Energy related methane emissions (% of total) - Country Ranking

Definition: Methane emissions from energy processes are emissions from the production, handling, transmission, and combustion of fossil fuels and biofuels.

Source: World Bank staff estimates from original source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Qatar 97.63 2008
2 Brunei 97.58 2008
3 United Arab Emirates 92.92 2008
4 Oman 92.81 2008
5 Kuwait 92.25 2008
6 Equatorial Guinea 92.22 2008
7 Bahrain 92.08 2008
8 Libya 88.70 2008
9 Trinidad and Tobago 86.64 2008
10 Saudi Arabia 85.54 2008
11 Russia 79.51 2008
12 Algeria 79.35 2008
13 Turkmenistan 76.71 2008
14 Norway 76.30 2008
15 Ukraine 69.57 2008
16 Iran 68.58 2008
17 Kazakhstan 68.01 2008
18 Iraq 67.28 2008
19 Malaysia 65.86 2008
20 Angola 63.80 2008
21 Poland 62.96 2008
22 Singapore 59.24 2008
23 Uzbekistan 59.18 2008
24 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 59.15 2008
25 Azerbaijan 57.95 2008
26 Congo 56.22 2008
27 Tunisia 56.02 2008
28 Liberia 55.83 2008
29 Latvia 55.52 2008
30 Armenia 55.41 2008
31 Egypt 55.34 2008
32 Gabon 53.90 2008
33 Moldova 52.54 2008
34 Burundi 50.70 2008
35 Mozambique 50.37 2008
36 Croatia 48.70 2008
37 China 48.03 2008
38 Bosnia and Herzegovina 47.82 2008
39 South Africa 47.10 2008
40 Romania 46.47 2008
41 Papua New Guinea 45.62 2008
42 Syrian Arab Republic 45.44 2008
43 Bolivia 44.59 2008
44 Czech Republic 43.04 2008
45 France 42.56 2008
46 Canada 42.11 2008
47 Nigeria 41.40 2008
48 Venezuela 41.20 2008
49 Estonia 40.93 2008
50 Zambia 40.27 2008
51 São Tomé and Principe 40.12 2008
52 United States 40.07 2008
53 Georgia 39.18 2008
54 Slovenia 38.85 2008
55 Bhutan 36.45 2008
56 Vietnam 34.70 2008
57 Lithuania 34.28 2008
58 Mexico 34.20 2008
59 North Macedonia 33.54 2008
60 Rwanda 33.29 2008
61 Malawi 32.32 2008
62 Australia 31.95 2008
63 Jordan 30.89 2008
64 Niger 29.69 2008
65 Comoros 29.48 2008
66 Hungary 29.03 2008
67 Kenya 28.12 2008
68 Togo 27.89 2008
69 Yemen 27.79 2008
70 Lesotho 27.07 2008
71 Indonesia 26.74 2008
72 Germany 26.61 2008
73 Netherlands 26.48 2008
74 Israel 26.40 2008
75 Albania 25.79 2008
76 Hong Kong SAR, China 25.55 2008
77 Pakistan 25.20 2008
78 Côte d'Ivoire 24.69 2008
79 Austria 24.53 2008
80 Sierra Leone 24.21 2008
81 Chile 23.69 2008
82 Slovak Republic 22.99 2008
83 Ecuador 22.72 2008
84 United Kingdom 22.61 2008
85 Korea 22.57 2008
86 Greece 22.51 2008
87 Uganda 22.27 2008
88 Tanzania 22.24 2008
89 Thailand 22.16 2008
90 Switzerland 21.61 2008
91 Haiti 19.99 2008
92 Burkina Faso 19.93 2008
93 Eritrea 19.61 2008
94 Turkey 19.59 2008
95 Guatemala 19.41 2008
96 The Gambia 19.25 2008
97 Colombia 19.18 2008
98 Argentina 17.66 2008
99 India 17.21 2008
100 Dominican Republic 17.10 2008
101 Ethiopia 16.73 2008
102 Italy 16.70 2008
103 Denmark 16.59 2008
104 Somalia 16.57 2008
105 Senegal 16.47 2008
106 Djibouti 16.45 2008
107 Seychelles 16.01 2008
108 Madagascar 15.84 2008
109 Grenada 15.30 2008
110 El Salvador 15.24 2008
111 Belgium 14.67 2008
112 Ireland 13.65 2008
113 Ghana 13.49 2008
114 Belize 13.45 2008
115 Myanmar 13.44 2008
116 Benin 13.41 2008
117 Cameroon 13.29 2008
118 Peru 12.99 2008
119 Portugal 12.69 2008
120 Bulgaria 12.44 2008
121 Paraguay 12.33 2008
122 Zimbabwe 12.19 2008
123 Mauritius 12.12 2008
124 Costa Rica 12.07 2008
125 Tajikistan 11.85 2008
126 Morocco 11.80 2008
127 Botswana 11.76 2008
128 Eswatini 11.68 2008
129 Jamaica 11.62 2008
130 Bangladesh 11.53 2008
131 Chad 11.49 2008
132 Luxembourg 11.19 2008
133 Sweden 11.01 2008
134 Lebanon 10.93 2008
135 Philippines 10.47 2008
136 Cuba 10.09 2008
137 Brazil 9.82 2008
138 Lao PDR 9.66 2008
139 Spain 9.20 2008
140 Dem. Rep. Congo 9.06 2008
141 Finland 8.76 2008
142 Mauritania 8.64 2008
143 Honduras 8.49 2008
144 Barbados 8.40 2008
145 Japan 8.23 2008
146 Afghanistan 8.19 2008
147 Mongolia 7.76 2008
148 Belarus 7.02 2008
149 Kyrgyz Republic 6.99 2008
150 Nicaragua 6.77 2008
151 Sudan 6.40 2008
152 Nepal 6.33 2008
153 Kiribati 5.63 2008
154 Guyana 5.44 2008
155 St. Lucia 5.41 2008
156 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 5.16 2008
157 Sri Lanka 5.14 2008
158 Samoa 5.07 2008
159 The Bahamas 4.78 2008
160 Guinea 4.67 2008
161 New Zealand 4.07 2008
162 Mali 4.05 2008
163 Panama 3.96 2008
164 Cambodia 3.71 2008
165 Suriname 3.63 2008
166 Guinea-Bissau 3.51 2008
167 Cayman Islands 3.16 2008
168 Uruguay 3.03 2008
169 Cabo Verde 3.03 2008
170 Dominica 2.90 2008
171 Antigua and Barbuda 2.79 2008
172 Macao SAR, China 2.71 2008
173 Namibia 2.56 2008
174 Cyprus 2.42 2008
175 Fiji 2.27 2008
176 New Caledonia 1.93 2008
177 Tonga 1.53 2008
178 Vanuatu 1.36 2008
179 St. Kitts and Nevis 1.22 2008
180 Timor-Leste 1.15 2008
181 Solomon Islands 0.98 2008
182 Iceland 0.95 2008
183 Central African Republic 0.54 2008
184 Malta 0.26 2008
185 Puerto Rico 0.00 2008
186 Serbia 0.00 2008
186 Palau 0.00 2008
186 Tuvalu 0.00 2008
186 Nauru 0.00 2008
186 Greenland 0.00 2008

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Development Relevance: The addition of man-made greenhouse gases to the Atmosphere disturbs the earth's radiative balance. This is leading to an increase in the earth's surface temperature and to related effects on climate, sea level rise and world agriculture. Emissions of CO2 are from burning oil, coal and gas for energy use, burning wood and waste materials, and from industrial processes such as cement production. Emission intensity is the average emission rate of a given pollutant from a given source relative to the intensity of a specific activity. Emission intensities are also used to compare the environmental impact of different fuels or activities. The related terms - emission factor and carbon intensity - are often used interchangeably. The carbon dioxide emissions of a country are only an indicator of one greenhouse gas. For a more complete idea of how a country influences climate change, gases such as methane and nitrous oxide should be taken into account. This is particularly important in agricultural economies. The environmental effects of carbon dioxide are of significant interest. Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up the largest share of the greenhouse gases contributing to global warming and climate change. Converting all other greenhouse gases (methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)) to carbon dioxide (or CO2) equivalents makes it possible to compare them and to determine their individual and total contributions to global warming. The Kyoto Protocol, an environmental agreement adopted in 1997 by many of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is working towards curbing CO2 emissions globally.

Limitations and Exceptions: National reporting to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that follows the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change guidelines is based on national emission inventories and covers all sources of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions as well as carbon sinks (such as forests). To estimate emissions, the countries that are Parties to the Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC) use complex, state-of-the-art methodologies recommended by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: IPCC category 1 = Energy. Methane emissions result largely from agricultural activities, industrial production landfills and wastewater treatment, and other sources such as tropical forest and other vegetation fires. The emissions are usually expressed in carbon dioxide equivalents using the global warming potential, which allows the effective contributions of different gases to be compared. A kilogram of methane is 21 times as effective at trapping heat in the earth's atmosphere as a kilogram of carbon dioxide within 100 years. The emissions are usually expressed in carbon dioxide equivalents using the global warming potential, which allows the effective contributions of different gases to be compared.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual