Adjusted savings: natural resources depletion (% of GNI) - Country Ranking

Definition: Natural resource depletion is the sum of net forest depletion, energy depletion, and mineral depletion. Net forest depletion is unit resource rents times the excess of roundwood harvest over natural growth. Energy depletion is the ratio of the value of the stock of energy resources to the remaining reserve lifetime. It covers coal, crude oil, and natural gas. Mineral depletion is the ratio of the value of the stock of mineral resources to the remaining reserve lifetime). It covers tin, gold, lead, zinc, iron, copper, nickel, silver, bauxite, and phosphate.

Source: World Bank staff estimates based on sources and methods described in "The Changing Wealth of Nations 2018: Building a Sustainable Future" (Lange et al 2018).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Congo 31.39 2017
2 Timor-Leste 29.67 2017
3 Suriname 28.12 2017
4 Dem. Rep. Congo 23.19 2017
5 Equatorial Guinea 22.90 2017
6 Mongolia 22.75 2017
7 Solomon Islands 20.94 2017
8 Liberia 19.16 2017
9 Oman 18.10 2017
10 Turkmenistan 16.90 2011
11 Syrian Arab Republic 15.72 2007
12 Burundi 15.68 2017
13 Eritrea 15.06 2011
14 Burkina Faso 15.04 2017
15 Uganda 14.06 2017
16 Papua New Guinea 13.97 2017
17 Azerbaijan 13.41 2017
18 Togo 13.38 2017
19 Guyana 13.29 2017
20 Chad 13.07 2017
21 Guinea 13.04 2017
22 Sierra Leone 12.92 2017
23 Angola 12.79 2017
24 Mauritania 12.39 2017
25 Niger 11.87 2017
26 Ghana 11.43 2017
27 Guinea-Bissau 11.42 2017
28 Iraq 10.94 2017
29 Brunei 10.94 2017
30 Gabon 10.50 2017
31 Mali 9.49 2017
32 Uzbekistan 9.40 2017
33 Ethiopia 9.39 2017
34 Algeria 9.29 2017
35 Somalia 8.91 2017
36 Kazakhstan 8.73 2017
37 Zambia 8.30 2017
38 Malawi 8.17 2017
39 Kuwait 8.15 2017
40 Saudi Arabia 7.86 2017
41 Qatar 7.36 2017
42 Trinidad and Tobago 6.85 2017
43 Libya 6.74 2017
44 Chile 6.48 2017
45 Lao PDR 6.32 2017
46 Kyrgyz Republic 6.31 2017
47 Russia 5.82 2017
48 Bolivia 5.75 2017
49 The Gambia 5.68 2017
50 Peru 5.54 2017
51 Rwanda 5.41 2017
52 Lesotho 5.14 2017
53 Iran 4.57 2017
54 Nigeria 4.44 2017
55 Norway 4.42 2017
56 Egypt 4.04 2017
57 United Arab Emirates 4.01 2017
58 Tajikistan 3.46 2017
59 Colombia 3.41 2017
60 New Caledonia 3.25 2000
61 Bahrain 3.21 2017
62 Zimbabwe 3.08 2017
63 Malaysia 3.07 2017
64 Australia 3.03 2017
65 Armenia 2.94 2017
66 Nicaragua 2.88 2017
67 Ecuador 2.86 2017
68 Sudan 2.83 2017
69 Myanmar 2.69 2017
70 South Africa 2.68 2017
71 Bhutan 2.66 2017
72 Namibia 2.56 2017
73 Cameroon 2.46 2017
74 Kenya 2.45 2017
75 Mexico 2.23 2017
76 Côte d'Ivoire 2.22 2016
77 Tanzania 2.19 2017
78 Indonesia 1.93 2017
79 Brazil 1.86 2017
80 Benin 1.82 2017
81 Comoros 1.76 2017
82 Guatemala 1.71 2017
83 Eswatini 1.70 2017
84 Honduras 1.65 2017
85 Dominican Republic 1.58 2017
86 Thailand 1.58 2017
87 Tunisia 1.57 2017
88 Paraguay 1.56 2017
89 Mozambique 1.33 2017
90 Uruguay 1.18 2017
91 North Macedonia 1.17 2017
92 Haiti 1.17 2017
93 Albania 1.06 2017
94 Senegal 1.05 2017
95 Argentina 1.03 2017
96 Venezuela 1.02 2014
97 India 1.00 2017
98 Vietnam 0.99 2017
99 Cambodia 0.97 2017
100 Ukraine 0.96 2017
101 El Salvador 0.96 2017
102 China 0.90 2017
103 Nepal 0.88 2017
104 Madagascar 0.84 2017
105 Pakistan 0.81 2017
106 Fiji 0.76 2017
107 Canada 0.73 2017
108 Philippines 0.71 2017
109 Georgia 0.71 2017
110 Bulgaria 0.68 2017
111 Djibouti 0.67 2017
112 Belarus 0.62 2017
113 Bangladesh 0.55 2017
114 Montenegro 0.52 2017
115 New Zealand 0.52 2017
116 Romania 0.52 2017
117 Cuba 0.50 2015
118 Cabo Verde 0.47 2017
119 Belize 0.46 2017
120 Botswana 0.46 2017
121 Serbia 0.45 2017
122 Denmark 0.44 2017
123 United Kingdom 0.40 2017
124 Poland 0.37 2017
125 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.36 2017
126 Morocco 0.34 2017
127 Croatia 0.33 2017
128 Costa Rica 0.32 2017
129 Afghanistan 0.32 2017
130 Jamaica 0.28 2017
131 Netherlands 0.27 2017
132 Yemen 0.22 2017
133 Estonia 0.21 2017
134 United States 0.21 2017
135 Moldova 0.18 2017
136 Hungary 0.18 2017
137 Turkey 0.17 2017
138 Sweden 0.15 2017
139 Ireland 0.15 2017
140 Jordan 0.14 2017
141 Finland 0.13 2017
142 Portugal 0.12 2017
143 Sri Lanka 0.09 2017
144 Panama 0.08 2017
145 Israel 0.08 2017
146 Central African Republic 0.07 2017
147 Czech Republic 0.06 2017
148 Austria 0.05 2017
149 Greece 0.05 2017
150 Italy 0.04 2017
151 Lithuania 0.04 2009
152 Barbados 0.04 2017
153 Slovak Republic 0.04 2017
154 Spain 0.04 2017
155 Germany 0.03 2017
156 Tonga 0.01 2017
157 Japan 0.01 2017
158 Slovenia 0.01 2017
159 Cyprus 0.01 2017
160 Korea 0.01 2017
161 France 0.00 2017
162 Hong Kong SAR, China 0.00 1980
163 Switzerland 0.00 2017
164 Belgium 0.00 2017
165 Kiribati 0.00 2017
165 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.00 2017
165 Vanuatu 0.00 2017
165 The Bahamas 0.00 2017
165 Singapore 0.00 2017
165 Lebanon 0.00 2017
165 Samoa 0.00 2017
165 Iceland 0.00 2017
165 Latvia 0.00 2017
165 Luxembourg 0.00 2017
165 Dominica 0.00 2017
165 St. Lucia 0.00 2017
165 Mauritius 0.00 2017
165 São Tomé and Principe 0.00 2017
165 Seychelles 0.00 2017

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Development Relevance: Natural resources depletion is a critical component in the calculation of adjusted net national income. Adjusted net national income is calculated by subtracting from GNI a charge for the consumption of fixed capital (a calculation that yields net national income) and for the depletion of natural resources. The deduction for the depletion of natural resources, which covers net forest depletion, energy depletion, and mineral depletion, reflects the decline in asset values associated with the extraction and harvest of natural resources - this is analogous to depreciation of fixed assets.

Limitations and Exceptions: Net forest depletion is not the monetary value of deforestation. Roundwood and fuelwood production are different from deforestation, which represents a permanent change in land use and, thus, is not comparable. Areas logged out but intended for regeneration are not included in deforestation figures; rather, they are counted as producing timber depletion. Net forest depletion includes only timber values and does not include the loss of nontimber forest benefits and nonuse benefits. For both energy and mineral depletion, unit resource rent is calculated as (unit price - average cost). Marginal cost should be used instead of average cost in order to calculate the true opportunity cost of extraction; however, marginal cost is difficult to compute and data are not readily available. Unit prices refer to international or regional price rather than local prices. This differs from methodologies of national accounts, which may use local prices to measure energy or mineral GDP. This difference explains eventual discrepancies in the values for energy or mineral depletion, verses energy or mineral GDP.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Natural resources depletion is the sum of net forest depletion, energy depletion, and mineral depletion: Net forest depletion is the product of unit resource rents and the excess of roundwood harvest over natural growth. In a country where incremental growth exceeds wood extraction, net forest depletion would be zero, no matter the absolute volume or value of wood extracted. Energy depletion is the ratio of the present value of energy resource rents, discounted at 4 percent, to the exhaustion time of the resource. Rent is calculated as the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of energy resources extracted. It covers hard and soft coal, crude oil, and natural gas. Mineral depletion is the ratio of the present value of mineral resource rents, discounted at 4 percent, to the exhaustion time of the resource. Rent is calculated as the product of unit resource rents and the physical quantities of mineral extracted. It covers tin, gold, lead, zinc, iron, copper, nickel, silver, bauxite, and phosphate.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual