External debt stocks, public and publicly guaranteed (PPG) (DOD, current US$) - Country Ranking

Definition: Public and publicly guaranteed debt comprises long-term external obligations of public debtors, including the national government, Public Corporations, State Owned Enterprises, Development Banks and Other Mixed Enterprises, political subdivisions (or an agency of either), autonomous public bodies, and external obligations of private debtors that are guaranteed for repayment by a public entity. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Source: World Bank, International Debt Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Mexico 295,042,000,000.00 2018
2 China 243,455,000,000.00 2018
3 Indonesia 217,684,000,000.00 2018
4 Brazil 190,143,000,000.00 2018
5 India 180,508,000,000.00 2018
6 Russia 177,150,000,000.00 2018
7 Argentina 131,182,000,000.00 2018
8 Turkey 121,361,000,000.00 2018
9 Egypt 78,697,910,000.00 2018
10 South Africa 77,028,620,000.00 2018
11 Colombia 76,043,930,000.00 2018
12 Venezuela 70,837,120,000.00 2018
13 Pakistan 64,492,780,000.00 2018
14 Vietnam 53,321,090,000.00 2018
15 Angola 38,208,200,000.00 2018
16 Romania 37,953,690,000.00 2018
17 Bangladesh 36,664,120,000.00 2018
18 Philippines 36,345,650,000.00 2018
19 Ukraine 36,220,920,000.00 2018
20 Thailand 35,606,010,000.00 2018
21 Ecuador 35,567,490,000.00 2018
22 Sri Lanka 34,319,360,000.00 2018
23 Lebanon 33,069,520,000.00 2018
24 Morocco 32,102,610,000.00 2018
25 Ethiopia 27,035,590,000.00 2018
26 Kenya 26,876,140,000.00 2018
27 Nigeria 24,422,080,000.00 2018
28 Kazakhstan 24,181,410,000.00 2018
29 Dominican Republic 23,485,030,000.00 2018
30 Tunisia 22,153,080,000.00 2018
31 Belarus 19,987,670,000.00 2018
32 Peru 18,073,010,000.00 2018
33 Ghana 17,920,340,000.00 2018
34 Jordan 16,482,090,000.00 2018
35 Sudan 15,672,160,000.00 2018
36 Serbia 15,088,180,000.00 2018
37 Azerbaijan 13,957,500,000.00 2018
38 Myanmar 13,700,810,000.00 2018
39 Tanzania 12,791,820,000.00 2018
40 Côte d'Ivoire 12,696,450,000.00 2018
41 Senegal 11,800,400,000.00 2018
42 Costa Rica 11,340,340,000.00 2018
43 Bulgaria 11,137,520,000.00 2018
44 Mozambique 11,057,760,000.00 2018
45 Zambia 9,986,883,000.00 2018
46 Bolivia 9,903,917,000.00 2018
47 Jamaica 9,771,564,000.00 2018
48 Cameroon 9,633,386,000.00 2018
49 El Salvador 9,604,884,000.00 2018
50 Uzbekistan 9,481,020,000.00 2018
51 Lao PDR 9,161,357,000.00 2018
52 Guatemala 8,428,249,000.00 2018
53 Mongolia 7,856,425,000.00 2018
54 Uganda 7,716,303,000.00 2018
55 Honduras 7,031,304,000.00 2018
56 Cambodia 6,730,933,000.00 2018
57 Paraguay 6,398,872,000.00 2018
58 Georgia 6,279,555,000.00 2018
59 Yemen 6,205,194,000.00 2018
60 Gabon 5,977,743,000.00 2018
61 Armenia 5,371,183,000.00 2018
62 Nicaragua 5,093,732,000.00 2018
63 Bosnia and Herzegovina 4,965,835,000.00 2018
64 Nepal 4,940,914,000.00 2018
65 Congo 4,727,705,000.00 2018
66 Albania 4,562,882,000.00 2018
67 Mali 4,344,039,000.00 2018
68 North Macedonia 4,060,968,000.00 2018
69 Dem. Rep. Congo 4,037,687,000.00 2018
70 Zimbabwe 3,970,265,000.00 2018
71 Mauritania 3,709,790,000.00 2018
72 Kyrgyz Republic 3,685,167,000.00 2018
73 Syrian Arab Republic 3,652,263,000.00 2018
74 Montenegro 3,421,537,000.00 2018
75 Papua New Guinea 3,407,996,000.00 2018
76 Benin 3,390,290,000.00 2018
77 Rwanda 3,306,386,000.00 2018
78 Burkina Faso 3,005,778,000.00 2018
79 Madagascar 2,888,125,000.00 2018
80 Niger 2,878,498,000.00 2018
81 Tajikistan 2,857,001,000.00 2018
82 Chad 2,833,638,000.00 2018
83 Bhutan 2,481,647,000.00 2018
84 Djibouti 2,040,883,000.00 2018
85 Haiti 2,011,909,000.00 2018
86 Afghanistan 1,949,348,000.00 2018
87 Malawi 1,928,886,000.00 2018
88 Somalia 1,889,374,000.00 2018
89 Cabo Verde 1,721,136,000.00 2018
90 Algeria 1,522,776,000.00 2018
91 Moldova 1,449,644,000.00 2018
92 Mauritius 1,429,559,000.00 2018
93 Botswana 1,417,998,000.00 2018
94 Belize 1,258,632,000.00 2018
95 Togo 1,215,759,000.00 2018
96 Guyana 1,205,911,000.00 2018
97 Guinea 1,082,622,000.00 2018
98 Sierra Leone 1,023,325,000.00 2018
99 Lesotho 820,450,100.00 2018
100 Liberia 815,289,300.00 2018
101 Eritrea 735,322,000.00 2018
102 Fiji 713,563,900.00 2018
103 The Gambia 579,393,500.00 2018
104 St. Lucia 499,800,000.00 2018
105 Grenada 488,609,400.00 2018
106 Turkmenistan 468,927,100.00 2018
107 Burundi 422,726,700.00 2018
108 Eswatini 418,213,800.00 2018
109 Central African Republic 409,488,200.00 2018
110 Samoa 403,181,700.00 2018
111 Iran 381,755,600.00 2018
112 Guinea-Bissau 325,569,500.00 2018
113 Vanuatu 313,804,800.00 2018
114 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 310,228,800.00 2018
115 Dominica 243,657,100.00 2018
116 São Tomé and Principe 223,065,500.00 2018
117 St. Kitts and Nevis 198,148,000.00 2010
118 Tonga 179,529,900.00 2018
119 Comoros 167,648,300.00 2018
120 Timor-Leste 144,718,400.00 2018
121 Solomon Islands 96,018,480.00 2018

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Development Relevance: External indebtedness affects a country's creditworthiness and investor perceptions. Nonreporting countries might have outstanding debt with the World Bank, other international financial institutions, or private creditors. Total debt service is contrasted with countries' ability to obtain foreign exchange through exports of goods, services, primary income, and workers' remittances. Debt ratios are used to assess the sustainability of a country's debt service obligations, but no absolute rules determine what values are too high. Empirical analysis of developing countries' experience and debt service performance shows that debt service difficulties become increasingly likely when the present value of debt reaches 200 percent of exports. Still, what constitutes a sustainable debt burden varies by country. Countries with fast-growing economies and exports are likely to be able to sustain higher debt levels.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data on external debt are gathered through the World Bank's Debtor Reporting System (DRS). Long term debt data are compiled using the countries report on public and publicly guaranteed borrowing on a loan-by-loan basis and private non guaranteed borrowing on an aggregate basis. These data are supplemented by information from major multilateral banks and official lending agencies in major creditor countries. Short-term debt data are gathered from the Quarterly External Debt Statistics (QEDS) database, jointly developed by the World Bank and the IMF and from creditors through the reporting systems of the Bank for International Settlements. Debt data are reported in the currency of repayment and compiled and published in U.S. dollars. End-of-period exchange rates are used for the compilation of stock figures (amount of debt outstanding), and projected debt service and annual average exchange rates are used for the flows. Exchange rates are taken from the IMF's International Financial Statistics. Debt repayable in multiple currencies, goods, or services and debt with a provision for maintenance of the value of the currency of repayment are shown at book value.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual