Net ODA received (% of imports of goods, services and primary income) - Country Ranking

Definition: Net official development assistance (ODA) consists of disbursements of loans made on concessional terms (net of repayments of principal) and grants by official agencies of the members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), by multilateral institutions, and by non-DAC countries to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. It includes loans with a grant element of at least 25 percent (calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent).

Source: Development Assistance Committee of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Geographical Distribution of Financial Flows to Developing Countries, Development Co-operation Report, and International Development Statistics database. Data

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Tuvalu 63.79 2013
2 Central African Republic 62.73 1994
3 Malawi 51.52 2017
4 Chad 50.09 1994
5 Burundi 47.67 2017
6 Afghanistan 47.49 2017
7 The Gambia 46.80 2017
8 Liberia 41.79 2017
9 Kiribati 38.71 2017
10 Niger 37.38 2017
11 Rwanda 37.07 2017
12 Eritrea 34.89 2000
13 Sierra Leone 31.67 2017
14 Samoa 29.51 2017
15 Nauru 27.53 2017
16 Yemen 26.64 2016
17 Vanuatu 25.48 2017
18 Tonga 24.94 2017
19 Solomon Islands 24.87 2017
20 Uganda 24.75 2017
21 Tanzania 24.16 2017
22 Guinea-Bissau 23.75 2017
23 Mali 21.80 2017
24 Comoros 21.69 2017
25 Haiti 20.87 2017
26 Ethiopia 20.78 2017
27 São Tomé and Principe 20.42 2017
28 Mozambique 20.24 2017
29 Timor-Leste 20.06 2017
30 Benin 17.79 2017
31 Burkina Faso 17.00 2017
32 Dem. Rep. Congo 16.11 2017
33 Madagascar 15.90 2017
34 Cameroon 14.95 2017
35 Togo 14.70 2017
36 Djibouti 12.93 2017
37 Kenya 12.19 2017
38 Jordan 12.16 2017
39 Senegal 10.83 2017
40 Papua New Guinea 10.71 2017
41 Guinea 10.54 2017
42 Zimbabwe 10.44 2017
43 Nepal 10.40 2017
44 Zambia 9.79 2017
45 Tajikistan 9.73 2017
46 Cabo Verde 9.60 2017
47 Palau 9.54 2017
48 Mauritania 9.48 2017
49 Mongolia 9.30 2017
50 Kyrgyz Republic 8.37 2017
51 Bhutan 8.10 2017
52 St. Kitts and Nevis 7.57 2013
53 Sudan 7.33 2017
54 Bolivia 7.27 2017
55 Myanmar 7.13 2017
56 Nicaragua 7.04 2017
57 Lao PDR 6.47 2017
58 Bangladesh 6.31 2017
59 Eswatini 6.13 2017
60 Côte d'Ivoire 6.06 2017
61 Lesotho 6.04 2017
62 Equatorial Guinea 5.91 1996
63 Serbia 5.86 2017
64 Iraq 5.77 2017
65 Dominica 5.44 2017
66 Nigeria 5.25 2017
67 Israel 5.20 1996
68 Ghana 4.99 2017
69 Fiji 4.52 2017
70 Cambodia 4.25 2017
71 Moldova 4.23 2017
72 Armenia 4.03 2017
73 Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.01 2017
74 Georgia 3.96 2017
75 Lebanon 3.69 2017
76 Honduras 3.65 2017
77 Morocco 3.61 2017
78 Uzbekistan 3.57 2017
79 Montenegro 3.50 2017
80 Pakistan 3.24 2017
81 Tunisia 3.23 2017
82 Namibia 2.78 2017
83 Belize 2.73 2017
84 Albania 2.40 2017
85 Guyana 2.17 2017
86 Gabon 1.88 2015
87 North Macedonia 1.78 2017
88 Ukraine 1.68 2017
89 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.67 2017
90 Guatemala 1.63 2017
91 Libya 1.49 2016
92 Botswana 1.29 2017
93 Colombia 1.20 2017
94 Turkey 1.18 2017
95 El Salvador 1.18 2017
96 St. Lucia 1.15 2017
97 Congo 1.14 2016
98 Sri Lanka 1.06 2017
99 Paraguay 1.03 2017
100 Seychelles 1.02 2017
101 Vietnam 0.99 2017
102 Antigua and Barbuda 0.91 2017
103 Suriname 0.90 2017
104 South Africa 0.88 2017
105 Grenada 0.82 2017
106 Ecuador 0.81 2017
107 Jamaica 0.74 2017
108 Iran 0.72 2000
109 Barbados 0.63 2010
110 Angola 0.62 2017
111 Syrian Arab Republic 0.62 2010
112 Azerbaijan 0.57 2017
113 Bahrain 0.52 2004
114 India 0.51 2017
115 Croatia 0.51 2010
116 Dominican Republic 0.46 2017
117 Costa Rica 0.45 2017
118 Slovenia 0.41 2002
119 Cyprus 0.40 1996
120 Algeria 0.29 2017
121 Malta 0.26 2002
122 Uruguay 0.24 2017
123 The Bahamas 0.21 1995
124 Mexico 0.15 2017
125 Venezuela 0.13 2016
126 Philippines 0.13 2017
127 Panama 0.13 2017
128 Indonesia 0.11 2017
129 Kazakhstan 0.10 2017
130 Brazil 0.09 2017
131 Thailand 0.09 2017
132 Chile 0.07 2017
133 Mauritius 0.07 2017
134 Trinidad and Tobago 0.05 2010
135 Kuwait 0.03 1995
136 Singapore 0.01 1995
137 Argentina 0.00 2017
138 Peru -0.01 2017
139 Malaysia -0.01 2017
140 Korea -0.04 1999
141 China -0.04 2017
142 Oman -0.07 2010
143 Saudi Arabia -0.08 2007
144 Egypt -0.15 2017
145 Belarus -0.64 2017

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Development Relevance: The ratio of aid to imports of goods and services provides a measure of recipient country's dependency on aid. Ratios of aid are generally much higher in Sub-Saharan Africa than in other regions, and they increased in the 1980s. High ratios are due only in part to aid flows. Many African countries saw severe erosion in their terms of trade in the 1980s, along with weak policies, falling incomes, imports, and investment. Thus the increase in aid dependency ratios reflects events affecting both the numerator (aid) and the denominator (imports of goods and services). DAC exists to help its members coordinate their development assistance and to encourage the expansion and improve the effectiveness of the aggregate resources flowing to recipient economies. In this capacity DAC monitors the flow of all financial resources, but its main concern is official development assistance (ODA). Grants or loans to countries and territories on the DAC list of aid recipients have to meet three criteria to be counted as ODA. They are provided by official agencies, including state and local governments, or by their executive agencies. They promote economic development and welfare as the main objective. And they are provided on concessional financial terms (loans must have a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a discount rate of 10 percent). The DAC Statistical Reporting Directives provide the most detailed explanation of this definition and all ODA-related rules. DAC statistics aim to meet the needs of policy makers in the field of development co-operation, and to provide a means of assessing the comparative performance of aid donors. DAC statistics are used extensively in the Peer Reviews conducted for each DAC member every four to five years, and have a wide range of other applications. They are used to measure donors' compliance with various international recommendations in the field of development co-operation (terms, volume), and are indispensable for analysis of virtually every aspect of development and development co-operation. From 1960 to 1990, official development assistance (ODA) flows from DAC countries to developing countries rose steadily, but then fell sharply in the 1990s. Since then, a series of high-profile international conferences have boosted ODA flows. In the mid-2000s, ODA once again rose due to exceptional debt relief operations for Iraq and Nigeria. Despite the recent financial crisis, ODA flows have continued to rise and in the early 2010s reached their highest real level ever at about US $130 billion. This demonstrates effectiveness of aid pledges, especially when they are made on the basis of adequate resources and backed by strong political will.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on ODA is for aid-receiving countries. The data cover loans and grants from DAC member countries, multilateral organizations, and non-DAC donors. They do not reflect aid given by recipient countries to other developing countries. As a result, some countries that are net donors are shown as aid recipients. The indicator does not distinguish types of aid (program, project, or food aid; emergency assistance; or post-conflict peacekeeping assistance), which may have different effects on the economy. Ratio of aid to imports of goods and services provides measures of recipient country's dependency on aid. But care must be taken in drawing policy conclusions. For foreign policy reasons some countries have traditionally received large amounts of aid. Thus aid dependency ratio may reveal as much about a donor's interests as about a recipient's needs. Data on imports are compiled from customs reports and balance of payments data. Although data from the payments side provide reasonably reliable records of cross-border transactions, they may not adhere strictly to the appropriate definitions of valuation and timing used in the balance of payments or correspond to the change of ownership criterion. This issue has assumed greater significance with the increasing globalization of international business. Neither customs nor balance of payments data usually capture the illegal transactions that occur in many countries. Goods carried by travelers across borders in league but unreported shuttle trade may further distort trade statistics. Because the indicator relies on information from donors, it is not necessarily consistent with information recorded by recipients in the balance of payments, which often excludes all or some technical assistance - particularly payments to expatriates made directly by the donor. Similarly, grant commodity aid may not always be recorded in trade data or in the balance of payments. Moreover, DAC statistics exclude aid for military and antiterrorism purposes. The aggregates refer to World Bank classifications of economies and therefore may differ from those of the OECD.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Net official development assistance (ODA) per capita consists of disbursements of loans made on concessional terms (net of repayments of principal) and grants by official agencies of the members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), by multilateral institutions, and by non-DAC countries to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. It includes loans with a grant element of at least 25 percent (calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent). Data on imports are compiled from customs reports and balance of payments data. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income (factor services in the 1969 SNA) and transfer payments. The flows of official and private financial resources from the members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) to developing economies are compiled by DAC, based principally on reporting by DAC members using standard questionnaires issued by the DAC Secretariat. The ODA excludes nonconcessional flows from official creditors, which are classified as "other official flows," and aid for military and anti-terrorism purposes. Transfer payments to private individuals, such as pensions, reparations, and insurance payouts, are in general not counted. In addition to financial flows, ODA includes technical cooperation, most expenditures for peacekeeping under UN mandates and assistance to refugees, contributions to multilateral institutions such as the United Nations and its specialized agencies, and concessional funding to multilateral development banks. Flows are transfers of resources, either in cash or in the form of commodities or services measured on a cash basis. Short-term capital transactions (with one year or less maturity) are not counted. Repayments of the principal (but not interest) of ODA loans are recorded as negative flows. Proceeds from official equity investments in a developing country are reported as ODA, while proceeds from their later sale are recorded as negative flows. The official development assistance estimates are published annually at the end of the calendar year in International Development Statistics (IDS) database. Net ODA received as a percent of imports of goods and services is calculated using values in U.S. dollars converted at official exchange rates.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual