Manufacturing, value added (current US$) - Country Ranking - Africa

Definition: Manufacturing refers to industries belonging to ISIC divisions 15-37. Value added is the net output of a sector after adding up all outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or depletion and degradation of natural resources. The origin of value added is determined by the International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC), revision 3. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Source: World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Algeria 47,224,640,000.00 2018
2 South Africa 43,292,980,000.00 2018
3 Egypt 40,845,500,000.00 2018
4 Nigeria 38,324,700,000.00 2018
5 Morocco 18,511,840,000.00 2018
6 Dem. Rep. Congo 8,550,882,000.00 2018
7 Angola 8,036,419,000.00 2017
8 Cameroon 7,176,844,000.00 2018
9 Ghana 6,856,855,000.00 2018
10 Kenya 6,805,043,000.00 2018
11 Tunisia 5,691,564,000.00 2018
12 Côte d'Ivoire 5,493,188,000.00 2018
13 Ethiopia 4,910,343,000.00 2018
14 Senegal 4,513,695,000.00 2018
15 Tanzania 4,083,833,000.00 2017
16 Sudan 4,078,417,000.00 2011
17 Libya 3,879,209,000.00 2008
18 Equatorial Guinea 3,333,170,000.00 2018
19 Gabon 3,216,251,000.00 2018
20 Zimbabwe 2,537,086,000.00 2018
21 Uganda 2,270,015,000.00 2018
22 Zambia 2,265,478,000.00 2018
23 Mauritius 1,616,030,000.00 2018
24 Namibia 1,468,098,000.00 2018
25 Madagascar 1,399,689,000.00 2018
26 Eswatini 1,359,130,000.00 2018
27 Mozambique 1,296,633,000.00 2018
28 Benin 1,272,945,000.00 2018
29 Guinea 1,152,913,000.00 2018
30 Botswana 960,336,300.00 2018
31 Burkina Faso 686,354,700.00 2018
32 Malawi 590,359,600.00 2017
33 Congo 567,553,800.00 2017
34 Niger 508,324,200.00 2018
35 Central African Republic 402,501,100.00 2018
36 Mauritania 387,731,100.00 2018
37 Lesotho 383,718,900.00 2018
38 Togo 352,578,100.00 2018
39 Chad 298,197,500.00 2016
40 Burundi 277,073,200.00 2016
41 Rwanda 236,944,700.00 2018
42 Guinea-Bissau 152,413,800.00 2018
43 Cabo Verde 132,636,200.00 2018
44 Seychelles 102,214,100.00 2018
45 Eritrea 101,983,700.00 2009
46 Djibouti 101,199,000.00 2018
47 Sierra Leone 85,750,450.00 2018
48 The Gambia 72,110,700.00 2018
49 Mali 64,809,120.00 1979
50 Liberia 57,061,400.00 2018
51 Somalia 40,602,930.00 1990
52 São Tomé and Principe 31,434,330.00 2018

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Development Relevance: Firms typically use multiple processes to produce a product. For example, an automobile manufacturer engages in forging, welding, and painting as well as advertising, accounting, and other service activities. Collecting data at such a detailed level is not practical, nor is it useful to record production data at the highest level of a large, multiplant, multiproduct firm. The ISIC has therefore adopted as the definition of an establishment "an enterprise or part of an enterprise which independently engages in one, or predominantly one, kind of economic activity at or from one location . . . for which data are available . . ." (United Nations 1990). By design, this definition matches the reporting unit required for the production accounts of the United Nations System of National Accounts. The ISIC system is described in the United Nations' International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities, Third Revision (1990). The discussion of the ISIC draws on Ryten (1998).

Limitations and Exceptions: In establishing classifications systems compilers must define both the types of activities to be described and the units whose activities are to be reported. There are many possibilities, and the choices affect how the statistics can be interpreted and how useful they are in analyzing economic behavior. The ISIC emphasizes commonalities in the production process and is explicitly not intended to measure outputs (for which there is a newly developed Central Product Classification). Nevertheless, the ISIC views an activity as defined by "a process resulting in a homogeneous set of products."

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The data on manufacturing value added in U.S. dollars are from the World Bank's national accounts files and may differ from those UNIDO uses to calculate shares of value added by industry, in part because of differences in exchange rates. Thus value added in a particular industry estimated by applying the shares to total manufacturing value added will not match those from UNIDO sources. Classification of manufacturing industries accords with the United Nations International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC) revision 3. Data prior to 2008 used revision 2, first published in 1948. Revision 3 was completed in 1989, and many countries now use it. But revision 2 is still widely used for compiling cross-country data. UNIDO has converted these data to accord with revision 3. Concordances matching ISIC categories to national classification systems and to related systems such as the Standard International Trade Classification are available.

Aggregation method: Gap-filled total

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Note: Data for OECD countries are based on ISIC, revision 4.