,214,000.00 2010
144 Congo 3,918,952,000.00 2017
145 Lesotho 3,081,105,000.00 2017
146 Mauritania 3,065,915,000.00 2017
147 Sierra Leone 2,964,572,000.00 2017
148 Suriname 2,959,403,000.00 2010
149 Fiji 2,770,146,000.00 2010
150 Guyana 2,529,777,000.00 2017
151 Burundi 1,873,110,000.00 2017
152 Bhutan 1,849,855,000.00 2017
153 Eritrea 1,503,758,000.00 2011
154 Cabo Verde 1,442,634,000.00 2017
155 The Gambia 1,352,052,000.00 2017
156 Timor-Leste 1,325,180,000.00 2017
157 Belize 1,291,861,000.00 2017
158 Liberia 1,276,102,000.00 2017
159 Comoros 1,168,883,000.00 2017
160 St. Lucia 1,154,422,000.00 2010
161 Guinea-Bissau 1,112,123,000.00 2017
162 Central African Republic 999,371,100.00 2017
163 Seychelles 821,279,000.00 2010
164 Vanuatu 730,820,600.00 2014
165 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 579,750,800.00 2010
166 Samoa 545,035,800.00 2010
167 Dominica 427,011,900.00 2010
168 Tonga 347,995,600.00 2010
169 Solomon Islands 323,550,400.00 2010
170 Kiribati 213,822,500.00 2010
171 São Tomé and Principe 154,367,800.00 2010

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Development Relevance: Adjusted net national income is particularly useful in monitoring low-income, resource-rich economies, like many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, because such economies often see large natural resources depletion as well as substantial exports of resource rents to foreign mining companies. For recent years adjusted net national income gives a picture of economic growth that is strikingly different from the one provided by GDP. The key to increasing future consumption and thus the standard of living lies in increasing national wealth - including not only the traditional measures of capital (such as produced and human capital), but also natural capital. Natural capital comprises such assets as land, forests, and subsoil resources. All three types of capital are key to sustaining economic growth. By accounting for the consumption of fixed and natural capital depletion, adjusted net national income better measures the income available for consumption or for investment to increase a country's future consumption.

Limitations and Exceptions: Adjusted net national income differs from the adjustments made in the calculation of adjusted net savings, by not accounting for investments in human capital or the damages from pollution. Thus, adjusted net national income remains within the boundaries of the United Nations System of National Accounts (SNA). The SNA includes non-produced natural assets (such as land, mineral resources, and forests) within the asset boundary when they are under the effective control of institutional units. The calculation of adjusted net national income, which accounts for net forest, energy, and mineral depletion, as well as consumption of fixed capital, thus remains within the SNA boundaries. This point is critical because it allows for comparisons across GDP, GNI, and adjusted net national income; such comparisons reveal the impact of natural resource depletion, which is otherwise ignored by the popular economic indicators.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Adjusted net national income complements gross national income (GNI) in assessing economic progress (Hamilton and Ley 2010) by providing a broader measure of national income that accounts for the depletion of natural resources. Adjusted net national income is calculated by subtracting from GNI a charge for the consumption of fixed capital (a calculation that yields net national income) and for the depletion of natural resources. The deduction for the depletion of natural resources, which covers net forest depletion, energy depletion, and mineral depletion, reflects the decline in asset values associated with the extraction and harvesting of natural resources. This is analogous to depreciation of fixed assets. Growth rates of adjusted net national income are computed from constant price series deflated using the gross national expenditure (formerly domestic absorption) deflator.

Aggregation method: Gap-filled total

Base Period: 2010

Periodicity: Annual