Patent applications, residents - Country Ranking

Definition: Patent applications are worldwide patent applications filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty procedure or with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention--a product or process that provides a new way of doing something or offers a new technical solution to a problem. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years.

Source: World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), WIPO Patent Report: Statistics on Worldwide Patent Activity. The International Bureau of WIPO assumes no responsibility with respect to the transformation of these data.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 China 1,393,815.00 2018
2 United States 285,095.00 2018
3 Japan 253,630.00 2018
4 Korea 162,561.00 2018
5 Germany 46,617.00 2018
6 Russia 24,926.00 2018
7 India 16,289.00 2018
8 France 14,303.00 2018
9 United Kingdom 12,865.00 2018
10 Iran 11,908.00 2018
11 Italy 8,921.00 2018
12 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 8,354.00 2012
13 Turkey 7,156.00 2018
14 Brazil 4,980.00 2018
15 Canada 4,349.00 2018
16 Poland 4,207.00 2018
17 Australia 2,757.00 2018
18 Netherlands 2,111.00 2018
19 Ukraine 2,107.00 2018
20 Austria 2,039.00 2018
21 Sweden 1,838.00 2018
22 Singapore 1,575.00 2018
23 Mexico 1,555.00 2018
24 Spain 1,525.00 2018
25 Israel 1,506.00 2018
26 Indonesia 1,407.00 2018
27 Finland 1,387.00 2018
28 Switzerland 1,283.00 2018
29 Denmark 1,262.00 2018
30 Malaysia 1,116.00 2018
31 Romania 1,100.00 2018
32 Norway 1,082.00 2018
33 Saudi Arabia 1,078.00 2018
34 New Zealand 1,017.00 2018
35 Egypt 997.00 2018
36 Thailand 904.00 2018
37 Belgium 892.00 2018
38 Kazakhstan 789.00 2018
39 Czech Republic 678.00 2018
40 Portugal 661.00 2018
41 South Africa 657.00 2018
42 Iraq 653.00 2018
43 Vietnam 646.00 2018
44 Philippines 529.00 2018
45 Uzbekistan 470.00 2018
46 Belarus 453.00 2018
47 Greece 430.00 2018
48 Argentina 425.00 2018
49 Colombia 415.00 2018
50 Hungary 407.00 2018
51 Chile 406.00 2018
52 Sudan 349.00 2018
53 Sri Lanka 343.00 2018
54 Hong Kong SAR, China 314.00 2018
55 Pakistan 306.00 2018
56 Slovenia 255.00 2018
57 Kenya 244.00 2018
58 Slovak Republic 217.00 2018
59 Morocco 187.00 2018
60 Tunisia 180.00 2018
60 Bulgaria 180.00 2018
62 Serbia 163.00 2018
63 Azerbaijan 155.00 2018
64 Algeria 152.00 2018
64 Luxembourg 152.00 2018
66 Kyrgyz Republic 137.00 2017
67 Panama 135.00 2018
68 Croatia 121.00 2018
69 Nigeria 120.00 2018
70 Lebanon 110.00 2015
71 Georgia 103.00 2018
71 Syrian Arab Republic 103.00 2018
73 Armenia 101.00 2018
74 Venezuela 96.00 2017
75 Moldova 92.00 2018
76 Peru 89.00 2018
77 Latvia 86.00 2018
78 Bosnia and Herzegovina 84.00 2018
79 Mongolia 82.00 2018
80 Lithuania 81.00 2018
81 Ireland 76.00 2018
82 Bangladesh 69.00 2018
83 Bolivia 59.00 2017
84 United Arab Emirates 56.00 2018
84 Iceland 56.00 2018
86 Turkmenistan 44.00 1999
87 North Macedonia 42.00 2013
88 Mozambique 34.00 2018
88 Ecuador 34.00 2018
90 Cuba 29.00 2018
91 Jamaica 26.00 2018
91 Côte d'Ivoire 26.00 2012
93 Tanzania 25.00 2018
94 Jordan 24.00 2018
94 Brunei 24.00 2018
94 Estonia 24.00 2018
97 Uruguay 23.00 2017
98 Namibia 21.00 2018
99 Nepal 20.00 2017
100 Qatar 19.00 2017
100 Congo 19.00 1988
102 Paraguay 18.00 2010
103 Dominican Republic 17.00 2018
104 Mauritius 16.00 2018
105 Albania 15.00 2018
105 Yemen 15.00 2017
107 Liberia 14.00 1993
107 San Marino 14.00 2018
109 Ghana 13.00 2018
109 Ethiopia 13.00 2018
111 Zambia 12.00 2017
111 Libya 12.00 1996
113 Bahrain 11.00 2018
114 Madagascar 9.00 2018
115 Zimbabwe 8.00 2016
115 Dem. Rep. Congo 8.00 1984
115 Honduras 8.00 2018
118 Costa Rica 7.00 2018
119 Guatemala 6.00 2018
119 Uganda 6.00 2018
119 Rwanda 6.00 2018
122 Antigua and Barbuda 5.00 2018
123 Trinidad and Tobago 4.00 2018
123 The Bahamas 4.00 2017
123 Monaco 4.00 2018
123 Angola 4.00 1992
123 Bhutan 4.00 2016
123 Oman 4.00 2017
123 Cyprus 4.00 2018
130 Malawi 3.00 2016
130 Cabo Verde 3.00 2018
130 Montenegro 3.00 2018
130 Botswana 3.00 2017
130 Malta 3.00 2016
130 El Salvador 3.00 2018
130 Cambodia 3.00 2016
137 Burkina Faso 2.00 2010
137 Fiji 2.00 1980
137 Guyana 2.00 2018
137 Haiti 2.00 2014
137 St. Lucia 2.00 2018
137 Tajikistan 2.00 2013
143 Macao SAR, China 1.00 2018
143 Belize 1.00 2006
143 Papua New Guinea 1.00 2015
143 Nicaragua 1.00 2014
143 Somalia 1.00 1984
143 Kuwait 1.00 2018
143 Mali 1.00 1981
143 Lao PDR 1.00 2018
143 Samoa 1.00 2018
143 Andorra 1.00 2018
143 Burundi 1.00 1996
143 Lesotho 1.00 1996
143 Barbados 1.00 2014
143 Djibouti 1.00 2013

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Development Relevance: The Patent Cooperation Treaty (www.wipo.int/pct) provides a two phase system for filing patent. International applications under the treaty provide for a national patent grant only - there is no international patent. The national filing represents the applicant's seeking of patent protection for a given territory, whereas international filings, while representing a legal right, do not accurately reflect where patent protection is sought. Resident filings are those from residents of the country concerned. Nonresident filings are from applicants abroad. For regional offices applications from residents of any member state of the regional patent convention are considered nonresident filings. Some offices (notably the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office) use the residence of the inventor rather than the applicant to classify filings. Patent data are a great resource for the study of technical change in a country or region. Patent data provide a uniquely detailed source of information on inventive activity and the multiple dimensions of the inventive process (e.g. geographical location, technical and institutional origin, individuals and networks). Furthermore, patent data form a consistent basis for comparisons across time and across countries. Patent data can be used in the analysis of a wide array of topics related to technical change and patenting activity including industry-science linkages, patenting strategies by companies, internationalization of research, and indicators on the value of patents. Patent-based statistics reflect the inventive performance of countries, regions and firms, as well as other aspects of the dynamics of the innovation process such as co-operation in innovation or technology paths.

Limitations and Exceptions: A patent is an exclusive right granted for a specified period (generally 20 years) for a new way of doing something or a new technical solution to a problem - an invention. The invention must be of practical use and display a characteristic unknown in the existing body of knowledge in its field. Most countries have systems to protect patentable inventions.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Resident patent applications are those for which the first-named applicant or assignee is a resident of the State or region concerned. In the case of regional offices such as the European Patent Office, a resident is an applicant from any of the member States of the regional patent convention. Patent data cover applications and grants classified by field of technology. International applications series distinguish four subcategories: a) patents taken out by residents of a country in that country; b) patents taken out in a country by non-residents of that country; c) total patents registered in the country or naming it; d) patents taken out outside a country by its residents. Data on patents granted only distinguish between patents awarded to residents and to non-residents. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period, generally 20 years. Patent applications are worldwide patent applications filed through the Patent Cooperation Treaty procedure or with a national patent office for exclusive rights for an invention - a product or process that provides a new way of doing something or offers a new technical solution to a problem.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual