Methane emissions (% change from 1990) - Country Ranking

Definition: Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production. Each year of data shows the percentage change to that year from 1990.

Source: World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Equatorial Guinea 2,414.78 2012
2 Qatar 834.74 2012
3 Trinidad and Tobago 386.85 2012
4 Guinea 228.84 2012
5 Oman 173.32 2012
6 Ghana 165.98 2012
7 Jordan 144.21 2012
8 Singapore 143.26 2012
9 Cambodia 137.60 2012
10 Kuwait 134.14 2012
11 Yemen 128.52 2012
12 Timor-Leste 115.02 2012
13 Iran 113.74 2012
14 Burkina Faso 106.64 2012
15 Hong Kong SAR, China 105.44 2012
16 Sudan 104.77 2012
17 Saudi Arabia 104.48 2012
18 Central African Republic 102.77 2012
19 Rwanda 98.15 2012
20 Bhutan 92.58 2012
21 Egypt 92.55 2012
22 United Arab Emirates 91.97 2012
23 Mali 91.13 2012
24 Tunisia 88.40 2012
25 Vietnam 87.79 2012
26 Bahrain 87.68 2012
27 Lao PDR 84.41 2012
28 Chad 82.95 2012
29 Cabo Verde 82.01 2012
30 Afghanistan 80.44 2012
31 Turkey 79.82 2012
32 Israel 78.81 2012
33 Liberia 78.23 2012
34 Macao SAR, China 77.24 2012
35 Senegal 76.40 2012
36 Pakistan 74.36 2012
37 Azerbaijan 74.15 2012
38 Togo 72.93 2012
39 Uganda 72.79 2012
40 China 72.32 2012
41 Mauritania 71.64 2012
42 The Gambia 69.17 2012
43 Guyana 69.09 2012
44 Nauru 67.80 2012
45 Guinea-Bissau 64.88 2012
46 Lebanon 64.71 2012
47 Cayman Islands 63.29 2012
48 Ethiopia 61.28 2012
49 Kiribati 60.65 2012
50 São Tomé and Principe 60.56 2012
51 The Bahamas 60.20 2012
52 Burundi 58.40 2012
53 Comoros 56.73 2012
54 Niger 53.68 2012
55 Chile 53.32 2012
56 Syrian Arab Republic 52.49 2012
57 Djibouti 51.83 2012
58 Algeria 50.24 2012
59 Brazil 49.24 2012
60 Mauritius 48.19 2012
61 Grenada 48.19 2012
62 Honduras 47.16 2012
63 Cyprus 45.73 2012
64 Malaysia 45.09 2012
65 Ecuador 43.68 2012
66 Uzbekistan 43.67 2012
67 Namibia 43.45 2012
68 Guatemala 43.33 2012
69 Peru 42.33 2012
70 Eritrea 39.76 2012
71 Haiti 38.68 2012
72 Canada 38.47 2012
73 Kenya 37.90 2012
74 Nigeria 37.66 2012
75 Philippines 37.60 2012
76 Benin 36.39 2012
77 Seychelles 35.59 2012
78 Colombia 35.27 2012
79 Nicaragua 34.94 2012
80 Belize 34.52 2012
81 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 34.13 2012
82 Côte d'Ivoire 33.92 2012
83 Puerto Rico 31.94 2012
84 Venezuela 31.90 2012
85 Portugal 31.51 2012
86 Morocco 30.23 2012
87 Tajikistan 25.78 2012
88 Brunei 25.70 2012
89 Tuvalu 25.61 2012
90 Thailand 25.32 2012
91 Uruguay 24.10 2012
92 Somalia 24.06 2012
93 India 23.88 2012
94 Panama 21.98 2012
95 Antigua and Barbuda 21.86 2012
96 Swaziland 21.42 2012
97 Greenland 21.17 2012
98 Bangladesh 20.72 2012
99 Palau 20.06 2012
100 Luxembourg 19.39 2012
101 Vanuatu 18.77 2012
102 Armenia 18.55 2012
103 South Africa 18.34 2012
104 St. Lucia 18.24 2012
105 Nepal 18.22 2012
106 Mexico 17.98 2012
107 Madagascar 17.74 2012
108 St. Kitts and Nevis 16.38 2012
109 Samoa 16.20 2012
110 Cameroon 15.87 2012
111 Norway 15.26 2012
112 Sierra Leone 15.22 2012
113 Malawi 14.39 2012
114 Dominican Republic 14.29 2012
115 Iraq 13.68 2012
116 El Salvador 13.44 2012
117 Spain 13.41 2012
118 Lesotho 13.09 2012
119 Croatia 13.02 2012
120 Fiji 12.50 2012
121 Gabon 11.94 2012
122 Dominica 11.73 2012
123 Libya 10.37 2012
124 Australia 9.06 2012
125 Tonga 8.68 2012
126 New Zealand 7.37 2012
127 France 7.17 2012
128 New Caledonia 6.74 2012
129 Greece 6.73 2012
130 Jamaica 6.50 2012
131 Indonesia 5.57 2012
132 Iceland 5.00 2012
133 Paraguay 4.81 2012
134 Korea 4.23 2012
135 Tanzania 4.10 2012
136 Albania 3.82 2012
137 Bolivia 3.55 2012
138 Ireland 3.21 2012
139 Sri Lanka 3.03 2012
140 Kazakhstan 2.79 2012
141 Georgia -0.32 2012
142 Congo -0.53 2012
143 Myanmar -4.00 2012
144 Denmark -4.74 2012
145 Slovenia -6.99 2012
146 Sweden -10.56 2012
147 Belarus -10.88 2012
148 Papua New Guinea -11.61 2012
149 Dem. People's Rep. Korea -12.22 2012
150 Russia -12.65 2012
151 Argentina -13.33 2012
152 Angola -13.97 2012
153 Barbados -14.95 2012
154 Finland -15.07 2012
155 Mozambique -15.40 2012
156 Moldova -15.41 2012
157 Macedonia -16.04 2012
158 Zimbabwe -16.26 2012
159 Switzerland -17.04 2012
160 Austria -20.17 2012
161 United States -21.62 2012
162 Malta -23.15 2012
163 Dem. Rep. Congo -23.39 2012
164 Mongolia -24.62 2012
165 Bulgaria -24.76 2012
166 Italy -25.29 2012
167 Belgium -25.73 2012
168 Kyrgyz Republic -26.30 2012
169 Turkmenistan -26.31 2012
170 Botswana -26.77 2012
171 Suriname -28.10 2012
172 Cuba -29.03 2012
173 Hungary -29.13 2012
174 Solomon Islands -29.16 2012
175 Romania -31.27 2012
176 Bosnia and Herzegovina -31.58 2012
177 Estonia -34.41 2012
178 Czech Republic -34.77 2012
179 Lithuania -36.79 2012
180 Slovak Republic -36.84 2012
181 Netherlands -36.94 2012
182 Costa Rica -38.58 2012
183 Poland -39.53 2012
184 Japan -41.80 2012
185 Latvia -41.83 2012
186 Ukraine -44.36 2012
187 United Kingdom -49.80 2012
188 Germany -51.75 2012
189 Zambia -77.50 2012
190 Serbia -100.00 2012

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Development Relevance: The addition of man-made greenhouse gases to the Atmosphere disturbs the earth's radiative balance. This is leading to an increase in the earth's surface temperature and to related effects on climate, sea level rise and world agriculture. Emissions of CO2 are from burning oil, coal and gas for energy use, burning wood and waste materials, and from industrial processes such as cement production. Emission intensity is the average emission rate of a given pollutant from a given source relative to the intensity of a specific activity. Emission intensities are also used to compare the environmental impact of different fuels or activities. The related terms - emission factor and carbon intensity - are often used interchangeably. The carbon dioxide emissions of a country are only an indicator of one greenhouse gas. For a more complete idea of how a country influences climate change, gases such as methane and nitrous oxide should be taken into account. This is particularly important in agricultural economies. The environmental effects of carbon dioxide are of significant interest. Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up the largest share of the greenhouse gases contributing to global warming and climate change. Converting all other greenhouse gases (methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)) to carbon dioxide (or CO2) equivalents makes it possible to compare them and to determine their individual and total contributions to global warming. The Kyoto Protocol, an environmental agreement adopted in 1997 by many of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is working towards curbing CO2 emissions globally.

Limitations and Exceptions: National reporting to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that follows the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change guidelines is based on national emission inventories and covers all sources of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions as well as carbon sinks (such as forests). To estimate emissions, the countries that are Parties to the Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC) use complex, state-of-the-art methodologies recommended by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production. Expressed in CO2 equivalent using the GWP100 metric of the Second Assessment Report of IPCC and include CH4 (GWP100=21). The emissions are usually expressed in carbon dioxide equivalents using the global warming potential, which allows the effective contributions of different gases to be compared. A kilogram of methane is 21 times as effective at trapping heat in the earth's atmosphere as a kilogram of carbon dioxide within 100 years.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual