Firms experiencing losses due to theft and vandalism (% of firms) - Country Ranking

Definition: Percent of firms experiencing losses due to theft, robbery, vandalism or arson that occurred on the establishment's premises.

Source: World Bank, Enterprise Surveys (http://www.enterprisesurveys.org/).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Papua New Guinea 61.50 2015
2 Vanuatu 60.40 2009
3 Samoa 52.40 2009
4 Botswana 50.70 2010
5 St. Kitts and Nevis 49.00 2010
6 Chile 47.70 2010
7 Sierra Leone 47.30 2017
8 Eswatini 44.50 2016
9 The Bahamas 44.00 2010
10 Venezuela 43.70 2010
11 Cabo Verde 43.20 2009
11 Guyana 43.20 2010
13 South Africa 42.60 2007
14 Mexico 40.30 2010
15 Central African Republic 40.10 2011
16 Sweden 39.80 2014
17 Brazil 38.30 2009
18 Guatemala 37.40 2017
19 Guinea-Bissau 35.30 2006
20 Czech Republic 35.10 2013
21 Solomon Islands 34.60 2015
22 Suriname 34.40 2018
22 Grenada 34.40 2010
24 Cameroon 34.00 2016
25 Liberia 33.70 2017
26 Malawi 33.50 2014
27 Costa Rica 32.80 2010
28 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 30.90 2010
28 Fiji 30.90 2009
30 The Gambia 29.30 2018
31 El Salvador 29.10 2016
32 Trinidad and Tobago 28.30 2010
33 Namibia 28.20 2014
34 Uruguay 28.10 2017
35 Honduras 27.70 2016
36 Cambodia 27.50 2016
37 Tanzania 26.20 2013
38 Chad 25.90 2018
39 Congo 25.60 2009
40 Estonia 25.20 2013
41 Mauritius 24.50 2009
42 Madagascar 24.40 2013
43 Zambia 24.30 2013
44 Lesotho 24.00 2016
45 Kenya 22.70 2018
46 Croatia 22.50 2013
47 Mozambique 22.40 2018
48 Belarus 22.00 2013
49 Gabon 21.90 2009
50 North Macedonia 21.80 2013
50 Bolivia 21.80 2017
52 Mauritania 21.50 2014
53 Bulgaria 21.40 2013
54 Colombia 21.20 2017
55 Zimbabwe 20.90 2016
56 Dem. Rep. Congo 20.60 2013
56 Côte d'Ivoire 20.60 2016
58 Ghana 20.10 2013
58 Antigua and Barbuda 20.10 2010
60 Greece 19.30 2018
61 Nicaragua 19.10 2016
62 Togo 19.00 2016
63 Peru 18.90 2017
63 Niger 18.90 2017
65 Rwanda 18.30 2011
66 Burkina Faso 18.10 2009
67 Malaysia 17.40 2015
68 Ecuador 17.30 2017
68 Afghanistan 17.30 2014
70 Yemen 17.10 2013
71 Philippines 17.00 2015
72 Mali 16.80 2016
72 Poland 16.80 2013
74 Dominican Republic 16.70 2016
75 Paraguay 16.50 2017
75 Romania 16.50 2013
75 Latvia 16.50 2013
78 Tonga 16.40 2009
79 Mongolia 16.10 2013
80 Montenegro 16.00 2013
81 Timor-Leste 15.80 2015
81 Russia 15.80 2012
81 Uganda 15.80 2013
84 Bhutan 15.70 2015
85 Lithuania 14.60 2013
86 Senegal 14.50 2014
86 Argentina 14.50 2017
86 Djibouti 14.50 2013
89 Nigeria 14.00 2014
90 Bosnia and Herzegovina 13.70 2013
91 Kyrgyz Republic 13.60 2013
92 Kazakhstan 13.50 2013
93 Slovak Republic 13.30 2013
93 Jamaica 13.30 2010
95 Myanmar 13.10 2016
95 Serbia 13.10 2013
97 Ukraine 12.90 2013
97 Guinea 12.90 2016
99 Angola 12.50 2010
100 Tunisia 12.00 2013
101 Burundi 11.30 2014
101 Nepal 11.30 2013
103 Vietnam 11.00 2015
103 Slovenia 11.00 2013
105 Sudan 10.90 2014
106 Israel 10.10 2013
107 Hungary 10.00 2013
108 Lao PDR 9.50 2018
108 Pakistan 9.50 2013
110 Benin 9.40 2016
111 Iraq 8.60 2011
112 Barbados 8.50 2010
113 Sri Lanka 8.10 2011
114 Morocco 7.70 2013
115 Belize 7.60 2010
115 Bangladesh 7.60 2013
117 Turkey 6.80 2013
118 St. Lucia 6.50 2010
118 Panama 6.50 2010
118 Ethiopia 6.50 2015
121 Egypt 6.10 2016
122 Tajikistan 5.20 2013
123 Moldova 5.10 2013
124 Lebanon 4.20 2013
125 Indonesia 4.00 2015
126 Albania 3.90 2013
126 Armenia 3.90 2013
126 China 3.90 2012
129 India 3.70 2014
130 Dominica 2.10 2010
131 Thailand 1.80 2016
131 Azerbaijan 1.80 2013
133 Georgia 1.60 2013
133 Jordan 1.60 2013
135 Eritrea 0.70 2009
135 Uzbekistan 0.70 2013

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Development Relevance: Firms evaluating investment options, governments interested in improving business conditions, and economists seeking to explain economic performance have all grappled with defining and measuring the business environment. The firm-level data from Enterprise Surveys provide a useful tool for benchmarking economies across a large number of indicators measured at the firm level. Informality is associated with business operations without registration. The informal sector in an economy may be a source of unfair competition to formal firms and also deprive governments of potential tax revenue and diminish a government's capacity for regulatory oversight. Informality can be defined along different dimensions such as operating without registration, income tax evasion, labor tax evasion, or operating outside the legal framework of an economy. Firms may show different degrees of informality along these dimensions which may also overlap. A large informal sector has serious consequences for the formal private sector, and may pose unfair competition for formal firms. It is an approximation to the prevalence of informality in the private economy.

Limitations and Exceptions: The sampling methodology for Enterprise Surveys is stratified random sampling. In a simple random sample, all members of the population have the same probability of being selected and no weighting of the observations is necessary. In a stratified random sample, all population units are grouped within homogeneous groups and simple random samples are selected within each group. This method allows computing estimates for each of the strata with a specified level of precision while population estimates can also be estimated by properly weighting individual observations. The sampling weights take care of the varying probabilities of selection across different strata. Under certain conditions, estimates' precision under stratified random sampling will be higher than under simple random sampling (lower standard errors may result from the estimation procedure). The strata for Enterprise Surveys are firm size, business sector, and geographic region within a country. Firm size levels are 5-19 (small), 20-99 (medium), and 100+ employees (large-sized firms). Since in most economies, the majority of firms are small and medium-sized, Enterprise Surveys oversample large firms since larger firms tend to be engines of job creation. Sector breakdown is usually manufacturing, retail, and other services. For larger economies, specific manufacturing sub-sectors are selected as additional strata on the basis of employment, value-added, and total number of establishments figures. Geographic regions within a country are selected based on which cities/regions collectively contain the majority of economic activity. Ideally the survey sample frame is derived from the universe of eligible firms obtained from the country’s statistical office. Sometimes the master list of firms is obtained from other government agencies such as tax or business licensing authorities. In some cases, the list of firms is obtained from business associations or marketing databases. In a few cases, the sample frame is created via block enumeration, where the World Bank “manually” constructs a list of eligible firms after 1) partitioning a country’s cities of major economic activity into clusters and blocks, 2) randomly selecting a subset of blocks which will then be enumerated. In surveys conducted since 2005-06, survey documentation which explains the source of the sample frame and any special circumstances encountered during survey fieldwork are included with the collected datasets. Obtaining panel data, i.e. interviews with the same firms across multiple years, is a priority in current Enterprise Surveys. When conducting a new Enterprise Survey in a country where data was previously collected, maximal effort is expended to re-interview as many firms (from the prior survey) as possible. For these panel firms, sampling weights can be adjusted to take into account the resulting altered probabilities of inclusion in the sample frame.

Original Source Notes: All surveys were administered using the Enterprise Surveys methodology as outlined in the Methodology page which can be found from www.enterprisesurveys.org.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Firm-level surveys have been conducted since the 1990's by different units within the World Bank. Since 2005-06, most data collection efforts have been centralized within the Enterprise Analysis Unit. Surveys implemented by the Enterprise Analysis Unit follow the Global Methodology. Private contractors conduct the Enterprise Surveys on behalf of the World Bank. Due to sensitive survey questions addressing business-government relations and bribery-related topics, private contractors, rather than any government agency or an organization/institution associated with government, are hired by the World Bank to collect the data. Confidentiality of the survey respondents and the sensitive information they provide is necessary to ensure the greatest degree of survey participation, integrity and confidence in the quality of the data. Surveys are usually carried out in cooperation with business organizations and government agencies promoting job creation and economic growth, but confidentiality is never compromised. The Enterprise Survey is answered by business owners and top managers. Sometimes the survey respondent calls company accountants and human resource managers into the interview to answer questions in the sales and labor sections of the survey. Typically 1200-1800 interviews are conducted in larger economies, 360 interviews are conducted in medium-sized economies, and for smaller economies, 150 interviews take place. The manufacturing and services sectors are the primary business sectors of interest. This corresponds to firms classified with ISIC codes 15-37, 45, 50-52, 55, 60-64, and 72 (ISIC Rev.3.1). Formal (registered) companies with 5 or more employees are targeted for interview. Services firms include construction, retail, wholesale, hotels, restaurants, transport, storage, communications, and IT. Firms with 100% government/state ownership are not eligible to participate in an Enterprise Survey. Occasionally, for a few surveyed countries, other sectors are included in the companies surveyed such as education or health-related businesses. In each country, businesses in the cities/regions of major economic activity are interviewed. In some countries, other surveys, which depart from the usual Enterprise Survey methodology, are conducted. Examples include 1) Informal Surveys- surveys of informal (unregistered) enterprises, 2) Micro Surveys- surveys fielded to registered firms with less than five employees, and 3) Financial Crisis Assessment Surveys- short surveys administered by telephone to assess the effects of the global financial crisis of 2008-09. The Enterprise Surveys Unit uses two instruments: the Manufacturing Questionnaire and the Services Questionnaire. Although many questions overlap, some are only applicable to one type of business. For example, retail firms are not asked about production and nonproduction workers. The standard Enterprise Survey topics include firm characteristics, gender participation, access to finance, annual sales, costs of inputs/labor, workforce composition, bribery, licensing, infrastructure, trade, crime, competition, capacity utilization, land and permits, taxation, informality, business-government relations, innovation and technology, and performance measures. Over 90% of the questions objectively ascertain characteristics of a country’s business environment. The remaining questions assess the survey respondents’ opinions on what are the obstacles to firm growth and performance. The mode of data collection is face-to-face interviews.

Aggregation method: Unweighted average

Periodicity: Annual