Net ODA received (% of GNI) - Country Ranking

Definition: Net official development assistance (ODA) consists of disbursements of loans made on concessional terms (net of repayments of principal) and grants by official agencies of the members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), by multilateral institutions, and by non-DAC countries to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients. It includes loans with a grant element of at least 25 percent (calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent).

Source: Development Assistance Committee of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Geographical Distribution of Financial Flows to Developing Countries, Development Co-operation Report, and International Development Statistics database. Data

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Tuvalu 89.20 2015
2 Liberia 62.40 2015
3 Central African Republic 30.61 2015
4 Nauru 25.11 2015
5 Somalia 22.97 2015
6 Sierra Leone 22.56 2015
7 Afghanistan 21.86 2015
8 Kiribati 19.14 2015
9 Malawi 17.01 2015
10 Solomon Islands 16.95 2015
11 Tonga 15.55 2015
12 São Tomé and Principe 15.55 2015
13 Rwanda 13.42 2015
14 Mozambique 12.52 2015
15 Vanuatu 12.32 2014
16 The Gambia 12.27 2015
17 Niger 12.26 2015
18 Burundi 11.98 2015
19 Kyrgyz Republic 11.98 2015
20 Haiti 11.90 2015
21 Samoa 11.89 2015
22 Comoros 11.55 2015
23 New Caledonia 10.29 1999
24 Cabo Verde 10.06 2015
25 Burkina Faso 9.99 2015
26 Djibouti 9.56 2005
27 Mali 9.45 2015
28 Guinea-Bissau 9.02 2015
29 Dem. Rep. Congo 7.78 2015
30 Timor-Leste 7.33 2015
31 Madagascar 7.23 2015
32 Mauritania 6.82 2015
33 Senegal 6.64 2015
34 Guinea 6.49 2015
35 Uganda 6.12 2015
36 Jordan 5.80 2015
37 Tanzania 5.75 2015
38 Chad 5.75 2015
39 Nepal 5.59 2015
40 Zimbabwe 5.50 2015
41 Togo 5.38 2015
42 Palau 5.25 2015
43 Benin 5.21 2015
44 Bhutan 5.18 2015
45 Eritrea 5.16 2011
46 Ethiopia 5.04 2015
47 Ghana 4.86 2015
48 Tajikistan 4.54 2015
49 Moldova 4.48 2015
50 Yemen 4.21 2015
51 Cambodia 4.00 2015
52 St. Kitts and Nevis 3.93 2013
53 Kenya 3.92 2015
54 Zambia 3.83 2015
55 Nicaragua 3.57 2015
56 Lao PDR 3.43 2015
57 Georgia 3.29 2015
58 Armenia 3.16 2015
59 Lesotho 2.98 2015
60 Albania 2.98 2015
61 Papua New Guinea 2.85 2015
62 Honduras 2.76 2015
63 Bolivia 2.47 2015
64 Fiji 2.45 2015
65 Grenada 2.41 2015
66 Montenegro 2.41 2015
67 Swaziland 2.28 2015
68 Dominica 2.21 2015
69 Macedonia 2.20 2015
70 Mongolia 2.18 2015
71 Cameroon 2.18 2015
72 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.18 2015
73 Israel 2.08 1996
74 Myanmar 2.04 2015
75 Côte d'Ivoire 2.03 2015
76 Lebanon 1.99 2015
77 Libya 1.84 2011
78 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.76 2015
79 Vietnam 1.72 2015
80 Belize 1.66 2015
81 Ukraine 1.62 2015
82 Morocco 1.38 2015
83 Pakistan 1.32 2015
84 Bangladesh 1.24 2015
85 Namibia 1.24 2015
86 Tunisia 1.13 2015
87 Congo 1.05 2015
88 Sudan 1.02 2015
89 Guyana 0.97 2015
90 Serbia 0.88 2015
91 St. Lucia 0.86 2015
92 Iraq 0.83 2015
93 Egypt 0.76 2015
94 Gabon 0.76 2015
95 Mauritius 0.66 2015
96 Guatemala 0.66 2015
97 Uzbekistan 0.66 2015
98 Sri Lanka 0.54 2015
99 Nigeria 0.52 2015
100 Seychelles 0.50 2015
101 Colombia 0.47 2015
102 Bahrain 0.46 2004
103 Botswana 0.46 2015
104 South Africa 0.46 2015
105 Dominican Republic 0.43 2015
106 Jamaica 0.41 2015
107 Angola 0.39 2015
108 Barbados 0.37 2010
109 El Salvador 0.35 2015
110 Suriname 0.32 2015
111 Ecuador 0.32 2015
112 Turkey 0.25 2015
113 Malta 0.23 2002
114 Cyprus 0.23 1996
115 Croatia 0.23 2010
116 Slovenia 0.23 2002
117 Paraguay 0.22 2015
118 Syrian Arab Republic 0.21 2007
119 Costa Rica 0.21 2015
120 Belarus 0.19 2015
121 Peru 0.18 2015
122 India 0.15 2015
123 Philippines 0.15 2015
124 Azerbaijan 0.14 2015
125 Cuba 0.13 2013
126 Antigua and Barbuda 0.11 2015
127 The Bahamas 0.11 1995
128 Brunei 0.09 1995
129 Equatorial Guinea 0.09 2015
130 Turkmenistan 0.07 2015
131 Brazil 0.06 2015
132 Algeria 0.05 2015
133 Kazakhstan 0.05 2015
134 Qatar 0.04 1995
135 Uruguay 0.04 2015
136 Iran 0.03 2015
137 Mexico 0.03 2015
138 Chile 0.02 2015
139 Trinidad and Tobago 0.02 2010
140 Singapore 0.02 1995
141 Panama 0.02 2015
142 Thailand 0.02 2015
143 Kuwait 0.01 1995
144 Venezuela 0.01 2014
145 Hong Kong SAR, China 0.01 1996
146 Macao SAR, China 0.01 1999
147 Malaysia 0.00 2015
148 China 0.00 2015
149 Argentina 0.00 2015
150 Indonesia -0.01 2015
151 Korea -0.01 1999
152 Saudi Arabia -0.03 2007
153 Oman -0.04 2010

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Development Relevance: The ratio of aid to GNI provides a measure of recipient country's dependency on aid. Ratios of aid are generally much higher in Sub-Saharan Africa than in other regions, and they increased in the 1980s. High ratios are due only in part to aid flows. Many African countries saw severe erosion in their terms of trade in the 1980s, along with weak policies, falling incomes, imports, and investment. Thus the increase in aid dependency ratios reflects events affecting both the numerator (aid) and the denominator (GNI). DAC exists to help its members coordinate their development assistance and to encourage the expansion and improve the effectiveness of the aggregate resources flowing to recipient economies. In this capacity DAC monitors the flow of all financial resources, but its main concern is official development assistance (ODA). Grants or loans to countries and territories on the DAC list of aid recipients have to meet three criteria to be counted as ODA. They are provided by official agencies, including state and local governments, or by their executive agencies. They promote economic development and welfare as the main objective. And they are provided on concessional financial terms (loans must have a grant element of at least 25 percent, calculated at a discount rate of 10 percent). The DAC Statistical Reporting Directives provide the most detailed explanation of this definition and all ODA-related rules. DAC statistics aim to meet the needs of policy makers in the field of development co-operation, and to provide a means of assessing the comparative performance of aid donors. DAC statistics are used extensively in the Peer Reviews conducted for each DAC member every four to five years, and have a wide range of other applications. They are used to measure donors' compliance with various international recommendations in the field of development co-operation (terms, volume), and are indispensable for analysis of virtually every aspect of development and development co-operation. From 1960 to 1990, official development assistance (ODA) flows from DAC countries to developing countries rose steadily, but then fell sharply in the 1990s. Since then, a series of high-profile international conferences have boosted ODA flows. In the mid-2000s, ODA once again rose due to exceptional debt relief operations for Iraq and Nigeria. Despite the recent financial crisis, ODA flows have continued to rise and in the early 2010s reached their highest real level ever at about US $130 billion. This demonstrates effectiveness of aid pledges, especially when they are made on the basis of adequate resources and backed by strong political will.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on ODA is for aid-receiving countries. The data cover loans and grants from DAC member countries, multilateral organizations, and non-DAC donors. They do not reflect aid given by recipient countries to other developing countries. As a result, some countries that are net donors are shown as aid recipients. The indicator does not distinguish types of aid (program, project, or food aid; emergency assistance; or post-conflict peacekeeping assistance), which may have different effects on the economy. Ratio of aid to gross national income (GNI) provides measures of recipient country's dependency on aid. But care must be taken in drawing policy conclusions. For foreign policy reasons some countries have traditionally received large amounts of aid. Thus aid dependency ratio may reveal as much about a donor's interests as about a recipient's needs. Because the indicator relies on information from donors, it is not necessarily consistent with information recorded by recipients in the balance of payments, which often excludes all or some technical assistance - particularly payments to expatriates made directly by the donor. Similarly, grant commodity aid may not always be recorded in trade data or in the balance of payments. Moreover, DAC statistics exclude aid for military and antiterrorism purposes. The aggregates refer to World Bank classifications of economies and therefore may differ from those of the OECD.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The ODA excludes nonconcessional flows from official creditors, which are classified as "other official flows," and aid for military and anti-terrorism purposes. Transfer payments to private individuals, such as pensions, reparations, and insurance payouts, are in general not counted. In addition to financial flows, ODA includes technical cooperation, most expenditures for peacekeeping under UN mandates and assistance to refugees, contributions to multilateral institutions such as the United Nations and its specialized agencies, and concessional funding to multilateral development banks. The flows of official and private financial resources from the members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) to developing economies are compiled by DAC, based principally on reporting by DAC members using standard questionnaires issued by the DAC Secretariat. The ODA excludes nonconcessional flows from official creditors, which are classified as "other official flows," and aid for military and anti-terrorism purposes. Transfer payments to private individuals, such as pensions, reparations, and insurance payouts, are in general not counted. In addition to financial flows, ODA includes technical cooperation, most expenditures for peacekeeping under UN mandates and assistance to refugees, contributions to multilateral institutions such as the United Nations and its specialized agencies, and concessional funding to multilateral development banks. Flows are transfers of resources, either in cash or in the form of commodities or services measured on a cash basis. Short-term capital transactions (with one year or less maturity) are not counted. Repayments of the principal (but not interest) of ODA loans are recorded as negative flows. Proceeds from official equity investments in a developing country are reported as ODA, while proceeds from their later sale are recorded as negative flows. The official development assistance estimates are published annually at the end of the calendar year in International Development Statistics (IDS) database. Net ODA received as a percent of GNI is calculated using values in U.S. dollars converted at official exchange rates.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual