Net acquisition of financial assets (% of GDP) - Country Ranking

Definition: Net acquisition of government financial assets includes domestic and foreign financial claims, SDRs, and gold bullion held by monetary authorities as a reserve asset. The net acquisition of financial assets should be offset by the net incurrence of liabilities.

Source: International Monetary Fund, Government Finance Statistics Yearbook and data files.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Kiribati 20.45 2016
2 Singapore 15.94 2016
3 Congo 14.31 2012
4 Macao SAR, China 11.48 2016
5 Lesotho 9.86 2013
6 Ethiopia 9.61 2011
7 Palau 8.98 2016
8 Bahrain 7.00 2013
9 San Marino 6.85 2007
10 Barbados 5.86 2013
11 Mauritius 5.64 2016
12 Cabo Verde 5.34 2008
13 Zambia 5.26 2011
14 Malawi 5.14 2016
15 New Zealand 5.11 2008
16 Oman 5.09 2013
17 Mongolia 5.08 2013
18 Swaziland 5.02 2012
19 Nepal 4.98 2016
20 Ukraine 4.59 2016
21 Finland 4.36 1994
22 Botswana 4.29 2014
23 Burundi 3.89 2013
24 Korea 3.86 2015
25 Uzbekistan 3.54 2015
26 Bhutan 3.16 2016
27 Algeria 3.10 2011
28 Dem. Rep. Congo 2.97 2010
29 Paraguay 2.89 2014
30 Rwanda 2.88 2016
31 Togo 2.73 2016
32 Argentina 2.72 2016
33 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.59 2016
34 Morocco 2.53 2011
35 Macedonia 2.47 2012
36 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.43 2014
37 Seychelles 2.42 2016
38 Thailand 2.42 2016
39 Bangladesh 2.41 2015
40 Uruguay 2.14 2015
41 Turkey 2.14 2015
42 Senegal 2.13 2016
43 St. Kitts and Nevis 2.08 2014
44 Cambodia 1.94 2016
45 Syrian Arab Republic 1.87 2007
46 Mexico 1.78 2016
47 Uganda 1.70 2016
48 Spain 1.69 2015
49 Austria 1.65 1994
50 Guatemala 1.65 2013
51 Luxembourg 1.57 2015
52 Burkina Faso 1.56 2016
53 Tanzania 1.55 2014
54 Suriname 1.53 2012
55 Belarus 1.52 2016
56 The Bahamas 1.50 2015
57 Georgia 1.44 2016
58 Kenya 1.41 2015
59 Papua New Guinea 1.36 2016
60 Honduras 1.36 2015
61 Germany 1.23 1990
62 Madagascar 1.22 2014
63 Kyrgyz Republic 1.21 2016
64 Australia 1.18 2016
65 India 1.14 2013
66 United States 1.13 2016
67 Portugal 1.08 1994
68 United Arab Emirates 0.96 2016
69 Mozambique 0.94 2012
70 Bolivia 0.94 2007
71 Serbia 0.93 2012
72 Côte d'Ivoire 0.92 2014
73 Moldova 0.85 2016
74 Timor-Leste 0.77 2015
75 Indonesia 0.77 2016
76 Chile 0.62 2016
77 Angola 0.61 2015
78 South Africa 0.57 2015
79 Armenia 0.57 2015
80 Dominican Republic 0.53 2016
81 Egypt 0.44 2012
82 Romania 0.44 1994
83 Albania 0.41 2016
84 Fiji 0.36 2013
85 Poland 0.35 1994
86 Malaysia 0.29 2015
87 Belize 0.17 2014
88 Hungary 0.16 2015
89 Trinidad and Tobago 0.14 2014
90 Lao PDR 0.06 2015
91 Nigeria 0.00 2013
92 Iran 0.00 2009
92 Greece 0.00 1990
92 Switzerland 0.00 1989
92 Denmark 0.00 1989
92 Liberia 0.00 2010
92 Sweden 0.00 1989
98 Brazil -0.01 2015
99 United Kingdom -0.05 2015
100 Sri Lanka -0.08 2016
101 Benin -0.13 2013
102 Cyprus -0.28 1994
103 Grenada -0.37 2014
104 Samoa -0.41 2016
105 Italy -0.41 1991
106 Lebanon -0.44 2016
107 Japan -0.50 2015
108 Norway -0.58 1994
109 Mali -0.65 2016
110 Ghana -0.65 2010
111 São Tomé and Principe -0.70 2012
112 Vietnam -0.70 2002
113 Czech Republic -0.73 2015
114 Vanuatu -0.77 2011
115 Bulgaria -0.80 2015
116 Russia -0.80 2016
117 Croatia -0.83 2014
118 Afghanistan -0.83 2015
119 Israel -0.92 1999
120 Iraq -0.95 2016
121 Colombia -1.29 2015
122 France -1.46 1994
123 Peru -1.53 2015
124 Philippines -1.60 2016
125 Malta -1.76 1994
126 Dominica -1.78 2014
127 Kazakhstan -1.95 2016
128 Iceland -2.03 2013
129 Equatorial Guinea -2.11 2009
130 El Salvador -2.13 2015
131 Netherlands -2.24 2015
132 Namibia -2.33 2014
133 Tunisia -2.34 2012
134 St. Lucia -2.42 2014
135 Jamaica -2.70 2015
136 Ireland -2.91 2015
137 Solomon Islands -3.12 2016
138 Azerbaijan -3.79 2015
139 Antigua and Barbuda -3.98 2014
140 The Gambia -4.29 2009

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Limitations and Exceptions: For most countries central government finance data have been consolidated into one account, but for others only budgetary central government accounts are available. Countries reporting budgetary data are noted in the country metadata. Because budgetary accounts may not include all central government units (such as social security funds), they usually provide an incomplete picture. In federal states the central government accounts provide an incomplete view of total public finance. Data on government revenue and expense are collected by the IMF through questionnaires to member countries and by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Despite IMF efforts to standardize data collection, statistics are often incomplete, untimely, and not comparable across countries.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The IMF's Government Finance Statistics Manual 2014, harmonized with the 2008 SNA, recommends an accrual accounting method, focusing on all economic events affecting assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses, not just those represented by cash transactions. It accounts for all changes in stocks, so stock data at the end of an accounting period equal stock data at the beginning of the period plus flows over the period. The 1986 manual considered only debt stocks. Government finance statistics are reported in local currency. Many countries report government finance data by fiscal year; see country metadata for information on fiscal year end by country.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual