Household final consumption expenditure per capita (constant 2010 US$) - Country Ranking

Definition: Household final consumption expenditure per capita (private consumption per capita) is calculated using private consumption in constant 2010 prices and World Bank population estimates. Household final consumption expenditure is the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households. It excludes purchases of dwellings but includes imputed rent for owner-occupied dwellings. It also includes payments and fees to governments to obtain permits and licenses. Here, household consumption expenditure includes the expenditures of nonprofit institutions serving households, even when reported separately by the country. Data are in constant 2010 U.S. dollars.

Source: World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Switzerland 41,717.17 2018
2 Norway 40,731.71 2018
3 United States 37,866.08 2018
4 Luxembourg 34,734.10 2018
5 Australia 31,828.38 2018
6 Canada 30,160.88 2018
7 Denmark 29,467.71 2018
8 United Kingdom 28,285.24 2018
9 Iceland 27,514.46 2018
10 Hong Kong SAR, China 27,337.06 2018
11 Japan 27,139.18 2018
12 Sweden 26,829.61 2018
13 Finland 26,338.00 2018
14 Austria 25,342.26 2018
15 Germany 25,312.01 2018
16 Ireland 25,279.02 2018
17 Belgium 24,235.14 2018
18 Netherlands 23,663.73 2018
19 France 23,427.22 2018
20 New Zealand 23,226.97 2018
21 Italy 21,285.35 2018
22 Cyprus 20,686.38 2018
23 Israel 20,406.71 2018
24 Singapore 20,368.85 2018
25 Greenland 19,905.73 2018
26 The Bahamas 18,422.41 2018
27 Spain 18,238.77 2018
28 Puerto Rico 17,340.71 2018
29 Greece 16,031.10 2018
30 Portugal 15,526.33 2018
31 Macao SAR, China 15,207.07 2018
32 Slovenia 14,178.78 2018
33 Malta 13,344.81 2018
34 Korea 12,822.46 2018
35 Qatar 12,454.63 2017
36 United Arab Emirates 12,270.83 2018
37 Lithuania 11,506.25 2018
38 Kuwait 11,284.81 2018
39 Czech Republic 11,217.64 2018
40 Slovak Republic 10,859.76 2018
41 Estonia 10,580.01 2018
42 Uruguay 10,107.29 2018
43 Latvia 9,995.99 2018
44 Poland 9,672.17 2018
45 Barbados 9,598.05 2010
46 Chile 9,414.77 2018
47 Palau 9,237.04 2018
48 Croatia 9,177.63 2018
49 Turkey 8,835.10 2018
50 Bahrain 8,582.52 2018
51 Hungary 8,472.65 2018
52 Romania 7,817.61 2018
53 Mauritius 7,252.20 2018
54 Saudi Arabia 7,135.80 2018
55 Brazil 7,003.01 2018
56 Argentina 6,998.94 2018
57 Mexico 6,773.27 2018
58 Costa Rica 6,715.87 2018
59 Malaysia 6,692.10 2018
60 Montenegro 6,428.02 2018
61 Lebanon 6,206.78 2018
62 Russia 6,203.35 2018
63 Brunei 6,109.50 2018
64 Oman 5,986.64 2018
65 Panama 5,881.97 2017
66 Bulgaria 5,639.00 2018
67 Kazakhstan 5,579.22 2018
68 Seychelles 5,432.34 2010
69 Dominican Republic 5,366.58 2018
70 Colombia 5,195.92 2018
71 St. Lucia 5,056.09 2010
72 Namibia 4,876.10 2018
73 Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,835.61 2018
74 Belarus 4,692.72 2018
75 Serbia 4,691.63 2018
76 South Africa 4,579.96 2018
77 Equatorial Guinea 4,557.58 2018
78 Venezuela 4,221.99 2018
79 Peru 4,150.21 2018
80 Botswana 3,886.53 2018
81 North Macedonia 3,822.57 2018
82 Cuba 3,820.78 2018
83 Jamaica 3,802.49 2018
84 Paraguay 3,515.37 2018
85 Tonga 3,481.78 2010
86 Albania 3,442.24 2014
87 Eswatini 3,359.66 2018
88 Thailand 3,214.54 2018
89 Tunisia 3,212.41 2013
90 China 3,154.06 2018
91 Armenia 3,147.00 2018
92 Georgia 3,091.86 2017
93 Ecuador 3,087.87 2018
94 El Salvador 2,992.00 2018
95 Suriname 2,965.56 2010
96 Belize 2,905.14 2018
97 Gabon 2,874.57 2018
98 Azerbaijan 2,836.72 2012
99 Guatemala 2,830.82 2018
100 Sri Lanka 2,724.25 2018
101 Iran 2,720.22 2017
102 Ukraine 2,472.36 2018
103 Jordan 2,443.98 2018
104 Cabo Verde 2,411.54 2018
105 Moldova 2,410.10 2018
106 Mongolia 2,379.07 2018
107 Indonesia 2,373.08 2018
108 Egypt 2,284.54 2018
109 Guyana 2,250.05 2018
110 Philippines 2,140.15 2018
111 Iraq 2,069.83 2010
112 Morocco 1,986.95 2018
113 Vanuatu 1,835.32 2014
114 Algeria 1,795.47 2018
115 Honduras 1,751.98 2018
116 Bhutan 1,693.91 2017
117 Angola 1,667.45 2017
118 Uzbekistan 1,642.57 2018
119 Bolivia 1,574.41 2018
120 Ghana 1,530.91 2018
121 Nigeria 1,466.45 2018
122 Nicaragua 1,412.21 2018
123 Vietnam 1,329.47 2018
124 Lesotho 1,277.00 2018
125 Comoros 1,252.63 2018
126 Zimbabwe 1,214.95 2018
127 India 1,188.91 2018
128 Côte d'Ivoire 1,135.25 2018
129 Lao PDR 1,104.27 2016
130 Sudan 1,073.69 2018
131 Cameroon 1,041.52 2018
132 Pakistan 1,011.98 2018
133 Kenya 956.05 2018
134 Kyrgyz Republic 946.74 2018
135 Cambodia 887.79 2018
136 Tajikistan 880.16 2013
137 Bangladesh 834.44 2018
138 Zambia 813.12 2010
139 The Gambia 805.22 2018
140 Togo 758.30 2018
141 Mauritania 701.05 2018
142 Liberia 694.57 2018
143 Haiti 661.11 2018
144 Guinea-Bissau 642.44 2018
145 Guinea 640.33 2018
146 Timor-Leste 633.67 2017
147 Rwanda 631.70 2018
148 Mali 604.06 2018
149 Nepal 599.28 2018
150 Benin 565.72 2018
151 Myanmar 553.03 2010
152 Chad 549.94 2018
153 Afghanistan 544.03 2010
154 Tanzania 519.39 2017
155 Malawi 511.10 2017
156 Sierra Leone 504.20 2018
157 Uganda 487.52 2018
158 Congo 475.81 2018
159 Eritrea 463.16 2011
160 Mozambique 422.38 2018
161 Burkina Faso 413.32 2018
162 Madagascar 343.25 2018
163 Central African Republic 287.75 2018
164 Dem. Rep. Congo 280.07 2018
165 Niger 268.34 2018
166 Turkmenistan 223.95 2010
167 Burundi 189.16 2018

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Development Relevance: An economy's growth is measured by the change in the volume of its output or in the real incomes of its residents. The 2008 United Nations System of National Accounts (2008 SNA) offers three plausible indicators for calculating growth: the volume of gross domestic product (GDP), real gross domestic income, and real gross national income. The volume of GDP is the sum of value added, measured at constant prices, by households, government, and industries operating in the economy. GDP accounts for all domestic production, regardless of whether the income accrues to domestic or foreign institutions.

Limitations and Exceptions: Because policymakers have tended to focus on fostering the growth of output, and because data on production are easier to collect than data on spending, many countries generate their primary estimate of GDP using the production approach. Moreover, many countries do not estimate all the components of national expenditures but instead derive some of the main aggregates indirectly using GDP (based on the production approach) as the control total. Household final consumption expenditure is often estimated as a residual, by subtracting all other known expenditures from GDP. The resulting aggregate may incorporate fairly large discrepancies. When household consumption is calculated separately, many of the estimates are based on household surveys, which tend to be one-year studies with limited coverage. Thus the estimates quickly become outdated and must be supplemented by estimates using price- and quantity-based statistical procedures. Complicating the issue, in many developing countries the distinction between cash outlays for personal business and those for household use may be blurred. Informal economic activities pose a particular measurement problem, especially in developing countries, where much economic activity is unrecorded. A complete picture of the economy requires estimating household outputs produced for home use, sales in informal markets, barter exchanges, and illicit or deliberately unreported activities. The consistency and completeness of such estimates depend on the skill and methods of the compiling statisticians. Measures of growth in consumption and capital formation are subject to two kinds of inaccuracy. The first stems from the difficulty of measuring expenditures at current price levels. The second arises in deflating current price data to measure volume growth, where results depend on the relevance and reliability of the price indexes and weights used. Measuring price changes is more difficult for investment goods than for consumption goods because of the one-time nature of many investments and because the rate of technological progress in capital goods makes capturing change in quality difficult. (An example is computers - prices have fallen as quality has improved.)

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross domestic product (GDP) from the expenditure side is made up of household final consumption expenditure, general government final consumption expenditure, gross capital formation (private and public investment in fixed assets, changes in inventories, and net acquisitions of valuables), and net exports (exports minus imports) of goods and services. Such expenditures are recorded in purchaser prices and include net taxes on products. Deflators for household consumption are usually calculated on the basis of the consumer price index.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Base Period: 2010

Periodicity: Annual