Services, value added per worker (constant 2010 US$) - Country Ranking

Definition: Value added per worker is a measure of labor productivity—value added per unit of input. Value added denotes the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. Data are in constant 2010 U.S. dollars. Services corresponds to the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) tabulation categories G-P (revision 3) or tabulation categories G-U (revision 4), and includes wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social and personal services.

Source: Derived using World Bank national accounts data and OECD National Accounts data files, and employment data from International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Luxembourg 209,373.20 2018
2 Switzerland 130,791.70 2018
3 Norway 126,745.80 2018
4 Macao SAR, China 119,496.90 2018
5 Ireland 118,619.10 2018
6 Denmark 106,516.40 2018
7 United States 106,063.80 2017
8 Belgium 100,655.50 2018
9 France 99,723.37 2018
10 Australia 97,608.14 2018
11 Sweden 94,681.22 2018
12 Netherlands 91,512.64 2018
13 Italy 89,630.63 2018
14 Japan 88,333.04 2017
15 Austria 86,880.64 2018
16 Finland 85,465.68 2018
17 Singapore 84,743.11 2018
18 Canada 83,329.80 2018
19 Germany 80,848.94 2018
20 United Kingdom 78,761.10 2018
21 Hong Kong SAR, China 77,086.34 2018
22 Spain 71,842.45 2018
23 Israel 67,157.86 2018
24 Greece 63,015.43 2018
25 Iceland 62,538.84 2016
26 New Zealand 62,315.85 2017
27 Slovenia 55,545.43 2018
28 The Bahamas 54,784.95 2018
29 Puerto Rico 53,475.42 2010
30 Malta 49,946.99 2010
31 Portugal 49,058.57 2018
32 Czech Republic 44,855.18 2018
33 Cyprus 44,443.05 2018
34 Turkey 42,886.34 2018
35 United Arab Emirates 40,229.16 2018
36 Slovak Republic 39,048.74 2018
37 Korea 38,189.30 2018
38 Kuwait 37,999.75 2018
39 Croatia 35,525.73 2018
40 Poland 34,908.59 2018
41 Estonia 34,422.14 2018
42 Bahrain 33,002.45 2018
43 Hungary 32,842.66 2018
44 Barbados 32,502.75 2016
45 Lithuania 32,421.95 2018
46 Romania 32,063.65 2018
47 Brunei 31,900.44 2018
48 Latvia 30,750.92 2018
49 Saudi Arabia 29,848.24 2018
50 Uruguay 26,968.12 2018
51 Equatorial Guinea 26,631.21 2018
52 Chile 26,422.97 2018
53 Mexico 25,025.42 2018
54 Gabon 24,664.95 2018
55 Mauritius 24,399.71 2018
56 Panama 24,312.19 2017
57 Trinidad and Tobago 24,215.55 2018
58 Iran 24,067.63 2017
59 South Africa 22,890.33 2018
60 Venezuela 22,183.30 2014
61 Malaysia 21,977.14 2018
62 Botswana 21,899.80 2018
63 Costa Rica 21,718.13 2018
64 Oman 21,557.73 2018
65 Lebanon 21,479.80 2018
66 Brazil 21,043.46 2018
67 St. Lucia 21,009.46 2018
68 Kazakhstan 20,560.22 2018
69 Namibia 20,316.80 2018
70 Samoa 19,980.51 2018
71 Bosnia and Herzegovina 19,951.52 2018
72 Russia 19,556.95 2018
73 Montenegro 18,890.91 2018
74 Bulgaria 17,731.95 2018
75 Cuba 17,408.09 2018
76 Tunisia 17,229.91 2018
77 Argentina 17,210.08 2018
78 North Macedonia 15,892.09 2018
79 Serbia 15,658.23 2018
80 Eswatini 15,575.60 2018
81 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 15,102.55 2018
82 China 14,991.54 2018
83 Georgia 14,539.10 2018
84 Algeria 14,470.83 2018
85 Fiji 14,273.63 2018
86 Dominican Republic 14,269.10 2018
87 Albania 14,218.35 2018
88 Morocco 14,186.34 2018
89 Thailand 13,947.01 2018
90 Colombia 13,599.95 2018
91 Iraq 13,374.18 2018
92 Suriname 13,157.87 2018
93 Sri Lanka 13,035.01 2018
94 Jordan 12,931.90 2018
95 Papua New Guinea 11,531.59 2017
96 Comoros 11,004.37 2018
97 Lesotho 10,699.53 2018
98 Peru 10,686.02 2018
99 Ecuador 10,475.67 2018
100 Azerbaijan 10,209.63 2018
101 Egypt 10,076.69 2018
102 Jamaica 9,941.33 2018
103 Belize 9,912.58 2018
104 Guatemala 9,600.45 2018
105 Belarus 9,438.78 2018
106 Angola 9,171.06 2017
107 India 8,985.09 2018
108 Mongolia 8,672.97 2018
109 Paraguay 8,609.42 2018
110 Guyana 8,512.51 2018
111 El Salvador 8,498.60 2018
112 Indonesia 8,334.88 2018
113 Nigeria 8,266.69 2018
114 Moldova 8,097.13 2018
115 Cabo Verde 8,029.39 2018
116 Bhutan 7,756.52 2017
117 Sudan 7,738.52 2018
118 Timor-Leste 7,624.33 2017
119 Philippines 7,586.05 2018
120 Zimbabwe 6,985.25 2018
121 Zambia 6,980.67 2018
122 Ukraine 6,933.73 2018
123 Honduras 6,855.92 2018
124 Turkmenistan 6,821.53 2010
125 Mauritania 6,510.72 2018
126 Senegal 6,092.02 2018
127 Uzbekistan 5,758.03 2018
128 Pakistan 5,652.97 2018
129 Tajikistan 5,420.88 2018
130 Bolivia 5,052.55 2018
131 Lao PDR 4,982.91 2010
132 São Tomé and Principe 4,948.45 2018
133 Côte d'Ivoire 4,903.44 2018
134 Kenya 4,732.21 2018
135 Uganda 4,627.39 2018
136 Cameroon 4,561.99 2018
137 Chad 4,536.80 2018
138 Myanmar 4,456.12 2018
139 Ghana 4,452.64 2018
140 Guinea 4,182.33 2018
141 Nepal 4,140.06 2018
142 Nicaragua 4,030.60 2018
143 Bangladesh 3,846.04 2018
144 Vietnam 3,795.41 2018
145 Congo 3,556.94 2018
146 Rwanda 3,552.81 2018
147 Burundi 3,486.62 2018
148 Mozambique 3,368.56 2018
149 Tanzania 3,349.49 2017
150 Malawi 3,299.75 2017
151 Mali 3,165.23 2018
152 Guinea-Bissau 3,146.52 2018
153 The Gambia 2,787.67 2018
154 Benin 2,659.30 2018
155 Kyrgyz Republic 2,651.72 2018
156 Ethiopia 2,485.33 2018
157 Liberia 2,367.54 2018
158 Niger 2,284.30 2018
159 Central African Republic 2,255.27 2018
160 Burkina Faso 2,209.64 2018
161 Togo 2,037.45 2018
162 Afghanistan 2,001.19 2018
163 Cambodia 1,968.93 2018
164 Dem. Rep. Congo 1,954.24 2018
165 Yemen 1,851.63 2018
166 Madagascar 1,794.79 2018
167 Sierra Leone 1,504.08 2018
168 Haiti 784.25 2018

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Development Relevance: Labor productivity is used to assess a country's economic ability to create and sustain decent employment opportunities with fair and equitable remuneration. Productivity increases obtained through investment, trade, technological progress, or changes in work organization can increase social protection and reduce poverty, which in turn reduce vulnerable employment and working poverty. Productivity increases do not guarantee these improvements, but without them—and the economic growth they bring—improvements are highly unlikely. Please also see GDP per person employed (constant 2011 PPP $) [SL.GDP.PCAP.EM.KD], which is a key measure for monitoring the Sustainable Development Goal 8 of promoting sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

Limitations and Exceptions: For comparability of individual sectors labor productivity is estimated according to national accounts conventions. However, there are still significant limitations on the availability of reliable data. Information on consistent series of output is not easily available, especially in low- and middle-income countries, because the definition, coverage, and methodology are not always consistent across countries. For more details, see Agriculture, value added (constant 2010 US$) [NV.AGR.TOTL.KD], Industry, value added (constant 2010 US$) [NV.IND.TOTL.KD], and Services, etc., value added (constant 2010 US$) [NV.SRV.TOTL.KD].

Other Notes: Caution should be used for aggregates (population-weighted averages); world totals can be presented without a large economy such as USA.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Value added per worker is calculated by dividing value added of a sector by the number employed in the sector. Gross domestic product (GDP) represents the sum of value added by all producers. Value added is the value of the gross output of producers less the value of intermediate goods and services consumed in production, before accounting for consumption of fixed capital in production. The United Nations System of National Accounts calls for value added to be valued at either basic prices (excluding net taxes on products) or producer prices (including net taxes on products paid by producers but excluding sales or value added taxes). Both valuations exclude transport charges that are invoiced separately by producers. Value added by industry is normally measured at basic prices, while total GDP is measured at purchaser prices. Data on employment are modeled estimates by the International Labour Organization (ILO) ILOSTAT database. The concept of employment generally refers to people above a certain age who worked, or who held a job, during a reference period. Employment data include both full-time and part-time workers.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Base Period: 2010

Periodicity: Annual