Methane emissions in energy sector (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) - Country Ranking

Definition: Methane emissions from energy processes are emissions from the production, handling, transmission, and combustion of fossil fuels and biofuels.

Source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 China 738,366.80 2008
2 Russia 406,730.80 2008
3 United States 219,505.40 2008
4 India 104,339.40 2008
5 Iran 75,114.12 2008
6 Indonesia 57,736.14 2008
7 Saudi Arabia 49,514.14 2008
8 Ukraine 47,533.60 2008
9 Canada 45,411.38 2008
10 Kazakhstan 43,227.60 2008
11 Brazil 41,388.18 2008
12 Poland 41,179.13 2008
13 Nigeria 39,801.34 2008
14 Mexico 39,539.76 2008
15 Australia 39,062.81 2008
16 Pakistan 37,956.25 2008
17 Algeria 37,642.56 2008
18 Vietnam 36,938.29 2008
19 France 35,280.01 2008
20 South Africa 31,666.66 2008
21 Egypt 28,776.49 2008
22 Qatar 27,793.43 2008
23 Uzbekistan 27,457.15 2008
24 Turkmenistan 25,219.18 2008
25 Venezuela 24,976.81 2008
26 Malaysia 23,251.28 2008
27 United Arab Emirates 22,726.43 2008
28 Thailand 21,638.71 2008
29 Argentina 17,288.60 2008
30 Libya 16,025.76 2008
31 Germany 15,348.08 2008
32 Iraq 15,258.18 2008
33 Turkey 14,821.74 2008
34 Oman 14,499.93 2008
35 United Kingdom 13,833.19 2008
36 Norway 13,505.83 2008
37 Romania 12,469.02 2008
38 Colombia 12,094.32 2008
39 Kuwait 11,824.32 2008
40 Trinidad and Tobago 11,734.04 2008
41 Bangladesh 11,284.38 2008
42 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 11,063.36 2008
43 Angola 11,033.10 2008
44 Myanmar 10,284.90 2008
45 Ethiopia 10,083.60 2008
46 Azerbaijan 9,820.45 2008
47 Bolivia 9,370.74 2008
48 Kenya 7,718.32 2008
49 Korea 7,014.19 2008
50 Sudan 6,459.54 2008
51 Dem. Rep. Congo 6,291.35 2008
52 Italy 6,244.74 2008
53 Philippines 5,904.66 2008
54 Syrian Arab Republic 5,679.29 2008
55 Tanzania 5,640.63 2008
56 Netherlands 5,452.93 2008
57 Czech Republic 5,109.04 2008
58 Uganda 4,669.10 2008
59 Brunei 4,539.34 2008
60 Mozambique 4,290.52 2008
61 Chile 4,263.03 2008
62 Tunisia 3,893.52 2008
63 Congo 3,745.94 2008
64 Côte d'Ivoire 3,576.72 2008
65 Japan 3,374.71 2008
66 Ecuador 3,358.39 2008
67 Spain 3,356.44 2008
68 Ghana 3,035.22 2008
69 Madagascar 2,967.11 2008
70 Bahrain 2,942.61 2008
71 Gabon 2,828.33 2008
72 Burkina Faso 2,703.08 2008
73 Cameroon 2,647.54 2008
74 Somalia 2,626.81 2008
75 Equatorial Guinea 2,538.69 2008
76 Zambia 2,465.23 2008
77 Croatia 2,367.87 2008
78 Yemen 2,312.43 2008
79 Peru 2,245.98 2008
80 Hungary 2,150.74 2008
81 Chad 2,082.78 2008
82 Austria 2,036.92 2008
83 Ireland 1,967.16 2008
84 Niger 1,856.20 2008
85 Greece 1,848.90 2008
86 Georgia 1,844.76 2008
87 Armenia 1,792.58 2008
88 Paraguay 1,790.88 2008
89 Moldova 1,773.56 2008
90 Latvia 1,772.24 2008
91 Lithuania 1,768.36 2008
92 Portugal 1,654.02 2008
93 Togo 1,635.82 2008
94 Guinea 1,557.16 2008
95 Bulgaria 1,528.09 2008
96 Senegal 1,503.51 2008
97 Nepal 1,458.82 2008
98 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,452.44 2008
99 Belgium 1,399.08 2008
100 Singapore 1,384.92 2008
101 Malawi 1,357.53 2008
102 Morocco 1,327.60 2008
103 Denmark 1,304.84 2008
104 Burundi 1,258.78 2008
105 Sweden 1,254.53 2008
106 Guatemala 1,235.02 2008
107 Cambodia 1,210.23 2008
108 Dominican Republic 1,150.97 2008
109 Slovenia 1,131.77 2008
110 New Zealand 1,122.28 2008
111 Sierra Leone 1,122.16 2008
112 Belarus 1,077.10 2008
113 Switzerland 1,068.74 2008
114 Israel 1,034.36 2008
115 Zimbabwe 1,030.78 2008
116 Benin 950.48 2008
117 Slovak Republic 923.08 2008
118 Estonia 921.77 2008
119 Afghanistan 919.69 2008
120 Rwanda 912.59 2008
121 Papua New Guinea 909.58 2008
122 Liberia 905.08 2008
123 Haiti 897.96 2008
124 Cuba 848.36 2008
125 Finland 833.97 2008
126 Lao PDR 804.61 2008
127 Hong Kong SAR, China 760.70 2008
128 Mali 706.17 2008
129 Jordan 680.56 2008
130 Albania 649.12 2008
131 Uruguay 622.73 2008
132 Sri Lanka 583.08 2008
133 Eritrea 544.08 2008
134 Tajikistan 534.14 2008
135 Mongolia 533.02 2008
136 Central African Republic 528.01 2008
137 Mauritania 493.58 2008
138 El Salvador 476.67 2008
139 North Macedonia 461.64 2008
140 Honduras 459.59 2008
141 Botswana 455.61 2008
142 Bhutan 438.60 2008
143 Nicaragua 419.86 2008
144 Lesotho 336.83 2008
145 Costa Rica 261.71 2008
146 Kyrgyz Republic 256.03 2008
147 The Gambia 171.93 2008
148 Jamaica 154.33 2008
149 Eswatini 150.88 2008
150 Panama 133.53 2008
151 Luxembourg 128.30 2008
152 Namibia 126.46 2008
153 Lebanon 119.10 2008
154 Djibouti 100.20 2008
155 Comoros 76.79 2008
156 Guyana 74.90 2008
157 Guinea-Bissau 42.81 2008
158 Mauritius 35.27 2008
159 Belize 25.97 2008
160 Suriname 21.60 2008
161 São Tomé and Principe 17.48 2008
162 Fiji 16.02 2008
163 Cyprus 14.81 2008
164 Solomon Islands 14.00 2008
165 The Bahamas 10.13 2008
166 Barbados 8.71 2008
167 Timor-Leste 8.05 2008
168 Samoa 6.55 2008
169 Grenada 5.36 2008
170 Cabo Verde 4.20 2008
171 New Caledonia 4.08 2008
172 Macao SAR, China 3.79 2008
173 Seychelles 3.71 2008
174 Vanuatu 3.56 2008
175 Iceland 3.48 2008
176 St. Lucia 2.29 2008
177 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.93 2008
178 Antigua and Barbuda 1.15 2008
179 Dominica 1.14 2008
180 Tonga 0.92 2008
181 Kiribati 0.86 2008
182 Cayman Islands 0.85 2008
183 Malta 0.60 2008
184 St. Kitts and Nevis 0.38 2008
185 Puerto Rico 0.06 2008
186 Serbia 0.00 2008
186 Montenegro 0.00 2008
186 Tuvalu 0.00 2008
186 Nauru 0.00 2008
186 Greenland 0.00 2008
186 San Marino 0.00 2008
186 Andorra 0.00 2008
186 Monaco 0.00 2008
186 Palau 0.00 2008
186 Liechtenstein 0.00 2008

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Development Relevance: The addition of man-made greenhouse gases to the Atmosphere disturbs the earth's radiative balance. This is leading to an increase in the earth's surface temperature and to related effects on climate, sea level rise and world agriculture. Emissions of CO2 are from burning oil, coal and gas for energy use, burning wood and waste materials, and from industrial processes such as cement production. Emission intensity is the average emission rate of a given pollutant from a given source relative to the intensity of a specific activity. Emission intensities are also used to compare the environmental impact of different fuels or activities. The related terms - emission factor and carbon intensity - are often used interchangeably. The carbon dioxide emissions of a country are only an indicator of one greenhouse gas. For a more complete idea of how a country influences climate change, gases such as methane and nitrous oxide should be taken into account. This is particularly important in agricultural economies. The environmental effects of carbon dioxide are of significant interest. Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up the largest share of the greenhouse gases contributing to global warming and climate change. Converting all other greenhouse gases (methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)) to carbon dioxide (or CO2) equivalents makes it possible to compare them and to determine their individual and total contributions to global warming. The Kyoto Protocol, an environmental agreement adopted in 1997 by many of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is working towards curbing CO2 emissions globally.

Limitations and Exceptions: National reporting to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that follows the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change guidelines is based on national emission inventories and covers all sources of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions as well as carbon sinks (such as forests). To estimate emissions, the countries that are Parties to the Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC) use complex, state-of-the-art methodologies recommended by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: IPCC category 1 = Energy. Expressed in CO2 equivalent using the GWP100 metric of the Second Assessment Report of IPCC and include CH4 (GWP100=21). Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production. The emissions are usually expressed in carbon dioxide equivalents using the global warming potential, which allows the effective contributions of different gases to be compared. A kilogram of methane is 21 times as effective at trapping heat in the earth's atmosphere as a kilogram of carbon dioxide within 100 years. The unit of measurement is kt (kiloton) of carbon dioxide equivalent.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual