Time to obtain an electrical connection (days) - Country Ranking

Definition: The average wait, in days, experienced to obtain an electrical connection from the day an establishment applies for it to the day it receives the service.

Source: World Bank, Enterprise Surveys (http://www.enterprisesurveys.org/).

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Suriname 262.30 2018
2 Ethiopia 194.30 2015
3 Benin 193.20 2016
4 Russia 120.40 2012
5 Syrian Arab Republic 118.40 2009
6 Afghanistan 111.30 2014
7 Mongolia 93.90 2013
8 Bangladesh 84.70 2013
9 Pakistan 82.80 2013
10 Peru 79.00 2017
11 Kenya 78.90 2018
12 Egypt 76.90 2016
13 Togo 71.90 2016
14 Chad 69.60 2018
15 Yemen 68.20 2010
16 Poland 65.80 2013
17 Slovenia 63.30 2013
18 Colombia 59.60 2017
19 Serbia 57.90 2013
20 Czech Republic 57.80 2013
21 Lebanon 56.00 2013
22 Israel 55.30 2013
23 Kyrgyz Republic 54.60 2013
24 Argentina 53.50 2017
25 Tanzania 52.60 2013
26 Romania 51.80 2013
27 Malawi 50.40 2014
28 Bulgaria 49.60 2013
29 Algeria 49.10 2007
30 Papua New Guinea 47.10 2015
31 Bosnia and Herzegovina 45.10 2013
32 Ghana 44.70 2013
33 Lithuania 42.90 2013
34 Sri Lanka 42.40 2011
34 Croatia 42.40 2013
36 Côte d'Ivoire 39.80 2016
37 Botswana 39.20 2010
38 Slovak Republic 39.10 2013
39 Costa Rica 39.00 2010
40 Guyana 36.90 2010
41 Myanmar 36.50 2016
42 El Salvador 35.40 2016
43 Gabon 34.50 2009
44 Uruguay 34.20 2017
45 Djibouti 34.10 2013
46 Montenegro 31.80 2013
47 Kazakhstan 31.60 2013
48 Rwanda 31.40 2011
49 Nicaragua 31.00 2016
50 Liberia 30.60 2017
51 Cabo Verde 30.50 2009
52 The Gambia 30.10 2018
52 Mali 30.10 2016
54 Bolivia 30.00 2017
55 North Macedonia 28.90 2013
56 Niger 28.60 2017
57 Ireland 28.30 2005
58 Thailand 27.90 2006
59 Brazil 27.70 2009
60 Guatemala 27.50 2017
61 Honduras 25.90 2016
62 Burundi 25.30 2014
63 Senegal 24.80 2014
64 Barbados 24.70 2010
65 Sweden 24.30 2014
66 Madagascar 24.00 2013
67 Hungary 23.60 2013
68 Burkina Faso 23.10 2009
69 Grenada 22.90 2010
70 Zimbabwe 22.20 2016
71 Sierra Leone 22.00 2017
72 India 21.90 2014
73 Belarus 21.60 2013
74 Nepal 21.30 2013
74 Bhutan 21.30 2015
76 Chile 21.10 2010
77 Jamaica 20.50 2010
77 Guinea-Bissau 20.50 2006
79 Namibia 20.30 2014
80 Iraq 19.60 2011
81 Tajikistan 19.20 2013
82 Fiji 19.00 2009
83 Zambia 18.90 2013
84 Trinidad and Tobago 18.80 2010
85 Philippines 18.60 2015
85 Mauritius 18.60 2009
87 Vietnam 18.50 2015
88 Mozambique 18.10 2018
88 Ecuador 18.10 2017
88 Uganda 18.10 2013
91 Mexico 17.10 2010
92 Dominican Republic 16.70 2016
93 Cameroon 16.20 2016
94 Mauritania 16.10 2014
95 Dem. Rep. Congo 16.00 2013
96 South Africa 15.80 2007
97 St. Kitts and Nevis 15.70 2010
98 Vanuatu 15.30 2009
98 Estonia 15.30 2013
100 Lao PDR 14.70 2018
100 The Bahamas 14.70 2010
102 Venezuela 13.90 2010
103 Morocco 13.80 2013
104 Jordan 13.10 2013
105 Lesotho 12.20 2016
106 Paraguay 12.10 2017
107 Solomon Islands 12.00 2015
108 Central African Republic 11.80 2011
109 Greece 11.60 2018
110 Eswatini 11.30 2016
111 Moldova 10.50 2013
112 Samoa 9.80 2009
113 Timor-Leste 9.50 2015
114 Nigeria 9.40 2014
115 Spain 9.30 2005
116 Albania 9.20 2013
116 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 9.20 2010
118 Georgia 8.70 2013
119 Congo 8.50 2009
120 Turkey 8.30 2013
120 Tonga 8.30 2009
122 Cambodia 7.90 2016
123 Angola 7.70 2010
124 Guinea 7.40 2016
125 China 6.90 2012
126 Ukraine 6.70 2013
126 Antigua and Barbuda 6.70 2010
128 St. Lucia 6.30 2010
129 Uzbekistan 6.20 2013
130 Belize 6.10 2010
131 Indonesia 6.00 2015
132 Sudan 5.80 2014
133 Portugal 5.70 2005
134 Dominica 5.60 2010
135 Latvia 4.90 2013
136 Armenia 4.80 2013
137 Azerbaijan 4.00 2013
138 Korea 3.90 2005
139 Germany 3.20 2005
140 Panama 1.80 2010
140 Malaysia 1.80 2015

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Development Relevance: Firms evaluating investment options, governments interested in improving business conditions, and economists seeking to explain economic performance have all grappled with defining and measuring the business environment. The firm-level data from Enterprise Surveys provide a useful tool for benchmarking economies across a large number of indicators measured at the firm level. International trade can be beneficial for firms in terms of less expensive inputs for manufacturing and new markets for exporting finished products and services. Time spent waiting for imports and exports to clear customs can be costly for firms and deter them from engaging in trade or making them uncompetitive globally.

Limitations and Exceptions: The sampling methodology for Enterprise Surveys is stratified random sampling. In a simple random sample, all members of the population have the same probability of being selected and no weighting of the observations is necessary. In a stratified random sample, all population units are grouped within homogeneous groups and simple random samples are selected within each group. This method allows computing estimates for each of the strata with a specified level of precision while population estimates can also be estimated by properly weighting individual observations. The sampling weights take care of the varying probabilities of selection across different strata. Under certain conditions, estimates' precision under stratified random sampling will be higher than under simple random sampling (lower standard errors may result from the estimation procedure). The strata for Enterprise Surveys are firm size, business sector, and geographic region within a country. Firm size levels are 5-19 (small), 20-99 (medium), and 100+ employees (large-sized firms). Since in most economies, the majority of firms are small and medium-sized, Enterprise Surveys oversample large firms since larger firms tend to be engines of job creation. Sector breakdown is usually manufacturing, retail, and other services. For larger economies, specific manufacturing sub-sectors are selected as additional strata on the basis of employment, value-added, and total number of establishments figures. Geographic regions within a country are selected based on which cities/regions collectively contain the majority of economic activity. Ideally the survey sample frame is derived from the universe of eligible firms obtained from the country’s statistical office. Sometimes the master list of firms is obtained from other government agencies such as tax or business licensing authorities. In some cases, the list of firms is obtained from business associations or marketing databases. In a few cases, the sample frame is created via block enumeration, where the World Bank “manually” constructs a list of eligible firms after 1) partitioning a country’s cities of major economic activity into clusters and blocks, 2) randomly selecting a subset of blocks which will then be enumerated. In surveys conducted since 2005-06, survey documentation which explains the source of the sample frame and any special circumstances encountered during survey fieldwork are included with the collected datasets. Obtaining panel data, i.e. interviews with the same firms across multiple years, is a priority in current Enterprise Surveys. When conducting a new Enterprise Survey in a country where data was previously collected, maximal effort is expended to re-interview as many firms (from the prior survey) as possible. For these panel firms, sampling weights can be adjusted to take into account the resulting altered probabilities of inclusion in the sample frame.

Original Source Notes: All surveys were administered using the Enterprise Surveys methodology as outlined in the Methodology page which can be found from www.enterprisesurveys.org.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Firm-level surveys have been conducted since the 1990's by different units within the World Bank. Since 2005-06, most data collection efforts have been centralized within the Enterprise Analysis Unit. Surveys implemented by the Enterprise Analysis Unit follow the Global Methodology. Private contractors conduct the Enterprise Surveys on behalf of the World Bank. Due to sensitive survey questions addressing business-government relations and bribery-related topics, private contractors, rather than any government agency or an organization/institution associated with government, are hired by the World Bank to collect the data. Confidentiality of the survey respondents and the sensitive information they provide is necessary to ensure the greatest degree of survey participation, integrity and confidence in the quality of the data. Surveys are usually carried out in cooperation with business organizations and government agencies promoting job creation and economic growth, but confidentiality is never compromised. The Enterprise Survey is answered by business owners and top managers. Sometimes the survey respondent calls company accountants and human resource managers into the interview to answer questions in the sales and labor sections of the survey. Typically 1200-1800 interviews are conducted in larger economies, 360 interviews are conducted in medium-sized economies, and for smaller economies, 150 interviews take place. The manufacturing and services sectors are the primary business sectors of interest. This corresponds to firms classified with ISIC codes 15-37, 45, 50-52, 55, 60-64, and 72 (ISIC Rev.3.1). Formal (registered) companies with 5 or more employees are targeted for interview. Services firms include construction, retail, wholesale, hotels, restaurants, transport, storage, communications, and IT. Firms with 100% government/state ownership are not eligible to participate in an Enterprise Survey. Occasionally, for a few surveyed countries, other sectors are included in the companies surveyed such as education or health-related businesses. In each country, businesses in the cities/regions of major economic activity are interviewed. In some countries, other surveys, which depart from the usual Enterprise Survey methodology, are conducted. Examples include 1) Informal Surveys- surveys of informal (unregistered) enterprises, 2) Micro Surveys- surveys fielded to registered firms with less than five employees, and 3) Financial Crisis Assessment Surveys- short surveys administered by telephone to assess the effects of the global financial crisis of 2008-09. The Enterprise Surveys Unit uses two instruments: the Manufacturing Questionnaire and the Services Questionnaire. Although many questions overlap, some are only applicable to one type of business. For example, retail firms are not asked about production and nonproduction workers. The standard Enterprise Survey topics include firm characteristics, gender participation, access to finance, annual sales, costs of inputs/labor, workforce composition, bribery, licensing, infrastructure, trade, crime, competition, capacity utilization, land and permits, taxation, informality, business-government relations, innovation and technology, and performance measures. Over 90% of the questions objectively ascertain characteristics of a country’s business environment. The remaining questions assess the survey respondents’ opinions on what are the obstacles to firm growth and performance. The mode of data collection is face-to-face interviews.

Aggregation method: Unweighted average

Periodicity: Annual