Scientific and technical journal articles - Country Ranking

Definition: Scientific and technical journal articles refer to the number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences.

Source: National Science Foundation, Science and Engineering Indicators.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 China 426,165.30 2016
2 United States 408,985.30 2016
3 India 110,319.60 2016
4 Germany 103,121.90 2016
5 United Kingdom 97,526.90 2016
6 Japan 96,536.20 2016
7 France 69,430.80 2016
8 Italy 69,125.20 2016
9 Korea 63,063.00 2016
10 Russia 59,133.50 2016
11 Canada 57,355.80 2016
12 Brazil 53,606.60 2016
13 Spain 52,820.70 2016
14 Australia 51,068.20 2016
15 Iran 40,974.50 2016
16 Turkey 33,902.20 2016
17 Poland 32,977.90 2016
18 Netherlands 29,949.00 2016
19 Switzerland 21,127.60 2016
20 Malaysia 20,331.50 2016
21 Sweden 19,937.10 2016
22 Belgium 16,393.70 2016
23 Czech Republic 15,963.10 2016
24 Mexico 14,529.40 2016
25 Portugal 13,773.20 2016
26 Denmark 13,470.70 2016
27 Austria 12,366.40 2016
28 Israel 11,892.70 2016
29 South Africa 11,881.20 2016
30 Singapore 11,253.80 2016
31 Egypt 10,807.00 2016
32 Norway 10,725.70 2016
33 Greece 10,725.40 2016
34 Finland 10,545.10 2016
35 Romania 10,193.50 2016
36 Thailand 9,581.50 2016
37 Saudi Arabia 9,231.90 2016
38 Pakistan 9,180.60 2016
39 Argentina 8,648.20 2016
40 Indonesia 7,728.70 2016
41 New Zealand 7,464.70 2016
42 Ukraine 7,374.70 2016
43 Ireland 6,834.40 2016
44 Chile 6,745.90 2016
45 Hungary 6,207.60 2016
46 Colombia 6,120.50 2016
47 Slovak Republic 5,359.40 2016
48 Tunisia 5,265.60 2016
49 Serbia 5,052.40 2016
50 Algeria 4,447.10 2016
51 Morocco 4,062.50 2016
52 Croatia 4,056.00 2016
53 Nigeria 3,821.60 2016
54 Slovenia 3,406.70 2016
55 Vietnam 2,961.30 2016
56 Bulgaria 2,558.70 2016
57 Bangladesh 2,546.10 2016
58 Lithuania 2,181.20 2016
59 United Arab Emirates 2,180.90 2016
60 Jordan 1,651.80 2016
61 Philippines 1,568.70 2016
62 Kazakhstan 1,563.80 2016
63 Estonia 1,481.70 2016
64 Lebanon 1,397.90 2016
65 Qatar 1,310.70 2016
66 Latvia 1,256.80 2016
67 Iraq 1,227.30 2016
68 Ethiopia 1,121.00 2016
69 Ecuador 1,096.10 2016
70 Cuba 1,044.70 2016
71 Sri Lanka 1,032.90 2016
72 Peru 1,007.60 2016
73 Kenya 987.10 2016
74 Ghana 982.10 2016
75 Cyprus 972.90 2016
76 Belarus 936.70 2016
77 Venezuela 854.90 2016
78 Luxembourg 817.90 2016
79 Uruguay 809.00 2016
80 Oman 795.00 2016
81 Kuwait 738.60 2016
82 Cameroon 670.10 2016
83 Iceland 651.80 2016
84 Georgia 579.40 2016
85 Uganda 572.90 2016
86 Puerto Rico 566.00 2016
87 Nepal 549.30 2016
88 Tanzania 539.20 2016
89 Armenia 521.00 2016
90 Bosnia and Herzegovina 508.50 2016
91 North Macedonia 483.10 2016
92 Azerbaijan 480.30 2016
93 Costa Rica 376.70 2016
94 Sudan 368.80 2016
95 Uzbekistan 357.40 2016
96 Senegal 353.00 2016
97 Malta 320.40 2016
98 Zimbabwe 298.00 2016
99 Moldova 295.40 2016
100 Syrian Arab Republic 273.20 2016
101 Montenegro 257.80 2016
102 Botswana 226.60 2016
103 Burkina Faso 221.80 2016
104 Brunei 216.90 2016
105 Bahrain 210.60 2016
106 Malawi 203.10 2016
107 Albania 191.40 2016
108 Trinidad and Tobago 185.20 2016
109 Zambia 179.30 2016
110 Côte d'Ivoire 177.50 2016
111 Benin 167.30 2016
112 Panama 159.30 2016
113 Mauritius 156.00 2016
114 Fiji 154.90 2016
115 Libya 138.70 2016
116 Jamaica 134.80 2016
117 Cambodia 116.90 2016
118 Rwanda 115.30 2016
119 Dem. Rep. Congo 112.80 2016
120 Mongolia 112.30 2016
121 Yemen 111.20 2016
122 Myanmar 110.80 2016
123 Namibia 107.70 2016
124 Madagascar 102.80 2016
125 Kyrgyz Republic 100.80 2016
126 Mozambique 100.60 2016
127 Paraguay 96.40 2016
128 Bolivia 95.10 2016
129 Mali 87.30 2016
130 Lao PDR 85.10 2016
130 Guatemala 85.10 2016
132 Afghanistan 80.40 2016
133 Congo 77.80 2016
134 Togo 76.30 2016
135 Gabon 59.20 2016
136 Niger 56.10 2016
137 Papua New Guinea 54.00 2016
138 Barbados 48.40 2016
139 Sierra Leone 48.20 2016
140 Tajikistan 47.50 2016
141 The Gambia 46.50 2016
142 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 43.80 2016
143 Bhutan 40.20 2016
144 Monaco 39.70 2016
145 Angola 39.10 2016
146 Guinea 38.00 2016
147 Nicaragua 35.60 2016
148 Liechtenstein 35.40 2016
149 Grenada 34.30 2016
150 Honduras 33.00 2016
151 Eswatini 31.00 2016
152 Haiti 30.10 2016
152 Dominican Republic 30.10 2016
154 Central African Republic 28.90 2016
155 El Salvador 28.50 2016
156 Greenland 25.50 2016
157 Lesotho 22.80 2016
158 Suriname 21.30 2016
159 St. Kitts and Nevis 20.80 2016
160 Mauritania 19.70 2016
161 Liberia 16.60 2016
162 The Bahamas 14.40 2016
163 Solomon Islands 14.00 2016
164 Guyana 13.70 2016
165 Vanuatu 13.50 2016
166 Seychelles 12.40 2016
167 Guinea-Bissau 11.50 2016
167 Chad 11.50 2016
169 Burundi 10.70 2016
170 Eritrea 8.50 2016
171 Timor-Leste 8.30 2016
172 Cabo Verde 8.10 2016
173 Andorra 7.90 2016
174 Antigua and Barbuda 7.80 2016
175 Dominica 7.70 2016
176 San Marino 7.50 2016
177 Equatorial Guinea 7.40 2016
178 Belize 5.50 2016
179 Samoa 5.30 2016
180 St. Lucia 4.70 2016
181 Comoros 4.60 2016
182 Djibouti 4.10 2016
183 Turkmenistan 3.50 2016
184 Somalia 3.30 2016
185 Palau 3.10 2016
186 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.30 2016
187 Kiribati 2.20 2016
188 Tonga 1.80 2016
189 São Tomé and Principe 0.90 2016
190 Nauru 0.70 2016
191 Tuvalu 0.40 2016

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Development Relevance: A scientific journal is a periodical publication intended to further the progress of science, usually by reporting new research. Most journals are highly specialized, although some of the oldest journals such as Nature publish articles and scientific papers across a wide range of scientific fields. Scientific journals contain articles that have been peer reviewed. When a scientific journal describes experiments or calculations, they must supply enough details that an independent researcher could repeat the experiment or calculation to verify the results. Each such journal article becomes part of the permanent scientific record. Some journals, such as Nature, Science, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), and Physical Review Letters, have a reputation of publishing articles that mark a fundamental breakthrough in their respective fields.

Limitations and Exceptions: Scientific and technical article counts are from journals classified by the Institute for Scientific Information's Science Citation Index (SCI) and Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI). Counts are based on fractional assignments; articles with authors from different countries are allocated proportionately to each country. The SCI and SSCI databases cover the core set of scientific journals but may exclude some of local importance and may reflect some bias toward English-language journals. Articles are classified by year of publication and assigned to region/country/economy on basis of institutional address(es) listed on the article. Articles are counted on a fractional-count basis that is, for articles with collaborating institutions from multiple countries/economies, each country/economy receives fractional credit on basis of proportion of its participating institutions. Details may not add to total because of rounding.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The number of scientific and engineering articles published in the following fields: physics, biology, chemistry, mathematics, clinical medicine, biomedical research, engineering and technology, and earth and space sciences. The NSF considers article counts from a set of journals covered by Science Citation Index (SCI) and Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI).

Aggregation method: Gap-filled total

Periodicity: Annual