Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) - Country Ranking

Definition: Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions are emissions produced through fertilizer use (synthetic and animal manure), animal waste management, agricultural waste burning (nonenergy, on-site), and savannah burning.

Source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 China 375,435.60 2008
2 United States 174,287.30 2008
3 India 162,342.60 2008
4 Brazil 155,716.70 2008
5 Central African Republic 89,031.52 2008
6 Sudan 80,773.31 2008
7 Indonesia 63,844.13 2008
8 Argentina 49,035.05 2008
9 Australia 46,332.68 2008
10 Ethiopia 32,521.08 2008
11 Mexico 32,212.85 2008
12 France 32,039.64 2008
13 Nigeria 31,494.46 2008
14 Russia 31,023.80 2008
15 Germany 28,669.76 2008
16 Canada 23,448.34 2008
17 Turkey 22,291.72 2008
18 Pakistan 21,371.81 2008
19 Iran 20,791.58 2008
20 Colombia 20,339.64 2008
21 Dem. Rep. Congo 20,337.74 2008
22 Vietnam 20,283.15 2008
23 Bangladesh 18,492.52 2008
24 United Kingdom 17,297.15 2008
25 Egypt 16,811.38 2008
26 Poland 16,630.13 2008
27 Spain 15,787.14 2008
28 Guinea 15,632.28 2008
29 Ghana 15,444.12 2008
30 Thailand 14,867.06 2008
31 South Africa 14,369.10 2008
32 Chad 13,478.28 2008
33 Uganda 12,994.31 2008
34 Myanmar 12,688.47 2008
35 New Zealand 12,554.11 2008
36 Venezuela 12,471.70 2008
37 Kazakhstan 12,115.14 2008
38 Cameroon 12,052.89 2008
39 Italy 11,762.17 2008
40 Kenya 10,198.51 2008
41 Tanzania 9,971.88 2008
42 Ukraine 9,719.10 2008
43 Philippines 9,660.82 2008
44 Malaysia 9,457.59 2008
45 Mali 9,453.29 2008
46 Uzbekistan 9,262.51 2008
47 Belarus 8,908.36 2008
48 Japan 8,063.68 2008
49 Cambodia 7,902.69 2008
50 Uruguay 7,116.00 2008
51 Madagascar 6,875.58 2008
52 Paraguay 6,572.97 2008
53 Burkina Faso 6,511.35 2008
54 Ireland 6,494.41 2008
55 Romania 6,320.13 2008
56 Chile 6,312.02 2008
57 Peru 6,224.49 2008
58 Netherlands 5,773.57 2008
59 Korea 5,389.61 2008
60 Zambia 5,152.86 2008
61 Syrian Arab Republic 5,009.87 2008
62 Morocco 5,008.90 2008
63 Cuba 4,967.04 2008
64 Bolivia 4,717.39 2008
65 Senegal 4,640.25 2008
66 Denmark 4,483.38 2008
67 Somalia 4,366.83 2008
68 Hungary 3,867.98 2008
69 Ecuador 3,845.98 2008
70 Turkmenistan 3,782.41 2008
71 Zimbabwe 3,739.78 2008
72 Mongolia 3,650.10 2008
73 Nepal 3,549.43 2008
74 Sweden 3,412.44 2008
75 Greece 3,375.03 2008
76 Benin 3,214.78 2008
77 Czech Republic 3,075.64 2008
78 Saudi Arabia 3,059.41 2008
79 Algeria 3,040.14 2008
80 Nicaragua 2,986.87 2008
81 Finland 2,868.03 2008
82 Belgium 2,799.30 2008
83 Sierra Leone 2,729.27 2008
84 Angola 2,670.26 2008
85 Portugal 2,660.23 2008
86 Namibia 2,645.50 2008
87 Solomon Islands 2,534.69 2008
88 Yemen 2,495.72 2008
89 Afghanistan 2,491.78 2008
90 Togo 2,485.11 2008
91 Côte d'Ivoire 2,465.63 2008
92 Guatemala 2,390.04 2008
93 Honduras 2,376.94 2008
94 Malawi 2,320.55 2008
95 Lao PDR 2,276.03 2008
96 Austria 2,257.33 2008
97 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 2,187.49 2008
98 Lithuania 2,173.89 2008
99 Mauritania 2,126.23 2008
100 Iraq 2,113.18 2008
101 Azerbaijan 2,098.00 2008
102 Bulgaria 1,890.61 2008
103 Norway 1,836.34 2008
104 Botswana 1,835.77 2008
105 Dominican Republic 1,775.68 2008
106 Tunisia 1,700.00 2008
107 Guyana 1,685.52 2008
108 Niger 1,590.47 2008
109 Croatia 1,474.82 2008
110 Congo 1,443.06 2008
111 Switzerland 1,432.95 2008
112 Tajikistan 1,397.65 2008
113 Sri Lanka 1,371.05 2008
114 Haiti 1,203.24 2008
115 Slovak Republic 1,185.48 2008
116 Georgia 1,158.79 2008
117 Costa Rica 1,145.23 2008
118 El Salvador 1,135.00 2008
119 Kyrgyz Republic 1,127.90 2008
120 Mozambique 1,104.15 2008
121 Panama 1,084.90 2008
122 Eritrea 1,070.89 2008
123 Latvia 1,015.47 2008
124 Israel 968.89 2008
125 Rwanda 900.77 2008
126 Albania 893.96 2008
127 Slovenia 823.94 2008
128 Guinea-Bissau 733.80 2008
129 Bosnia and Herzegovina 727.11 2008
130 Libya 681.09 2008
131 Estonia 604.00 2008
132 Armenia 593.49 2008
133 United Arab Emirates 507.71 2008
134 Swaziland 476.81 2008
135 Moldova 472.42 2008
136 Jordan 425.65 2008
137 Lebanon 418.14 2008
138 The Gambia 406.15 2008
139 Burundi 403.06 2008
140 Oman 397.38 2008
141 Macedonia 368.01 2008
142 Jamaica 354.84 2008
143 Fiji 354.67 2008
144 Lesotho 346.63 2008
145 Iceland 330.80 2008
146 Liberia 317.69 2008
147 Luxembourg 296.23 2008
148 Gabon 248.16 2008
149 Papua New Guinea 233.02 2008
150 Djibouti 207.77 2008
151 Puerto Rico 193.43 2008
152 Timor-Leste 188.62 2008
153 Cyprus 167.88 2008
154 Trinidad and Tobago 166.30 2008
155 Suriname 143.27 2008
156 Kuwait 114.87 2008
157 Vanuatu 107.37 2008
158 Belize 105.33 2008
159 Bhutan 102.89 2008
160 Mauritius 100.01 2008
161 Brunei 92.74 2008
162 New Caledonia 78.95 2008
163 Cabo Verde 60.27 2008
164 Qatar 56.62 2008
165 Comoros 40.29 2008
166 Samoa 32.78 2008
167 Singapore 32.56 2008
168 Malta 31.07 2008
169 Barbados 24.79 2008
170 Tonga 21.02 2008
171 The Bahamas 17.98 2008
172 St. Lucia 15.95 2008
173 Bahrain 13.61 2008
174 Antigua and Barbuda 12.52 2008
175 Dominica 12.20 2008
176 Equatorial Guinea 9.64 2008
177 St. Kitts and Nevis 8.44 2008
178 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 8.34 2008
179 Grenada 5.01 2008
180 Seychelles 4.89 2008
181 São Tomé and Principe 4.74 2008
182 Kiribati 1.85 2008
183 Greenland 1.44 2008
184 Tuvalu 1.21 2008
185 Cayman Islands 0.65 2008
186 Nauru 0.21 2008
187 Montenegro 0.00 2008
187 Hong Kong SAR, China 0.00 2008
187 Palau 0.00 2008
187 Liechtenstein 0.00 2008
187 San Marino 0.00 2008
187 Monaco 0.00 2008
187 Serbia 0.00 2008
187 Andorra 0.00 2008
187 Macao SAR, China 0.00 2008

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Development Relevance: The addition of man-made greenhouse gases to the Atmosphere disturbs the earth's radiative balance. This is leading to an increase in the earth's surface temperature and to related effects on climate, sea level rise and world agriculture. Emissions of CO2 are from burning oil, coal and gas for energy use, burning wood and waste materials, and from industrial processes such as cement production. Emission intensity is the average emission rate of a given pollutant from a given source relative to the intensity of a specific activity. Emission intensities are also used to compare the environmental impact of different fuels or activities. The related terms - emission factor and carbon intensity - are often used interchangeably. The carbon dioxide emissions of a country are only an indicator of one greenhouse gas. For a more complete idea of how a country influences climate change, gases such as methane and nitrous oxide should be taken into account. This is particularly important in agricultural economies. The environmental effects of carbon dioxide are of significant interest. Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up the largest share of the greenhouse gases contributing to global warming and climate change. Converting all other greenhouse gases (methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)) to carbon dioxide (or CO2) equivalents makes it possible to compare them and to determine their individual and total contributions to global warming. The Kyoto Protocol, an environmental agreement adopted in 1997 by many of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is working towards curbing CO2 emissions globally.

Limitations and Exceptions: National reporting to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that follows the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change guidelines is based on national emission inventories and covers all sources of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions as well as carbon sinks (such as forests). To estimate emissions, the countries that are Parties to the Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC) use complex, state-of-the-art methodologies recommended by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Agricultural nitrous oxide emissions are emissions produced through fertilizer use (synthetic and animal manure), animal waste management, agricultural waste burning (nonenergy, on-site), and savannah burning. IPCC category 4 = Agriculture. Expressed in CO2 equivalent using the GWP100 metric of the Second Assessment Report of IPCC and include N2O (GWP100=310).

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual