Military expenditure (current USD) - Country Ranking

Definition: Military expenditures data from SIPRI are derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditures on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces; defense ministries and other government agencies engaged in defense projects; paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations; and military space activities. Such expenditures include military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions of military personnel and social services for personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, conversion, and destruction of weapons. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require much more detailed information than is available about what is included in military budgets and off-budget military expenditure items. (For example, military budgets might or might not cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, dual-purpose forces such as military and civilian police, military grants in kind, pensions for military personnel, and social security contributions paid by one part of government to another).

Source: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Yearbook: Armaments, Disarmament and International Security.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 United States 648,798,000,000.00 2018
2 China 249,997,000,000.00 2018
3 Saudi Arabia 67,554,670,000.00 2018
4 India 66,510,290,000.00 2018
5 France 63,799,680,000.00 2018
6 Russia 61,387,550,000.00 2018
7 United Kingdom 49,997,190,000.00 2018
8 Germany 49,470,630,000.00 2018
9 Japan 46,617,960,000.00 2018
10 Korea 43,069,970,000.00 2018
11 Italy 27,807,510,000.00 2018
12 Brazil 27,766,430,000.00 2018
13 Australia 26,711,830,000.00 2018
14 United Arab Emirates 22,755,070,000.00 2014
15 Canada 21,620,600,000.00 2018
16 Turkey 18,967,110,000.00 2018
17 Spain 18,248,290,000.00 2018
18 Israel 15,946,790,000.00 2018
19 Iran 13,194,150,000.00 2018
20 Poland 11,596,150,000.00 2018
21 Pakistan 11,375,530,000.00 2018
22 Netherlands 11,242,760,000.00 2018
23 Singapore 10,841,000,000.00 2018
24 Colombia 10,602,860,000.00 2018
25 Algeria 9,583,725,000.00 2018
26 Indonesia 7,437,197,000.00 2018
27 Kuwait 7,296,267,000.00 2018
28 Norway 7,067,074,000.00 2018
29 Thailand 6,829,203,000.00 2018
30 Oman 6,710,013,000.00 2018
31 Mexico 6,567,510,000.00 2018
32 Iraq 6,317,977,000.00 2018
33 Sweden 5,755,367,000.00 2018
34 Chile 5,570,724,000.00 2018
35 Vietnam 5,500,000,000.00 2018
36 Greece 5,227,152,000.00 2018
37 Belgium 4,959,692,000.00 2018
38 Switzerland 4,795,847,000.00 2018
39 Ukraine 4,750,219,000.00 2018
40 Romania 4,608,674,000.00 2018
41 Portugal 4,247,843,000.00 2018
42 Denmark 4,228,194,000.00 2018
43 Argentina 4,144,992,000.00 2018
44 Bangladesh 3,894,695,000.00 2018
45 Finland 3,849,014,000.00 2018
46 Philippines 3,769,741,000.00 2018
47 Libya 3,755,658,000.00 2014
48 Morocco 3,696,857,000.00 2018
49 South Africa 3,639,879,000.00 2018
50 Malaysia 3,469,828,000.00 2018
51 Austria 3,367,460,000.00 2018
52 Egypt 3,109,998,000.00 2018
53 Lebanon 2,775,558,000.00 2018
54 Czech Republic 2,710,018,000.00 2018
55 Peru 2,708,912,000.00 2018
56 Ecuador 2,549,400,000.00 2018
57 Syrian Arab Republic 2,494,887,000.00 2011
58 New Zealand 2,262,928,000.00 2018
59 Nigeria 2,043,052,000.00 2018
60 Myanmar 2,030,466,000.00 2018
61 Angola 1,983,614,000.00 2018
62 Jordan 1,957,746,000.00 2018
63 Qatar 1,876,758,000.00 2010
64 Yemen 1,714,831,000.00 2014
65 Azerbaijan 1,708,941,000.00 2018
66 Sri Lanka 1,681,434,000.00 2018
67 Hungary 1,642,338,000.00 2018
68 Kazakhstan 1,613,589,000.00 2018
69 Bahrain 1,396,808,000.00 2018
70 Slovak Republic 1,280,644,000.00 2018
71 Ireland 1,207,582,000.00 2018
72 Uruguay 1,168,131,000.00 2018
73 Kenya 1,097,458,000.00 2018
74 Bulgaria 1,095,591,000.00 2018
75 Sudan 1,047,879,000.00 2018
76 Lithuania 1,030,417,000.00 2018
77 Serbia 904,323,400.00 2018
78 Croatia 889,523,400.00 2018
79 Tunisia 844,227,400.00 2018
80 Belarus 715,166,700.00 2018
81 Latvia 679,862,600.00 2018
82 Tanzania 675,475,300.00 2018
83 Bolivia 618,842,100.00 2018
84 Estonia 618,486,100.00 2018
85 Armenia 608,854,700.00 2018
86 Côte d'Ivoire 607,848,200.00 2018
87 Dominican Republic 602,522,400.00 2018
88 Cambodia 543,205,200.00 2018
89 Slovenia 529,496,100.00 2018
90 Botswana 529,481,100.00 2018
91 Ethiopia 496,621,100.00 2018
92 Mali 495,165,300.00 2018
93 Venezuela 464,821,800.00 2017
94 Namibia 451,546,500.00 2018
95 Cameroon 429,892,200.00 2018
96 Zimbabwe 420,364,000.00 2018
97 Luxembourg 419,372,600.00 2018
98 Honduras 410,414,900.00 2018
99 Uganda 408,367,600.00 2018
100 Nepal 398,521,500.00 2018
101 Paraguay 386,556,400.00 2018
102 Cyprus 381,879,800.00 2018
103 Zambia 378,025,400.00 2018
104 Senegal 346,773,000.00 2018
105 Brunei 346,588,700.00 2018
106 Georgia 316,508,400.00 2018
107 Burkina Faso 312,467,600.00 2018
108 Dem. Rep. Congo 295,348,400.00 2018
109 Congo 292,260,500.00 2018
110 Guatemala 278,420,900.00 2018
111 El Salvador 266,460,000.00 2018
112 Gabon 261,217,400.00 2018
113 Chad 232,931,000.00 2018
114 Niger 229,639,900.00 2018
115 Bosnia and Herzegovina 221,131,600.00 2018
116 Ghana 218,444,300.00 2018
117 Guinea 209,150,600.00 2018
118 Jamaica 207,772,700.00 2018
119 Afghanistan 198,086,300.00 2018
120 Eritrea 181,583,700.00 2003
121 Albania 180,488,700.00 2018
122 Trinidad and Tobago 169,332,500.00 2018
123 Mauritania 159,013,400.00 2018
124 Mozambique 145,206,800.00 2018
125 Cuba 122,552,900.00 2017
126 Kyrgyz Republic 121,163,600.00 2018
127 Rwanda 118,959,200.00 2018
128 North Macedonia 117,384,000.00 2018
129 Turkmenistan 111,923,100.00 1999
130 Togo 104,379,000.00 2018
131 Mongolia 96,067,490.00 2018
132 Tajikistan 95,763,180.00 2015
133 Benin 90,212,420.00 2018
134 Eswatini 87,787,080.00 2018
135 Montenegro 83,806,050.00 2018
136 Nicaragua 81,593,940.00 2018
137 Madagascar 73,258,420.00 2018
138 Malta 69,284,610.00 2018
139 Burundi 65,436,600.00 2018
140 Somalia 61,556,000.00 2018
141 Papua New Guinea 60,592,820.00 2018
142 Guyana 59,809,430.00 2018
143 Malawi 58,369,170.00 2018
144 Uzbekistan 54,133,700.00 2003
145 Lesotho 51,064,350.00 2018
146 Fiji 48,412,180.00 2018
147 Djibouti 36,274,840.00 2008
148 Moldova 33,957,720.00 2018
149 Central African Republic 30,951,300.00 2018
150 Sierra Leone 29,622,480.00 2018
151 Mauritius 23,202,900.00 2018
152 Belize 23,083,110.00 2018
153 Seychelles 22,823,280.00 2018
154 Lao PDR 22,677,720.00 2013
155 Timor-Leste 20,610,000.00 2018
156 Equatorial Guinea 18,233,150.00 2016
157 Guinea-Bissau 17,036,940.00 2015
158 Liberia 15,786,500.00 2018
159 The Gambia 11,487,230.00 2018
160 Cabo Verde 10,714,070.00 2018
161 Haiti 79,690.89 2018
162 Iceland 0.00 2018
162 Costa Rica 0.00 2018
162 Panama 0.00 2018

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Development Relevance: Although national defense is an important function of government and security from external threats that contributes to economic development, high military expenditures for defense or civil conflicts burden the economy and may impede growth. Data on military expenditures as a share of gross domestic product (GDP) are a rough indicator of the portion of national resources used for military activities and of the burden on the economy. Data on military expenditures as a share of gross domestic product (GDP) are a rough indicator of the portion of national resources used for military activities and of the burden on the economy. As an "input" measure military expenditures are not directly related to the "output" of military activities, capabilities, or security. Comparisons of military spending among countries should take into account the many factors that influence perceptions of vulnerability and risk, including historical and cultural traditions, the length of borders that need defending, the quality of relations with neighbors, and the role of the armed forces in the body politic.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on military expenditures are not compiled using standard definitions and are often incomplete and unreliable due to countries' reluctance to disclose military information. Even in countries where the parliament vigilantly reviews budgets and spending, military expenditures and arms transfers rarely receive close scrutiny or full, public disclosure (see Ball 1984 and Happe and Wakeman-Linn 1994). However, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) has adopted a definition of military expenditure derived from the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's (NATO) former definition (in use until 2002; see Definitions). Data on military expenditures as a share of central government expenditures use data on central government expenditures from the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Therefore the data may differ from comparable data published by national governments. In the many cases where SIPRI cannot make independent estimates, it uses the national data provided. Because of the differences in definitions and the difficulty in verifying the accuracy and completeness of data, data on military expenditures are not always comparable across countries. However, SIPRI puts a high priority on ensuring that the data series for each country is comparable over time.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: SIPRI military expenditure data includes military and civil personnel, including retirement pensions and social services for military personnel; operation and maintenance; procurement; military research and development; and military aid (in the military expenditures of the donor country). Excluded are civil defense and current expenditures for previous military activities, such as for veterans' benefits, demobilization, and weapons conversion and destruction. This definition cannot be applied for all countries, however, since that would require more detailed information than is available about military budgets and off-budget military expenditures (for example, whether military budgets cover civil defense, reserves and auxiliary forces, police and paramilitary forces, and military pensions). SIPRI data for the most recent years include two types of estimate which apply to all countries: (a) figures for the most recent years are for adopted budgets, budget estimates or revised estimates, and are revised, more often than not, in subsequent years; and (b) the deflator used for the latest year in the series is an estimate. SIPRI's primary source of military expenditure data is official data provided by national governments. These data are derived from budget documents, defense white papers, and other public documents from official government agencies, including government responses to questionnaires sent by SIPRI, the UNODA, or the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. Secondary sources include international statistics, such as those of NATO and the IMF's Government Finance Statistics Yearbook. Other secondary sources include country reports of the Economist Intelligence Unit, country reports by IMF staff, and specialist journals and newspapers. The SIPRI military expenditure figures are presented on a calendar-year basis. The only exception is the USA, for which statistics report data on a fiscal-year basis. Calendar-year data are calculated on the assumption of an even rate of expenditure throughout the fiscal year.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Data for some countries are based on partial or uncertain data or rough estimates. For additional details please refer to the military expenditure database on the SIPRI website: https://sipri.org/databases/milex