Agricultural methane emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) - Country Ranking

Definition: Agricultural methane emissions are emissions from animals, animal waste, rice production, agricultural waste burning (nonenergy, on-site), and savannah burning.

Source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 China 577,909.30 2008
2 India 380,029.10 2008
3 Brazil 315,949.80 2008
4 United States 196,940.00 2008
5 Pakistan 93,918.24 2008
6 Indonesia 88,823.51 2008
7 Sudan 88,747.04 2008
8 Central African Republic 74,004.02 2008
9 Argentina 71,924.39 2008
10 Australia 69,460.84 2008
11 Bangladesh 67,372.95 2008
12 Thailand 60,959.26 2008
13 Myanmar 58,921.59 2008
14 Vietnam 57,685.48 2008
15 Mexico 54,583.24 2008
16 Ethiopia 42,677.99 2008
17 Colombia 42,164.38 2008
18 Russia 41,716.29 2008
19 Nigeria 39,981.45 2008
20 France 36,018.16 2008
21 Philippines 35,338.29 2008
22 Japan 29,737.18 2008
23 Germany 28,960.85 2008
24 Canada 28,900.24 2008
25 Venezuela 26,756.54 2008
26 New Zealand 25,084.38 2008
27 United Kingdom 24,184.16 2008
28 Turkey 24,095.88 2008
29 Iran 20,778.15 2008
30 Cambodia 20,634.87 2008
31 South Africa 20,340.50 2008
32 Spain 20,241.04 2008
33 Uruguay 19,083.93 2008
34 Nepal 18,932.86 2008
35 Dem. Rep. Congo 17,429.04 2008
36 Italy 15,593.49 2008
37 Kenya 15,467.73 2008
38 Poland 15,464.39 2008
39 Guinea 15,362.89 2008
40 Tanzania 15,265.39 2008
41 Uzbekistan 15,232.82 2008
42 Egypt 15,219.10 2008
43 Chad 15,024.06 2008
44 Kazakhstan 13,926.66 2008
45 Madagascar 13,794.58 2008
46 Uganda 13,735.47 2008
47 Ghana 13,554.11 2008
48 Mali 13,466.38 2008
49 Korea 12,614.96 2008
50 Cameroon 12,412.87 2008
51 Somalia 12,345.54 2008
52 Peru 11,392.43 2008
53 Paraguay 11,388.07 2008
54 Ireland 11,323.90 2008
55 Ukraine 10,279.32 2008
56 Bolivia 10,148.80 2008
57 Ecuador 9,605.99 2008
58 Netherlands 9,575.74 2008
59 Burkina Faso 9,553.51 2008
60 Romania 8,835.81 2008
61 Belarus 8,253.07 2008
62 Chile 7,787.13 2008
63 Sri Lanka 7,615.50 2008
64 Afghanistan 7,032.25 2008
65 Turkmenistan 6,727.73 2008
66 Lao PDR 6,418.92 2008
67 Mongolia 6,010.02 2008
68 Senegal 5,985.65 2008
69 Zimbabwe 5,905.30 2008
70 Morocco 5,547.14 2008
71 Belgium 5,517.76 2008
72 Azerbaijan 5,438.79 2008
73 Malaysia 5,350.98 2008
74 Denmark 5,117.40 2008
75 Cuba 5,015.63 2008
76 Algeria 4,755.33 2008
77 Mauritania 4,749.26 2008
78 Nicaragua 4,566.05 2008
79 Namibia 4,546.51 2008
80 Portugal 4,398.17 2008
81 Syrian Arab Republic 4,377.37 2008
82 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 4,358.31 2008
83 Honduras 4,149.81 2008
84 Austria 3,983.26 2008
85 Angola 3,982.50 2008
86 Yemen 3,894.07 2008
87 Greece 3,714.59 2008
88 Dominican Republic 3,703.95 2008
89 Czech Republic 3,495.67 2008
90 Iraq 3,487.93 2008
91 Guatemala 3,395.38 2008
92 Benin 3,248.02 2008
93 Tajikistan 3,214.51 2008
94 Sweden 3,213.74 2008
95 Switzerland 3,193.52 2008
96 Botswana 3,096.78 2008
97 Niger 2,974.85 2008
98 Kyrgyz Republic 2,708.04 2008
99 Sierra Leone 2,657.50 2008
100 Panama 2,650.68 2008
101 Georgia 2,354.34 2008
102 Zambia 2,342.81 2008
103 Hungary 2,335.48 2008
104 Togo 2,285.88 2008
105 Haiti 2,249.80 2008
106 Tunisia 2,210.06 2008
107 Côte d'Ivoire 2,190.59 2008
108 Norway 2,081.58 2008
109 Saudi Arabia 1,991.99 2008
110 Finland 1,955.91 2008
111 Lithuania 1,942.74 2008
112 Bulgaria 1,942.49 2008
113 Eritrea 1,821.05 2008
114 El Salvador 1,684.85 2008
115 Mozambique 1,659.56 2008
116 Albania 1,635.97 2008
117 Malawi 1,589.89 2008
118 Congo 1,536.05 2008
119 Costa Rica 1,409.80 2008
120 Croatia 1,393.03 2008
121 Solomon Islands 1,384.40 2008
122 Slovak Republic 1,345.92 2008
123 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,279.59 2008
124 Armenia 1,161.69 2008
125 Israel 1,119.89 2008
126 Slovenia 1,061.91 2008
127 Rwanda 1,061.80 2008
128 Guinea-Bissau 975.49 2008
129 Guyana 966.68 2008
130 Luxembourg 944.03 2008
131 Libya 840.79 2008
132 Latvia 800.90 2008
133 Moldova 767.15 2008
134 Eswatini 740.41 2008
135 Lesotho 690.09 2008
136 Jamaica 660.90 2008
137 Estonia 654.12 2008
138 North Macedonia 604.00 2008
139 Timor-Leste 602.15 2008
140 United Arab Emirates 599.25 2008
141 Burundi 560.98 2008
142 The Gambia 554.76 2008
143 Fiji 554.08 2008
144 Oman 546.43 2008
145 Bhutan 514.90 2008
146 Puerto Rico 485.50 2008
147 Suriname 471.36 2008
148 Jordan 470.45 2008
149 Djibouti 382.45 2008
150 Papua New Guinea 299.97 2008
151 Liberia 296.75 2008
152 Lebanon 275.05 2008
153 Cyprus 231.74 2008
154 Vanuatu 224.50 2008
155 Iceland 209.21 2008
156 Gabon 206.98 2008
157 Kuwait 158.01 2008
158 New Caledonia 154.82 2008
159 Qatar 109.97 2008
160 Belize 108.94 2008
161 Samoa 91.15 2008
162 Comoros 85.19 2008
163 Trinidad and Tobago 71.04 2008
164 Cabo Verde 54.61 2008
165 Malta 46.95 2008
166 Mauritius 46.52 2008
167 Tonga 42.22 2008
168 Singapore 32.80 2008
169 Antigua and Barbuda 25.39 2008
170 Dominica 19.29 2008
171 Barbados 19.15 2008
172 St. Lucia 18.92 2008
173 Bahrain 16.24 2008
174 Brunei 14.30 2008
175 St. Kitts and Nevis 10.62 2008
176 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 9.25 2008
177 Equatorial Guinea 9.13 2008
178 Grenada 7.66 2008
179 São Tomé and Principe 5.47 2008
180 The Bahamas 4.33 2008
181 Greenland 3.27 2008
182 Seychelles 3.24 2008
183 Cayman Islands 1.72 2008
184 Tuvalu 1.16 2008
185 Kiribati 1.08 2008
186 Nauru 0.23 2008
187 Palau 0.00 2008
187 Monaco 0.00 2008
187 Serbia 0.00 2008
187 Andorra 0.00 2008
187 Liechtenstein 0.00 2008
187 San Marino 0.00 2008
187 Hong Kong SAR, China 0.00 2008
187 Macao SAR, China 0.00 2008
187 Montenegro 0.00 2008

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Development Relevance: The addition of man-made greenhouse gases to the Atmosphere disturbs the earth's radiative balance. This is leading to an increase in the earth's surface temperature and to related effects on climate, sea level rise and world agriculture. Emissions of CO2 are from burning oil, coal and gas for energy use, burning wood and waste materials, and from industrial processes such as cement production. Emission intensity is the average emission rate of a given pollutant from a given source relative to the intensity of a specific activity. Emission intensities are also used to compare the environmental impact of different fuels or activities. The related terms - emission factor and carbon intensity - are often used interchangeably. The carbon dioxide emissions of a country are only an indicator of one greenhouse gas. For a more complete idea of how a country influences climate change, gases such as methane and nitrous oxide should be taken into account. This is particularly important in agricultural economies. The environmental effects of carbon dioxide are of significant interest. Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up the largest share of the greenhouse gases contributing to global warming and climate change. Converting all other greenhouse gases (methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)) to carbon dioxide (or CO2) equivalents makes it possible to compare them and to determine their individual and total contributions to global warming. The Kyoto Protocol, an environmental agreement adopted in 1997 by many of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is working towards curbing CO2 emissions globally.

Limitations and Exceptions: National reporting to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that follows the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change guidelines is based on national emission inventories and covers all sources of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions as well as carbon sinks (such as forests). To estimate emissions, the countries that are Parties to the Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC) use complex, state-of-the-art methodologies recommended by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: IPCC category 4 = Agriculture. Expressed in CO2 equivalent using the GWP100 metric of the Second Assessment Report of IPCC and include CH4 (GWP100=21). Methane emissions result largely from agricultural activities, industrial production landfills and wastewater treatment, and other sources such as tropical forest and other vegetation fires. The emissions are usually expressed in carbon dioxide equivalents using the global warming potential, which allows the effective contributions of different gases to be compared. A kilogram of methane is 21 times as effective at trapping heat in the earth's atmosphere as a kilogram of carbon dioxide within 100 years. The emissions are usually expressed in carbon dioxide equivalents using the global warming potential, which allows the effective contributions of different gases to be compared.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual