External debt stocks, long-term (DOD, current US$) - Country Ranking

Definition: Long-term debt is debt that has an original or extended maturity of more than one year. It has three components: public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed debt. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Source: World Bank, International Debt Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 China $733,682,000,000.00 2018
2 Brazil $486,963,000,000.00 2018
3 India $411,686,000,000.00 2018
4 Russia $397,750,000,000.00 2018
5 Mexico $387,931,000,000.00 2018
6 Turkey $328,228,000,000.00 2018
7 Indonesia $314,078,000,000.00 2018
8 Argentina $182,011,000,000.00 2018
9 Kazakhstan $148,077,000,000.00 2018
10 South Africa $140,193,000,000.00 2018
11 Colombia $118,808,000,000.00 2018
12 Thailand $107,586,000,000.00 2018
13 Venezuela $105,140,000,000.00 2018
14 Romania $94,884,060,000.00 2018
15 Vietnam $88,073,530,000.00 2018
16 Ukraine $80,824,580,000.00 2018
17 Egypt $79,143,600,000.00 2018
18 Pakistan $75,379,470,000.00 2018
19 Lebanon $73,528,880,000.00 2018
20 Philippines $61,591,140,000.00 2018
21 Peru $55,850,830,000.00 2018
22 Angola $50,877,550,000.00 2018
23 Nigeria $43,907,480,000.00 2018
24 Ecuador $43,502,320,000.00 2018
25 Sri Lanka $42,900,160,000.00 2018
26 Bangladesh $41,556,540,000.00 2018
27 Morocco $40,802,990,000.00 2018
28 Serbia $31,607,260,000.00 2018
29 Dominican Republic $31,496,280,000.00 2018
30 Bulgaria $29,329,250,000.00 2018
31 Belarus $28,728,880,000.00 2018
32 Kenya $28,086,320,000.00 2018
33 Ethiopia $27,035,590,000.00 2018
34 Mongolia $25,991,710,000.00 2018
35 Tunisia $24,289,310,000.00 2018
36 Costa Rica $24,231,730,000.00 2018
37 Guatemala $21,155,500,000.00 2018
38 Jordan $19,552,800,000.00 2018
39 Ghana $18,173,530,000.00 2018
40 Zambia $17,734,540,000.00 2018
41 Papua New Guinea $17,082,290,000.00 2018
42 Uzbekistan $16,541,870,000.00 2018
43 Tanzania $16,409,120,000.00 2018
44 Sudan $15,672,160,000.00 2018
45 Azerbaijan $15,428,870,000.00 2018
46 El Salvador $15,187,910,000.00 2018
47 Lao PDR $15,113,410,000.00 2018
48 Bosnia and Herzegovina $15,091,210,000.00 2018
49 Georgia $14,033,170,000.00 2018
50 Myanmar $13,714,980,000.00 2018
51 Côte d'Ivoire $13,707,770,000.00 2018
52 Mozambique $13,683,480,000.00 2018
53 Jamaica $13,239,760,000.00 2018
54 Cambodia $12,852,720,000.00 2018
55 Bolivia $12,348,920,000.00 2018
56 Senegal $12,242,720,000.00 2018
57 Uganda $11,580,940,000.00 2018
58 Paraguay $11,033,390,000.00 2018
59 Cameroon $10,336,010,000.00 2018
60 Nicaragua $10,059,480,000.00 2018
61 Armenia $9,434,184,000.00 2018
62 Honduras $8,672,304,000.00 2018
63 Zimbabwe $8,441,162,000.00 2018
64 Montenegro $7,707,995,000.00 2018
65 Albania $7,487,037,000.00 2018
66 Kyrgyz Republic $7,374,664,000.00 2018
67 North Macedonia $7,308,889,000.00 2018
68 Mauritius $6,278,636,000.00 2018
69 Yemen $6,205,194,000.00 2018
70 Gabon $5,977,743,000.00 2018
71 Rwanda $5,075,846,000.00 2018
72 Nepal $5,070,262,000.00 2018
73 Tajikistan $4,932,504,000.00 2018
74 Moldova $4,890,550,000.00 2018
75 Congo $4,727,705,000.00 2018
76 Mali $4,344,039,000.00 2018
77 Dem. Rep. Congo $4,037,687,000.00 2018
78 Mauritania $3,709,790,000.00 2018
79 Syrian Arab Republic $3,652,263,000.00 2018
80 Benin $3,390,290,000.00 2018
81 Burkina Faso $3,016,770,000.00 2018
82 Djibouti $2,983,650,000.00 2018
83 Madagascar $2,980,425,000.00 2018
84 Niger $2,878,498,000.00 2018
85 Chad $2,833,638,000.00 2018
86 Bhutan $2,536,512,000.00 2018
87 Haiti $2,012,146,000.00 2018
88 Afghanistan $1,966,348,000.00 2018
89 Malawi $1,928,886,000.00 2018
90 Somalia $1,889,374,000.00 2018
91 Algeria $1,724,806,000.00 2018
92 Cabo Verde $1,721,136,000.00 2018
93 Botswana $1,417,998,000.00 2018
94 Guyana $1,362,897,000.00 2018
95 Belize $1,351,452,000.00 2018
96 Togo $1,215,759,000.00 2018
97 Guinea $1,082,622,000.00 2018
98 Sierra Leone $1,023,325,000.00 2018
99 Liberia $866,440,300.00 2018
100 Lesotho $820,450,100.00 2018
101 Eritrea $735,322,000.00 2018
102 Fiji $713,933,900.00 2018
103 The Gambia $579,393,500.00 2018
104 Turkmenistan $503,577,100.00 2018
105 St. Lucia $499,800,000.00 2018
106 Grenada $488,609,400.00 2018
107 Burundi $422,726,700.00 2018
108 Eswatini $418,213,800.00 2018
109 Central African Republic $409,488,200.00 2018
110 Samoa $403,181,700.00 2018
111 Iran $381,755,600.00 2018
112 Solomon Islands $328,353,500.00 2018
113 Guinea-Bissau $325,569,500.00 2018
114 Vanuatu $313,804,800.00 2018
115 St. Vincent and the Grenadines $310,228,800.00 2018
116 Dominica $243,657,100.00 2018
117 São Tomé and Principe $223,065,500.00 2018
118 Tonga $179,529,900.00 2018
119 Comoros $167,648,300.00 2018
120 Timor-Leste $144,718,400.00 2018

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Development Relevance: External indebtedness affects a country's creditworthiness and investor perceptions. Nonreporting countries might have outstanding debt with the World Bank, other international financial institutions, or private creditors. Total debt service is contrasted with countries' ability to obtain foreign exchange through exports of goods, services, primary income, and workers' remittances. Debt ratios are used to assess the sustainability of a country's debt service obligations, but no absolute rules determine what values are too high. Empirical analysis of developing countries' experience and debt service performance shows that debt service difficulties become increasingly likely when the present value of debt reaches 200 percent of exports. Still, what constitutes a sustainable debt burden varies by country. Countries with fast-growing economies and exports are likely to be able to sustain higher debt levels.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Data on external debt are gathered through the World Bank's Debtor Reporting System (DRS). Long term debt data are compiled using the countries report on public and publicly guaranteed borrowing on a loan-by-loan basis and private non guaranteed borrowing on an aggregate basis. These data are supplemented by information from major multilateral banks and official lending agencies in major creditor countries. Short-term debt data are gathered from the Quarterly External Debt Statistics (QEDS) database, jointly developed by the World Bank and the IMF and from creditors through the reporting systems of the Bank for International Settlements. Debt data are reported in the currency of repayment and compiled and published in U.S. dollars. End-of-period exchange rates are used for the compilation of stock figures (amount of debt outstanding), and projected debt service and annual average exchange rates are used for the flows. Exchange rates are taken from the IMF's International Financial Statistics. Debt repayable in multiple currencies, goods, or services and debt with a provision for maintenance of the value of the currency of repayment are shown at book value.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual