Power outages in firms in a typical month (number) - Country Ranking

Definition: Power outages are the average number of power outages that establishments experience in a typical month.

Source: World Bank, Enterprise Surveys (http://www.enterprisesurveys.org/).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Pakistan 75.20 2013
2 Bangladesh 64.50 2013
3 Lebanon 50.50 2013
4 Papua New Guinea 41.90 2015
5 Iraq 40.90 2011
6 Yemen 38.80 2013
7 Nigeria 32.80 2014
8 Central African Republic 29.00 2011
9 Benin 28.00 2016
10 Niger 22.00 2017
11 Congo 21.50 2009
12 The Gambia 21.00 2006
13 Chad 19.60 2009
14 Burundi 16.60 2014
15 India 13.80 2014
16 Dem. Rep. Congo 12.30 2013
17 Afghanistan 11.50 2014
18 Myanmar 11.00 2016
19 Burkina Faso 9.80 2009
20 Sierra Leone 9.10 2017
21 Tanzania 8.90 2013
22 Nepal 8.70 2013
23 Guyana 8.50 2010
24 Ghana 8.40 2013
25 Ethiopia 8.20 2015
26 Cameroon 7.60 2016
27 Dominican Republic 7.40 2016
28 Madagascar 6.70 2013
28 Malawi 6.70 2014
30 Uganda 6.30 2013
30 Kenya 6.30 2013
32 Tajikistan 6.10 2013
33 Senegal 6.00 2014
34 Uzbekistan 5.70 2013
35 Togo 5.50 2016
36 Mauritania 5.30 2014
37 Guinea-Bissau 5.20 2006
37 Zambia 5.20 2013
39 Solomon Islands 4.90 2015
40 Angola 4.70 2010
41 Gabon 4.60 2009
41 Samoa 4.60 2009
43 Zimbabwe 4.50 2016
43 Guinea 4.50 2016
43 Liberia 4.50 2017
46 St. Kitts and Nevis 4.20 2010
46 Mali 4.20 2016
48 Botswana 4.10 2010
48 Sri Lanka 4.10 2011
48 Albania 4.10 2013
51 Rwanda 4.00 2011
52 Swaziland 3.70 2016
53 Côte d'Ivoire 3.50 2016
54 Sudan 3.40 2014
55 Algeria 3.20 2007
55 Cabo Verde 3.20 2009
57 St. Lucia 3.00 2010
58 Dominica 2.80 2010
58 Antigua and Barbuda 2.80 2010
60 Montenegro 2.60 2013
60 Venezuela 2.60 2010
62 Belize 2.50 2010
62 Jamaica 2.50 2010
64 Honduras 2.40 2016
65 Lesotho 2.20 2016
65 The Bahamas 2.20 2010
65 Guatemala 2.20 2010
68 Tonga 2.00 2009
69 Argentina 1.90 2010
70 Egypt 1.80 2016
71 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.70 2010
71 Paraguay 1.70 2017
71 Turkey 1.70 2013
74 Brazil 1.60 2009
74 Mexico 1.60 2010
74 Vanuatu 1.60 2009
74 Nicaragua 1.60 2016
74 Mozambique 1.60 2007
74 Djibouti 1.60 2013
80 Romania 1.40 2013
80 Cambodia 1.40 2016
80 Fiji 1.40 2009
83 Costa Rica 1.30 2010
84 El Salvador 1.20 2016
84 Bulgaria 1.20 2013
84 Ecuador 1.20 2017
84 Macedonia 1.20 2013
84 Mauritius 1.20 2009
89 Barbados 1.10 2010
90 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.00 2013
90 Mongolia 1.00 2013
90 Georgia 1.00 2013
90 Croatia 1.00 2013
94 Lao PDR 0.90 2016
94 South Africa 0.90 2007
94 Kyrgyz Republic 0.90 2013
97 Timor-Leste 0.80 2015
98 Grenada 0.70 2010
98 Suriname 0.70 2010
98 Chile 0.70 2010
101 Bolivia 0.60 2017
101 Colombia 0.60 2010
101 Azerbaijan 0.60 2013
101 Namibia 0.60 2014
101 Estonia 0.60 2013
101 Serbia 0.60 2013
101 Morocco 0.60 2013
101 Panama 0.60 2010
101 Peru 0.60 2010
110 Trinidad and Tobago 0.50 2010
110 Eritrea 0.50 2009
110 Kazakhstan 0.50 2013
110 Slovak Republic 0.50 2013
110 Indonesia 0.50 2015
115 Bhutan 0.40 2015
115 Czech Republic 0.40 2013
117 Russia 0.30 2012
117 Tunisia 0.30 2013
117 Latvia 0.30 2013
117 Hungary 0.30 2013
117 Moldova 0.30 2013
117 Ukraine 0.30 2013
117 Armenia 0.30 2013
124 Thailand 0.20 2016
124 Vietnam 0.20 2015
124 Jordan 0.20 2013
124 Lithuania 0.20 2013
124 Poland 0.20 2013
124 Slovenia 0.20 2013
130 Uruguay 0.10 2010
130 Israel 0.10 2013
130 Belarus 0.10 2013
130 Malaysia 0.10 2015
130 Philippines 0.10 2015
130 China 0.10 2012

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Development Relevance: Firms evaluating investment options, governments interested in improving business conditions, and economists seeking to explain economic performance have all grappled with defining and measuring the business environment. The firm-level data from Enterprise Surveys provide a useful tool for benchmarking economies across a large number of indicators measured at the firm level. International trade can be beneficial for firms in terms of less expensive inputs for manufacturing and new markets for exporting finished products and services. Time spent waiting for imports and exports to clear customs can be costly for firms and deter them from engaging in trade or making them uncompetitive globally.

Limitations and Exceptions: The sampling methodology for Enterprise Surveys is stratified random sampling. In a simple random sample, all members of the population have the same probability of being selected and no weighting of the observations is necessary. In a stratified random sample, all population units are grouped within homogeneous groups and simple random samples are selected within each group. This method allows computing estimates for each of the strata with a specified level of precision while population estimates can also be estimated by properly weighting individual observations. The sampling weights take care of the varying probabilities of selection across different strata. Under certain conditions, estimates' precision under stratified random sampling will be higher than under simple random sampling (lower standard errors may result from the estimation procedure). The strata for Enterprise Surveys are firm size, business sector, and geographic region within a country. Firm size levels are 5-19 (small), 20-99 (medium), and 100+ employees (large-sized firms). Since in most economies, the majority of firms are small and medium-sized, Enterprise Surveys oversample large firms since larger firms tend to be engines of job creation. Sector breakdown is usually manufacturing, retail, and other services. For larger economies, specific manufacturing sub-sectors are selected as additional strata on the basis of employment, value-added, and total number of establishments figures. Geographic regions within a country are selected based on which cities/regions collectively contain the majority of economic activity. Ideally the survey sample frame is derived from the universe of eligible firms obtained from the country’s statistical office. Sometimes the master list of firms is obtained from other government agencies such as tax or business licensing authorities. In some cases, the list of firms is obtained from business associations or marketing databases. In a few cases, the sample frame is created via block enumeration, where the World Bank “manually” constructs a list of eligible firms after 1) partitioning a country’s cities of major economic activity into clusters and blocks, 2) randomly selecting a subset of blocks which will then be enumerated. In surveys conducted since 2005-06, survey documentation which explains the source of the sample frame and any special circumstances encountered during survey fieldwork are included with the collected datasets. Obtaining panel data, i.e. interviews with the same firms across multiple years, is a priority in current Enterprise Surveys. When conducting a new Enterprise Survey in a country where data was previously collected, maximal effort is expended to re-interview as many firms (from the prior survey) as possible. For these panel firms, sampling weights can be adjusted to take into account the resulting altered probabilities of inclusion in the sample frame.

Original Source Notes: All surveys were administered using the Enterprise Surveys methodology as outlined in the Methodology page which can be found from www.enterprisesurveys.org.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Firm-level surveys have been conducted since the 1990's by different units within the World Bank. Since 2005-06, most data collection efforts have been centralized within the Enterprise Analysis Unit. Surveys implemented by the Enterprise Analysis Unit follow the Global Methodology. Private contractors conduct the Enterprise Surveys on behalf of the World Bank. Due to sensitive survey questions addressing business-government relations and bribery-related topics, private contractors, rather than any government agency or an organization/institution associated with government, are hired by the World Bank to collect the data. Confidentiality of the survey respondents and the sensitive information they provide is necessary to ensure the greatest degree of survey participation, integrity and confidence in the quality of the data. Surveys are usually carried out in cooperation with business organizations and government agencies promoting job creation and economic growth, but confidentiality is never compromised. The Enterprise Survey is answered by business owners and top managers. Sometimes the survey respondent calls company accountants and human resource managers into the interview to answer questions in the sales and labor sections of the survey. Typically 1200-1800 interviews are conducted in larger economies, 360 interviews are conducted in medium-sized economies, and for smaller economies, 150 interviews take place. The manufacturing and services sectors are the primary business sectors of interest. This corresponds to firms classified with ISIC codes 15-37, 45, 50-52, 55, 60-64, and 72 (ISIC Rev.3.1). Formal (registered) companies with 5 or more employees are targeted for interview. Services firms include construction, retail, wholesale, hotels, restaurants, transport, storage, communications, and IT. Firms with 100% government/state ownership are not eligible to participate in an Enterprise Survey. Occasionally, for a few surveyed countries, other sectors are included in the companies surveyed such as education or health-related businesses. In each country, businesses in the cities/regions of major economic activity are interviewed. In some countries, other surveys, which depart from the usual Enterprise Survey methodology, are conducted. Examples include 1) Informal Surveys- surveys of informal (unregistered) enterprises, 2) Micro Surveys- surveys fielded to registered firms with less than five employees, and 3) Financial Crisis Assessment Surveys- short surveys administered by telephone to assess the effects of the global financial crisis of 2008-09. The Enterprise Surveys Unit uses two instruments: the Manufacturing Questionnaire and the Services Questionnaire. Although many questions overlap, some are only applicable to one type of business. For example, retail firms are not asked about production and nonproduction workers. The standard Enterprise Survey topics include firm characteristics, gender participation, access to finance, annual sales, costs of inputs/labor, workforce composition, bribery, licensing, infrastructure, trade, crime, competition, capacity utilization, land and permits, taxation, informality, business-government relations, innovation and technology, and performance measures. Over 90% of the questions objectively ascertain characteristics of a country’s business environment. The remaining questions assess the survey respondents’ opinions on what are the obstacles to firm growth and performance. The mode of data collection is face-to-face interviews.

Aggregation method: Unweighted average

Periodicity: Annual