Bird species, threatened - Country Ranking

Definition: Birds are listed for countries included within their breeding or wintering ranges. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.

Source: United Nations Environmental Program and the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, and International Union for Conservation of Nature, Red List of Threatened Species.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Brazil 175.00 2018
2 Indonesia 160.00 2018
3 Colombia 126.00 2018
4 Peru 119.00 2018
5 Ecuador 106.00 2018
6 China 96.00 2018
7 India 93.00 2018
7 Philippines 93.00 2018
9 United States 91.00 2018
10 Mexico 71.00 2018
11 New Zealand 69.00 2018
12 Malaysia 63.00 2018
13 Thailand 62.00 2018
14 Russia 57.00 2018
15 Myanmar 56.00 2018
16 Bolivia 55.00 2018
17 South Africa 54.00 2018
18 Argentina 52.00 2018
18 Australia 52.00 2018
18 Vietnam 52.00 2018
18 Venezuela 52.00 2018
22 Tanzania 49.00 2018
22 Japan 49.00 2018
24 Kenya 44.00 2018
25 Dem. Rep. Congo 42.00 2018
26 Papua New Guinea 39.00 2018
27 Nepal 38.00 2018
28 Madagascar 37.00 2018
29 Bangladesh 36.00 2018
30 Ethiopia 35.00 2018
30 Chile 35.00 2018
32 Korea 33.00 2018
32 Pakistan 33.00 2018
34 Angola 32.00 2018
34 Namibia 32.00 2018
36 Brunei 31.00 2018
36 Cambodia 31.00 2018
38 Uganda 30.00 2018
38 Mozambique 30.00 2018
40 Cameroon 29.00 2018
40 Lao PDR 29.00 2018
40 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 29.00 2018
43 Iran 28.00 2018
44 Paraguay 27.00 2018
44 Costa Rica 27.00 2018
44 Kazakhstan 27.00 2018
47 Sudan 26.00 2018
48 Panama 25.00 2018
48 Côte d'Ivoire 25.00 2018
50 Canada 24.00 2018
50 Mongolia 24.00 2018
50 Solomon Islands 24.00 2018
53 Ghana 23.00 2018
54 Uruguay 22.00 2018
54 Singapore 22.00 2018
56 Bhutan 21.00 2018
56 Hong Kong SAR, China 21.00 2018
56 Nigeria 21.00 2018
56 Somalia 21.00 2018
56 Eritrea 21.00 2018
61 Guinea 20.00 2018
61 Turkey 20.00 2018
61 Zambia 20.00 2018
61 Rwanda 20.00 2018
65 Zimbabwe 19.00 2018
65 Malawi 19.00 2018
65 Turkmenistan 19.00 2018
65 Spain 19.00 2018
65 Mauritania 19.00 2018
65 Senegal 19.00 2018
65 Cuba 19.00 2018
65 Uzbekistan 19.00 2018
73 Morocco 18.00 2018
73 Saudi Arabia 18.00 2018
73 Israel 18.00 2018
76 Italy 17.00 2018
76 Romania 17.00 2018
76 Mali 17.00 2018
76 Greece 17.00 2018
76 Bulgaria 17.00 2018
76 Iraq 17.00 2018
76 Syrian Arab Republic 17.00 2018
76 Dominican Republic 17.00 2018
76 Guatemala 17.00 2018
76 Nicaragua 17.00 2018
76 Ukraine 17.00 2018
76 Haiti 17.00 2018
76 Azerbaijan 17.00 2018
76 New Caledonia 17.00 2018
90 Yemen 16.00 2018
90 Sierra Leone 16.00 2018
90 Guyana 16.00 2018
90 Afghanistan 16.00 2018
90 France 16.00 2018
90 Chad 16.00 2018
90 Sri Lanka 16.00 2018
90 Botswana 16.00 2018
90 Central African Republic 16.00 2018
99 Burundi 15.00 2018
99 Tajikistan 15.00 2018
99 Algeria 15.00 2018
99 Kyrgyz Republic 15.00 2018
99 Portugal 15.00 2018
104 Armenia 14.00 2018
104 Egypt 14.00 2018
104 Jordan 14.00 2018
104 Comoros 14.00 2018
104 The Gambia 14.00 2018
104 Fiji 14.00 2018
104 Liberia 14.00 2018
104 Georgia 14.00 2018
104 Honduras 14.00 2018
104 Croatia 14.00 2018
114 Austria 13.00 2018
114 North Macedonia 13.00 2018
114 Seychelles 13.00 2018
114 Eswatini 13.00 2018
114 Montenegro 13.00 2018
114 Niger 13.00 2018
114 Serbia 13.00 2018
114 United Arab Emirates 13.00 2018
114 Togo 13.00 2018
114 Oman 13.00 2018
114 Hungary 13.00 2018
125 Slovak Republic 12.00 2018
125 Benin 12.00 2018
125 Burkina Faso 12.00 2018
125 Guinea-Bissau 12.00 2018
125 Mauritius 12.00 2018
125 São Tomé and Principe 12.00 2018
125 Djibouti 12.00 2018
132 Poland 11.00 2018
132 Jamaica 11.00 2018
132 Tunisia 11.00 2018
132 Latvia 11.00 2018
132 Puerto Rico 11.00 2018
132 Lebanon 11.00 2018
132 Finland 11.00 2018
132 United Kingdom 11.00 2018
132 Moldova 11.00 2018
132 Norway 11.00 2018
132 Germany 11.00 2018
132 Kuwait 11.00 2018
132 Sweden 11.00 2018
145 Netherlands 10.00 2018
145 Lithuania 10.00 2018
145 The Bahamas 10.00 2018
145 Slovenia 10.00 2018
149 Switzerland 9.00 2018
149 Czech Republic 9.00 2018
149 Belarus 9.00 2018
149 Denmark 9.00 2018
149 Ireland 9.00 2018
149 Qatar 9.00 2018
149 Estonia 9.00 2018
149 Suriname 9.00 2018
157 Belgium 8.00 2018
157 Libya 8.00 2018
157 Vanuatu 8.00 2018
157 Albania 8.00 2018
157 Lesotho 8.00 2018
162 Bahrain 7.00 2018
162 Bosnia and Herzegovina 7.00 2018
162 St. Lucia 7.00 2018
162 El Salvador 7.00 2018
162 Cyprus 7.00 2018
162 Congo 7.00 2018
162 Iceland 7.00 2018
162 Cabo Verde 7.00 2018
162 Dominica 7.00 2018
162 Gabon 7.00 2018
172 Timor-Leste 6.00 2018
172 Greenland 6.00 2018
172 Kiribati 6.00 2018
172 Belize 6.00 2018
172 Samoa 6.00 2018
172 Equatorial Guinea 6.00 2018
172 Palau 6.00 2018
179 Tonga 5.00 2018
179 Trinidad and Tobago 5.00 2018
179 Malta 5.00 2018
182 Barbados 4.00 2018
182 Macao SAR, China 4.00 2018
182 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.00 2018
185 Andorra 3.00 2018
185 Cayman Islands 3.00 2018
185 Luxembourg 3.00 2018
185 Antigua and Barbuda 3.00 2018
185 St. Kitts and Nevis 3.00 2018
190 Grenada 2.00 2018
190 Liechtenstein 2.00 2018
190 Nauru 2.00 2018
193 Tuvalu 1.00 2018
194 San Marino 0.00 2018
194 Monaco 0.00 2018

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Development Relevance: As threats to biodiversity mount, the international community is increasingly focusing on conserving diversity. The Red List Index for the world's birds shows that there has been a steady and continuing deterioration in the threat status of the world's birds since 1988, when the first complete global assessment was carried out. The number of threatened species is an important measure of the immediate need for conservation in an area. Global analyses of the status of threatened species have been carried out for few groups of organisms. Only for mammals, birds, and amphibians has the status of virtually all known species been assessed. Threatened species are defined using the International Union for Conservation of Nature's (IUCN) classification: endangered (in danger of extinction and unlikely to survive if causal factors continue operating) and vulnerable (likely to move into the endangered category in the near future if causal factors continue operating). The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species is widely recognized as the most comprehensive, objective global approach for evaluating the conservation status of plant and animal species. The IUCN guides conservation activities of governments, NGOs and scientific institutions. The IUCN draws on and mobilizes a network of scientists and partner organizations working in almost every country in the world, who collectively hold what is likely the most complete scientific knowledge base on the biology and conservation status of species. Globally, threatened birds occur worldwide - nearly all countries support one or more threatened bird species. Small islands hold disproportionately high numbers of Globally Threatened Birds, supporting over half of threatened species. Threatened seabirds are found throughout the world's oceans. The most important threats to the world's birds are the spread of agriculture and an ever increasing human use of biological resources. Direct threats to species are the proximate human activities or processes that have impacted, are impacting, or may impact the status of the taxon being assessed (e.g., unsustainable fishing or logging). Direct threats are synonymous with sources of stress and proximate pressures. Threats can be past (historical, unlikely to return or historical, likely to return), ongoing, and/or likely to occur in the future.

Limitations and Exceptions: Reporting the proportion of threatened species on the Red List is complicated by the fact that not all species groups have been fully evaluated, and also by the fact that some species have so little information available that they can only be assessed as Data Deficient (DD). For many of the incompletely evaluated groups, assessment efforts have focused on species that are likely to be threatened; therefore any percentage of threatened species reported for these groups would be heavily biased (i.e., the percentage of threatened species would likely be an overestimate). Since IUCN has evaluated extinction risk for less than 5 percent of the world's described species, IUCN cannot provide an overall estimate for how many of the planet's species are threatened. For those groups that have been comprehensively evaluated, the proportion of threatened species can be calculated, but the number of threatened species is often uncertain because it is not known whether Data Deficient species are actually threatened or not. Due to variations in consistency and methods of collection, data quality is highly variable across countries. Some countries update their information more frequently than others, some have more accurate data on extent of coverage, and many underreport the number or extent of protected areas. Also, because of differences in definitions, reporting practices, and reporting periods, cross-country comparability of threatened species is limited. In order to ensure global uniformity when describing the habitat in which a taxon (a taxonomic group of any rank) occurs, the threats to a taxon, what conservation actions are in place or are needed, and whether or not the taxon is utilized, a set of standard terms, called Classification Schemes, are being developed, for documenting taxonomy on the IUCN Red List.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Species assessed as Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) or Vulnerable (VU) are referred to as "threatened" species. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species collects and disseminates information on the global threated species. Proportion of threatened species is only reported for the more completely evaluated groups (i.e., >90% of species evaluated). Also, the reported percentage of threatened species for each group is presented as a best estimate within a range of possible values bounded by lower and upper estimates: Lower estimate = % threatened extant species if all Data Deficient species are not threatened, i.e., (CR + EN + VU) / (total assessed - EX) Best estimate = % threatened extant species if Data Deficient species are equally threatened as data sufficient species, i.e., (CR + EN + VU) / (total assessed - EX - DD) Upper estimate = % threatened extant species if all Data Deficient species are threatened, i.e., (CR + EN + VU + DD) / (total assessed - EX) Additional information on ecology and habitat preferences, threats, and conservation action are also collated and assessed as part of Red List process.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual