Subsidies and other transfers (% of expense) - Country Ranking

Definition: Subsidies, grants, and other social benefits include all unrequited, nonrepayable transfers on current account to private and public enterprises; grants to foreign governments, international organizations, and other government units; and social security, social assistance benefits, and employer social benefits in cash and in kind.

Source: International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Belgium 82.22 2015
2 Germany 81.99 2015
3 Netherlands 77.31 2015
4 Switzerland 75.14 2016
5 Czech Republic 74.89 2015
6 Austria 73.57 2015
7 Finland 72.99 2015
8 Sweden 72.54 2015
9 Canada 71.42 2016
10 Russia 71.20 2016
11 Belarus 69.84 2016
12 Kazakhstan 69.77 2016
13 Macedonia 68.79 2012
14 Japan 68.67 2015
15 Australia 67.40 2016
16 Luxembourg 66.02 2015
17 Spain 65.97 2015
18 United States 65.59 2016
19 Mexico 64.26 2016
20 Ethiopia 63.67 2011
21 India 63.11 2013
22 Moldova 62.66 2016
23 Argentina 62.21 2016
24 Korea 61.85 2015
25 Nepal 61.59 2016
26 Lithuania 61.43 2015
27 Estonia 61.34 2015
28 Ukraine 60.99 2016
29 South Africa 60.86 2015
30 Mongolia 60.13 2013
31 United Kingdom 58.16 2015
32 Serbia 55.97 2012
33 Croatia 55.95 2014
34 France 54.86 2015
35 Turkey 52.67 2015
36 Albania 51.98 2016
37 Indonesia 51.20 2016
38 Georgia 50.84 2016
39 Brazil 50.27 2015
40 Italy 49.58 2015
41 Hungary 48.18 2015
42 Papua New Guinea 48.00 2016
43 Colombia 47.85 2015
44 Bosnia and Herzegovina 47.22 2016
45 Bolivia 46.71 2007
46 Slovak Republic 46.31 2015
47 New Zealand 46.29 2016
48 Tunisia 46.20 2012
49 Poland 45.38 2015
50 Algeria 44.91 2011
51 Trinidad and Tobago 44.57 2014
52 Norway 44.44 2015
53 Chile 44.31 2016
54 Portugal 43.47 2015
55 Slovenia 43.38 2015
56 Peru 43.02 2015
57 Uruguay 42.94 2014
58 Egypt 42.80 2013
59 Greece 42.35 2015
60 San Marino 42.03 2016
61 Azerbaijan 41.96 2015
62 Ireland 40.28 2015
63 Barbados 40.25 2013
64 Kyrgyz Republic 40.12 2016
65 Senegal 40.06 2016
66 Tanzania 39.53 2014
67 Morocco 39.22 2011
68 Samoa 39.00 2016
69 Malaysia 38.77 2015
70 Israel 38.31 2015
71 Botswana 38.22 1996
72 Armenia 37.28 2015
73 Cyprus 37.18 2015
74 Rwanda 36.71 2016
75 Latvia 35.85 2015
76 Jordan 35.58 2013
77 Lebanon 35.56 2016
78 Mauritius 35.33 2016
79 Malta 35.22 2015
80 Fiji 34.95 2013
81 Namibia 34.88 2015
82 Dem. Rep. Congo 34.48 2010
83 Iran 34.32 2009
84 Romania 33.99 2015
85 Ghana 33.89 2010
86 Equatorial Guinea 33.43 2009
87 Bahrain 33.06 2013
88 Sri Lanka 32.37 2016
89 Guatemala 31.92 2013
90 Nicaragua 31.81 2016
91 Bangladesh 31.77 2015
92 Macao SAR, China 31.74 2016
93 Thailand 31.59 2016
94 Burundi 31.08 2013
95 Kenya 30.61 2015
96 Iraq 30.29 2016
97 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 28.61 2014
97 St. Kitts and Nevis 28.61 2014
99 El Salvador 28.47 2015
100 Malawi 28.34 2016
101 Uganda 27.85 2016
102 Iceland 27.60 2015
103 Antigua and Barbuda 27.44 2014
104 Philippines 27.20 2016
105 Cabo Verde 27.11 2009
106 Paraguay 26.96 2015
107 Suriname 26.58 2012
108 The Bahamas 26.36 2015
109 Seychelles 26.15 2016
110 Belize 25.99 2014
111 Swaziland 25.95 2012
112 Congo 25.16 2012
113 Pakistan 24.81 2011
114 Nigeria 24.57 2013
115 Benin 24.50 2013
116 Syrian Arab Republic 24.45 2009
117 Singapore 23.73 2016
118 Costa Rica 23.55 2015
119 Mali 23.45 2016
120 Liberia 22.02 2013
121 Kiribati 21.31 2016
122 United Arab Emirates 21.20 2016
123 Oman 21.09 2013
124 Cambodia 20.67 2016
125 St. Lucia 20.57 2014
126 Central African Republic 20.44 2011
127 Dominica 20.08 2014
128 Angola 19.47 2015
129 São Tomé and Principe 18.64 2012
130 Lesotho 18.40 2013
131 Grenada 18.31 2014
132 Togo 17.87 2016
133 Mozambique 17.83 2012
134 Dominican Republic 17.16 2016
135 Kuwait 16.52 2015
136 Qatar 15.75 2010
137 Denmark 15.27 2015
138 Timor-Leste 14.90 2015
139 Vanuatu 14.37 2011
140 Burkina Faso 13.50 2016
141 Sierra Leone 13.29 2014
142 Palau 12.87 2016
143 The Gambia 11.91 2009
144 Bulgaria 10.05 2015
145 Côte d'Ivoire 9.98 2014
146 Jamaica 8.19 2015
147 Madagascar 7.85 2014
148 Lao PDR 7.37 2015
149 Solomon Islands 6.67 2016
150 Bhutan 5.74 2016
151 Zambia 3.94 2011
152 Honduras 2.01 2015
153 Zimbabwe 0.86 2012

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Limitations and Exceptions: For most countries central government finance data have been consolidated into one account, but for others only budgetary central government accounts are available. Countries reporting budgetary data are noted in the country metadata. Because budgetary accounts may not include all central government units (such as social security funds), they usually provide an incomplete picture. In federal states the central government accounts provide an incomplete view of total public finance. Data on government revenue and expense are collected by the IMF through questionnaires to member countries and by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Despite IMF efforts to standardize data collection, statistics are often incomplete, untimely, and not comparable across countries.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The IMF's Government Finance Statistics Manual 2014, harmonized with the 2008 SNA, recommends an accrual accounting method, focusing on all economic events affecting assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses, not just those represented by cash transactions. It accounts for all changes in stocks, so stock data at the end of an accounting period equal stock data at the beginning of the period plus flows over the period. The 1986 manual considered only debt stocks. Government finance statistics are reported in local currency. Many countries report government finance data by fiscal year; see country metadata for information on fiscal year end by country.

Aggregation method: Median

Periodicity: Annual