Nitrous oxide emissions in energy sector (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) - Country Ranking

Definition: Nitrous oxide emissions from energy processes are emissions produced by the combustion of fossil fuels and biofuels.

Source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 United States 65,719.10 2008
2 China 52,936.03 2008
3 India 26,994.98 2008
4 Japan 7,234.66 2008
5 Russia 7,221.50 2008
6 Brazil 7,098.09 2008
7 Canada 6,430.87 2008
8 Germany 5,660.70 2008
9 Indonesia 3,859.07 2008
10 Poland 3,835.85 2008
11 Australia 3,745.60 2008
12 Mexico 3,694.54 2008
13 Pakistan 3,584.04 2008
14 France 3,483.51 2008
15 Turkey 3,334.29 2008
16 Korea 3,280.16 2008
17 Italy 3,196.89 2008
18 Thailand 2,880.87 2008
19 Spain 2,687.19 2008
20 South Africa 2,683.31 2008
21 United Kingdom 2,529.55 2008
22 Nigeria 2,049.54 2008
23 Finland 1,994.40 2008
24 Iran 1,912.01 2008
25 Ethiopia 1,718.66 2008
26 Argentina 1,689.88 2008
27 Bangladesh 1,686.92 2008
28 Vietnam 1,617.57 2008
29 Egypt 1,500.24 2008
30 Czech Republic 1,439.65 2008
31 Dem. Rep. Congo 1,348.05 2008
32 Ukraine 1,324.53 2008
33 Kazakhstan 1,283.82 2008
34 Sweden 1,080.77 2008
35 Saudi Arabia 1,003.27 2008
36 Malaysia 880.55 2008
37 Myanmar 813.90 2008
38 Greece 799.28 2008
39 Netherlands 777.32 2008
40 Philippines 767.44 2008
41 Venezuela 736.59 2008
42 Belgium 714.08 2008
43 Austria 708.84 2008
44 Uganda 702.00 2008
45 Belarus 675.48 2008
46 Colombia 675.04 2008
47 Kenya 637.73 2008
48 Sudan 625.50 2008
49 Nepal 616.34 2008
50 Tanzania 616.18 2008
51 Romania 572.65 2008
52 Chile 558.04 2008
53 Morocco 548.33 2008
54 Denmark 536.44 2008
55 Portugal 531.77 2008
56 Yemen 480.41 2008
57 Ghana 458.76 2008
58 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 435.45 2008
59 Iraq 412.82 2008
60 Algeria 407.54 2008
61 Burkina Faso 399.26 2008
62 Uzbekistan 399.06 2008
63 Switzerland 390.11 2008
64 Slovak Republic 385.49 2008
65 Hungary 324.17 2008
66 Mozambique 322.20 2008
67 Ireland 315.49 2008
68 Madagascar 315.08 2008
69 Norway 311.38 2008
70 Bulgaria 299.21 2008
71 New Zealand 298.84 2008
72 Guatemala 288.18 2008
73 Sri Lanka 278.27 2008
74 Israel 275.43 2008
75 Cambodia 257.88 2008
76 Syrian Arab Republic 251.72 2008
77 Côte d'Ivoire 249.21 2008
78 Somalia 246.60 2008
79 Cameroon 235.83 2008
80 Guinea 225.56 2008
81 Zimbabwe 222.57 2008
82 Peru 219.41 2008
83 Dominican Republic 217.27 2008
84 Tunisia 214.31 2008
85 Zambia 213.21 2008
86 United Arab Emirates 210.00 2008
87 Niger 209.87 2008
88 Afghanistan 209.34 2008
89 Angola 196.82 2008
90 Croatia 196.65 2008
91 Hong Kong SAR, China 191.15 2008
92 Paraguay 185.80 2008
93 Cuba 179.90 2008
94 Kuwait 175.27 2008
95 Ecuador 174.35 2008
96 Burundi 167.28 2008
97 Latvia 164.49 2008
98 Chad 163.82 2008
99 Libya 160.80 2008
100 Mali 145.69 2008
101 Togo 142.08 2008
102 Azerbaijan 141.39 2008
103 Slovenia 137.73 2008
104 Bolivia 137.03 2008
105 Malawi 134.30 2008
106 Senegal 133.05 2008
107 Estonia 131.21 2008
108 Uruguay 130.85 2008
109 Benin 128.16 2008
110 Honduras 123.20 2008
111 Lao PDR 123.13 2008
112 El Salvador 122.06 2008
113 Lithuania 120.96 2008
114 Mongolia 120.55 2008
115 Namibia 119.82 2008
116 Haiti 116.00 2008
117 Rwanda 113.60 2008
118 Liberia 112.39 2008
119 Papua New Guinea 111.92 2008
120 Sierra Leone 111.38 2008
121 Nicaragua 110.81 2008
122 Bosnia and Herzegovina 105.08 2008
123 Jamaica 95.92 2008
124 Turkmenistan 91.13 2008
125 Oman 90.28 2008
126 Singapore 86.88 2008
127 Costa Rica 84.55 2008
128 Bhutan 84.11 2008
129 Luxembourg 82.43 2008
130 Qatar 81.33 2008
131 Panama 74.32 2008
132 Congo 73.25 2008
133 Eritrea 69.69 2008
134 Georgia 69.46 2008
135 Albania 68.26 2008
136 Lebanon 68.00 2008
137 Mauritania 65.62 2008
138 Central African Republic 61.54 2008
139 Jordan 58.67 2008
140 Botswana 57.06 2008
141 Moldova 53.88 2008
142 North Macedonia 46.22 2008
143 Lesotho 41.03 2008
144 Gabon 40.07 2008
145 Trinidad and Tobago 40.02 2008
146 Cyprus 37.62 2008
147 Bahrain 28.54 2008
148 Guyana 25.61 2008
149 Armenia 23.66 2008
150 Eswatini 22.65 2008
151 Kyrgyz Republic 22.41 2008
152 The Bahamas 21.99 2008
153 Tajikistan 20.74 2008
154 Equatorial Guinea 20.18 2008
155 The Gambia 18.55 2008
156 Brunei 16.14 2008
157 Iceland 15.08 2008
158 Mauritius 14.74 2008
159 Belize 13.82 2008
160 Guinea-Bissau 13.80 2008
161 Suriname 9.51 2008
162 Fiji 9.45 2008
163 Djibouti 9.00 2008
164 Barbados 7.39 2008
165 New Caledonia 5.90 2008
166 Malta 5.50 2008
167 Seychelles 4.73 2008
168 Solomon Islands 4.66 2008
169 Comoros 4.54 2008
170 Macao SAR, China 4.29 2008
171 St. Lucia 3.44 2008
172 Cayman Islands 3.17 2008
173 Antigua and Barbuda 3.07 2008
174 Grenada 2.56 2008
175 Samoa 2.55 2008
176 Timor-Leste 2.34 2008
177 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.19 2008
178 Cabo Verde 1.97 2008
179 São Tomé and Principe 1.33 2008
180 Dominica 1.22 2008
181 St. Kitts and Nevis 1.16 2008
182 Vanuatu 1.08 2008
183 Tonga 0.72 2008
184 Kiribati 0.31 2008
185 Puerto Rico 0.12 2008
186 Serbia 0.00 2008
186 Monaco 0.00 2008
186 Andorra 0.00 2008
186 Greenland 0.00 2008
186 Montenegro 0.00 2008
186 Palau 0.00 2008
186 Liechtenstein 0.00 2008
186 San Marino 0.00 2008
186 Tuvalu 0.00 2008
186 Nauru 0.00 2008

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Development Relevance: The addition of man-made greenhouse gases to the Atmosphere disturbs the earth's radiative balance. This is leading to an increase in the earth's surface temperature and to related effects on climate, sea level rise and world agriculture. Emissions of CO2 are from burning oil, coal and gas for energy use, burning wood and waste materials, and from industrial processes such as cement production. Emission intensity is the average emission rate of a given pollutant from a given source relative to the intensity of a specific activity. Emission intensities are also used to compare the environmental impact of different fuels or activities. The related terms - emission factor and carbon intensity - are often used interchangeably. The carbon dioxide emissions of a country are only an indicator of one greenhouse gas. For a more complete idea of how a country influences climate change, gases such as methane and nitrous oxide should be taken into account. This is particularly important in agricultural economies. The environmental effects of carbon dioxide are of significant interest. Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up the largest share of the greenhouse gases contributing to global warming and climate change. Converting all other greenhouse gases (methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)) to carbon dioxide (or CO2) equivalents makes it possible to compare them and to determine their individual and total contributions to global warming. The Kyoto Protocol, an environmental agreement adopted in 1997 by many of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is working towards curbing CO2 emissions globally.

Limitations and Exceptions: National reporting to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that follows the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change guidelines is based on national emission inventories and covers all sources of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions as well as carbon sinks (such as forests). To estimate emissions, the countries that are Parties to the Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC) use complex, state-of-the-art methodologies recommended by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: IPCC category 1 = Energy. Expressed in CO2 equivalent using the GWP100 metric of the Second Assessment Report of IPCC and include N2O (GWP100=310). Nitrous oxide emissions are mainly from fossil fuel combustion, fertilizers, rainforest fires, and animal waste. Nitrous oxide is a powerful greenhouse gas, with an estimated atmospheric lifetime of 114 years, compared with 12 years for methane. The per kilogram global warming potential of nitrous oxide is nearly 310 times that of carbon dioxide within 100 years. The emissions are usually expressed in carbon dioxide equivalents using the global warming potential, which allows the effective contributions of different gases to be compared.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual