Adjusted savings: particulate emission damage (% of GNI) - Country Ranking

Definition: Particulate emissions damage is the damage due to exposure of a country's population to ambient concentrations of particulates measuring less than 2.5 microns in diameter (PM2.5), ambient ozone pollution, and indoor concentrations of PM2.5 in households cooking with solid fuels. Damages are calculated as foregone labor income due to premature death. Estimates of health impacts from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 are for 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2015. Data for other years have been extrapolated from trends in mortality rates.

Source: Data on health impacts from exposure to ambient PM2.5 pollution and household air pollution are from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study. Data are provided by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington, Seattle.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Afghanistan 4.50 2015
2 Chad 3.75 2015
3 Djibouti 2.70 2005
4 Guinea-Bissau 2.61 2015
5 Niger 2.49 2015
6 Dem. Rep. Congo 2.48 2015
7 Sudan 2.43 2015
8 The Gambia 2.31 2014
9 Sierra Leone 2.16 2015
10 Togo 2.14 2015
11 Malawi 1.98 2015
12 Mali 1.98 2015
13 Eritrea 1.95 2011
14 Equatorial Guinea 1.92 2015
15 Liberia 1.91 2015
16 Burundi 1.90 2015
17 Madagascar 1.84 2015
18 Benin 1.83 2015
19 Mauritania 1.75 2014
20 Burkina Faso 1.75 2015
21 Swaziland 1.72 2015
22 Haiti 1.71 2015
23 Uganda 1.69 2015
24 Rwanda 1.69 2015
25 Comoros 1.64 2015
26 Zambia 1.61 2015
27 São Tomé and Principe 1.59 2015
28 Côte d'Ivoire 1.56 2015
29 Lesotho 1.53 2015
30 Pakistan 1.48 2015
31 Nigeria 1.48 2015
32 Guinea 1.45 2015
33 Cameroon 1.42 2015
34 Solomon Islands 1.40 2015
35 Vanuatu 1.36 2014
36 Congo 1.25 2015
37 Bangladesh 1.19 2015
38 Nepal 1.19 2015
39 Angola 1.18 2015
40 India 1.18 2015
41 Ghana 1.12 2015
42 Bhutan 1.08 2015
43 Central African Republic 0.99 2015
44 Mozambique 0.96 2015
45 Tanzania 0.96 2015
46 Senegal 0.91 2015
47 Lao PDR 0.90 2015
48 Zimbabwe 0.87 2015
49 Namibia 0.85 2015
50 Libya 0.84 2011
51 Ethiopia 0.83 2015
52 Myanmar 0.81 2015
53 Kenya 0.75 2015
54 Papua New Guinea 0.74 2014
55 Cambodia 0.70 2015
56 Georgia 0.66 2015
57 Honduras 0.66 2015
58 Timor-Leste 0.60 2015
59 Egypt 0.59 2015
60 Guatemala 0.58 2015
61 Sri Lanka 0.58 2015
62 Uzbekistan 0.56 2015
63 Turkmenistan 0.51 2015
64 Mongolia 0.51 2015
65 Cabo Verde 0.51 2015
66 Kyrgyz Republic 0.50 2015
67 Armenia 0.49 2015
68 Iraq 0.48 2015
69 Indonesia 0.46 2015
70 Philippines 0.44 2015
71 Ukraine 0.43 2015
72 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.43 2015
73 South Africa 0.43 2015
74 Samoa 0.41 2015
75 China 0.41 2015
76 Tajikistan 0.41 2015
77 Fiji 0.39 2015
78 Russia 0.38 2015
79 Serbia 0.38 2015
80 Gabon 0.37 2015
81 Macedonia 0.36 2015
82 El Salvador 0.36 2015
83 Botswana 0.35 2015
84 Dominican Republic 0.33 2015
85 Guyana 0.33 2015
86 Paraguay 0.32 2015
87 Tonga 0.31 2015
88 Belize 0.30 2015
89 Nicaragua 0.29 2015
90 Belarus 0.29 2015
91 Bulgaria 0.29 2015
92 Romania 0.28 2015
93 Kazakhstan 0.27 2015
94 Vietnam 0.27 2015
95 Latvia 0.27 2015
96 United Arab Emirates 0.27 2015
97 Moldova 0.26 2015
98 Tunisia 0.25 2015
99 Montenegro 0.25 2015
100 Thailand 0.25 2015
101 Malaysia 0.23 2015
102 Jamaica 0.23 2015
103 Morocco 0.23 2015
104 Albania 0.23 2015
105 Iran 0.23 2014
106 Lebanon 0.23 2015
107 Lithuania 0.20 2015
108 Colombia 0.20 2015
109 Suriname 0.19 2015
110 Hungary 0.19 2015
111 Poland 0.18 2015
112 Brazil 0.18 2015
113 Azerbaijan 0.17 2015
114 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.17 2015
115 Jordan 0.17 2015
116 Venezuela 0.17 2013
117 Croatia 0.17 2015
118 Turkey 0.16 2015
119 St. Lucia 0.16 2015
120 Peru 0.15 2015
121 Barbados 0.15 2015
122 Saudi Arabia 0.15 2015
123 Mauritius 0.15 2015
124 Ecuador 0.14 2015
125 Mexico 0.13 2015
126 The Bahamas 0.13 2015
127 Cuba 0.12 2013
128 Slovak Republic 0.12 2015
129 Estonia 0.12 2015
130 Algeria 0.12 2015
131 Costa Rica 0.11 2015
132 Korea 0.11 2015
133 Argentina 0.11 2015
134 Czech Republic 0.11 2015
135 United States 0.11 2015
136 Panama 0.11 2015
137 Greece 0.10 2015
138 Chile 0.10 2015
139 Oman 0.10 2015
140 Japan 0.10 2015
141 Trinidad and Tobago 0.10 2015
142 Uruguay 0.09 2015
143 Kuwait 0.09 2015
144 Slovenia 0.09 2015
145 Bahrain 0.09 2015
146 Germany 0.08 2015
147 Netherlands 0.08 2015
148 United Kingdom 0.08 2015
149 Italy 0.07 2015
150 Portugal 0.07 2015
151 Singapore 0.07 2015
152 Israel 0.07 2015
153 Belgium 0.07 2015
154 Malta 0.07 2015
155 Luxembourg 0.06 2015
156 Denmark 0.06 2015
157 Austria 0.06 2015
158 Cyprus 0.06 2015
159 Switzerland 0.06 2015
160 Ireland 0.05 2015
161 Iceland 0.05 2015
162 Spain 0.05 2015
163 Canada 0.05 2015
164 France 0.05 2015
165 Finland 0.04 2015
166 Qatar 0.04 2015
167 Norway 0.04 2015
168 New Zealand 0.04 2015
169 Brunei 0.03 2015
170 Australia 0.03 2015
171 Sweden 0.03 2015

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Development Relevance: Air pollution places a major burden on world health. In many places, including cities but also nearby rural areas, exposure to air pollution exposure is the main environmental threat to health. Long-term exposure to high levels of fine particulates in the air contributes to a range of health effects, including respiratory diseases, lung cancer, and heart disease, resulting in 3.2 million deaths annually according to the Global Burden of Disease 2010 study. Not only does exposure to air pollution affect the health of the world’s people, it also carries huge economic costs and represents a drag on development, particularly for low and middle income countries and vulnerable segments of the population such as children and the elderly.

Limitations and Exceptions: Labor productivity losses, as calculated within the framework of adjusted net savings, represent only part of the economic costs of air pollution and should be interpreted as a lower-end estimate.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Within the national accounting framework, air pollution damages are estimated following a human capital approach. Damages from premature mortality are calculated as the present value of lost income during working age, 15-64. Premature mortality among children is valued by adjusting for years until working age and discounting more heavily into the future. Damages from morbidity (years lived with disability) are estimated for adults in working age only without discounting into the future. Estimates are for both urban and rural areas. Exposure to household air pollution is proxied by the number of households in each country cooking with solid fuels.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual