Food production index (2004-2006 = 100) - Country Ranking

Definition: Food production index covers food crops that are considered edible and that contain nutrients. Coffee and tea are excluded because, although edible, they have no nutritive value.

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Lao PDR 211.35 2016
2 Sierra Leone 201.22 2016
3 Bahrain 200.76 2016
4 Angola 192.85 2016
5 Kuwait 191.59 2016
6 Cambodia 187.64 2016
7 Paraguay 183.72 2016
8 Cameroon 181.65 2016
9 Zambia 179.77 2016
10 Niger 176.35 2016
11 Mali 175.83 2016
12 Qatar 169.67 2016
13 Brunei 169.47 2016
14 Ukraine 169.07 2016
15 Tanzania 168.95 2016
16 Ethiopia 161.89 2016
17 Benin 161.65 2016
18 Guatemala 161.54 2016
19 Mongolia 160.19 2016
20 Haiti 157.13 2016
21 Uzbekistan 157.08 2016
22 Suriname 156.91 2016
23 Tajikistan 155.46 2016
24 Chad 155.20 2016
25 Ghana 153.14 2016
26 Peru 151.81 2016
27 Latvia 151.72 2016
28 Algeria 151.62 2016
29 Albania 150.93 2016
30 Mozambique 149.73 2016
31 Senegal 148.46 2016
32 Azerbaijan 148.08 2016
33 Dominican Republic 147.54 2016
34 Russia 147.45 2016
35 Malawi 147.18 2016
36 Bolivia 146.43 2016
37 Oman 146.22 2016
38 Jordan 145.50 2016
39 Bangladesh 145.31 2016
40 Togo 145.00 2016
41 Indonesia 144.56 2016
42 India 144.39 2016
43 Guinea-Bissau 143.35 2016
44 Yemen 141.69 2016
45 Kazakhstan 141.39 2016
46 Rwanda 140.61 2016
47 China 139.03 2016
48 Congo 138.11 2016
49 Tonga 137.98 2016
50 Nepal 137.83 2016
51 Lithuania 136.60 2016
52 Brazil 136.50 2016
53 Vietnam 136.18 2016
54 Myanmar 135.83 2016
55 Liberia 135.80 2016
56 Guinea 135.65 2016
57 Armenia 135.37 2016
58 Turkey 134.45 2016
59 Belarus 133.94 2016
60 Djibouti 133.07 2016
61 Malaysia 131.30 2016
62 Sri Lanka 131.27 2016
63 Guyana 131.13 2016
64 Costa Rica 131.03 2016
65 The Bahamas 130.89 2016
66 Pakistan 130.37 2016
67 Bulgaria 129.85 2016
68 Côte d'Ivoire 129.74 2016
69 Estonia 129.45 2016
70 Argentina 129.11 2016
71 Nicaragua 128.52 2016
72 Croatia 128.23 2016
73 Grenada 128.01 2016
74 Burkina Faso 127.42 2016
75 Mexico 126.72 2016
76 Kenya 125.56 2016
77 Afghanistan 125.41 2016
78 Bosnia and Herzegovina 125.39 2016
79 North Macedonia 125.32 2016
80 Egypt 124.98 2016
81 Nigeria 124.55 2016
82 Vanuatu 124.05 2016
83 Iceland 123.37 2016
84 Papua New Guinea 123.05 2016
85 United States 122.32 2016
86 Madagascar 121.29 2016
87 Mauritania 120.03 2016
88 Central African Republic 119.99 2016
89 Burundi 119.85 2016
90 El Salvador 119.84 2016
90 Botswana 119.84 2016
92 Netherlands 119.58 2016
93 Honduras 119.57 2016
94 Gabon 119.32 2016
95 New Zealand 119.15 2016
96 Timor-Leste 118.51 2016
97 Morocco 118.49 2016
98 Kyrgyz Republic 117.81 2016
99 Samoa 117.68 2016
100 Canada 117.66 2016
101 Tunisia 117.64 2016
102 Poland 117.60 2016
103 Libya 117.43 2016
104 Equatorial Guinea 117.26 2016
105 Colombia 116.67 2016
106 South Africa 116.66 2016
107 Uruguay 116.65 2016
108 Panama 114.95 2016
109 Singapore 114.90 2016
110 Chile 114.79 2016
111 Thailand 114.55 2016
112 Ecuador 114.35 2016
113 Philippines 113.99 2016
114 Eswatini 113.83 2016
115 Nauru 113.69 2016
116 Iran 113.29 2016
117 Turkmenistan 113.04 2016
118 Romania 112.93 2016
119 Solomon Islands 112.42 2016
120 São Tomé and Principe 111.36 2016
121 Tuvalu 110.72 2016
122 Dominica 110.45 2016
123 Ireland 110.02 2016
124 Cuba 109.99 2016
125 Luxembourg 109.81 2016
126 Israel 109.69 2016
127 Comoros 108.68 2016
128 Portugal 108.59 2016
129 Dem. Rep. Congo 108.46 2016
130 Somalia 107.95 2016
131 Germany 107.92 2016
132 Venezuela 107.73 2016
133 Norway 107.38 2016
134 Saudi Arabia 107.06 2016
135 Sudan 106.86 2011
136 The Gambia 106.73 2016
137 New Caledonia 106.27 2016
138 Jamaica 105.58 2016
138 Australia 105.58 2016
140 Eritrea 104.59 2016
141 Puerto Rico 104.00 2016
142 Seychelles 103.99 2016
143 Spain 103.90 2016
144 United Kingdom 103.82 2016
145 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 103.62 2016
146 Denmark 103.33 2016
147 Cayman Islands 103.05 2016
148 Korea 102.84 2016
148 Switzerland 102.84 2016
150 Czech Republic 102.48 2016
151 United Arab Emirates 102.28 2016
152 Bhutan 102.11 2016
153 Slovak Republic 101.77 2016
154 Austria 101.29 2016
155 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 100.79 2016
156 Sweden 99.64 2016
157 Serbia 98.59 2016
158 Uganda 98.31 2016
159 Greenland 97.72 2016
160 Moldova 97.43 2016
161 Finland 97.26 2016
162 Liechtenstein 97.02 2016
163 Trinidad and Tobago 96.14 2016
164 France 96.07 2016
165 Cabo Verde 95.56 2016
166 Lesotho 95.32 2016
167 Greece 95.10 2016
168 Belize 94.19 2016
169 Italy 92.59 2016
170 Namibia 92.56 2016
171 Japan 92.18 2016
172 Mauritius 91.81 2016
173 Malta 90.31 2016
174 Macao SAR, China 90.05 2016
175 Zimbabwe 88.75 2016
176 Slovenia 88.70 2016
177 Lebanon 87.87 2016
178 Hungary 87.20 2016
179 Syrian Arab Republic 85.25 2016
180 Barbados 85.02 2016
181 Belgium 84.89 2016
182 Fiji 83.03 2016
183 Cyprus 79.14 2016
184 Georgia 71.48 2016
185 Antigua and Barbuda 69.89 2016
186 Iraq 66.64 2016
187 St. Lucia 64.41 2016
188 Montenegro 63.25 2016
189 Kiribati 60.39 2016
190 Hong Kong SAR, China 59.30 2016
191 St. Kitts and Nevis 39.12 2016

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Development Relevance: The commodities covered in the computation of indices of agricultural production are all crops and livestock products originating in each country. Practically all products are covered, with the main exception of fodder crops. The category of food production includes commodities that are considered edible and that contain nutrients. Accordingly, coffee and tea are excluded along with inedible commodities because, although edible, they have practically no nutritive value. It should be noted that when calculating indices of agricultural, food and nonfood production, all intermediate primary inputs of agricultural origin are deducted. However, for indices of any other commodity group, only inputs originating from within the same group are deducted; thus, only seed is removed from the group "crops" and from all crop subgroups, such as cereals, oil crops, etc.; and both feed and seed originating from within the livestock sector (e.g. milk feed, hatching eggs) are removed from the group "livestock products". For the main two livestock subgroups, namely, meat and milk, only feed originating from the respective subgroup is removed. Crop production data refer to the actual harvested production from the field or orchard and gardens, excluding harvesting and threshing losses and that part of crop not harvested for any reason. Production therefore includes the quantities of the commodity sold in the market (marketed production) and the quantities consumed or used by the producers (auto-consumption).

Limitations and Exceptions: Agricultural data are collected by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) from official national sources through the questionnaire and are supplemented with information from official secondary data sources. The secondary sources cover official country data from websites of national ministries, national publications and related country data reported by various international organizations. The FAO tries to impose standard definitions and reporting methods, but complete consistency across countries and over time is not possible. Data on agricultural employment, in particular, should be used with caution. In many countries much agricultural employment is informal and unrecorded, including substantial work performed by women and children. To address some of these concerns, this indicator is heavily footnoted in the database in sources, definition, and coverage.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The agricultural production index is prepared by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The FAO indices of agricultural production show the relative level of the aggregate volume of agricultural production for each year in comparison with the base period 2004-2006. They are based on the sum of price-weighted quantities of different agricultural commodities produced after deductions of quantities used as seed and feed weighted in a similar manner. The resulting aggregate represents, therefore, disposable production for any use except as seed and feed. All the indices at the country, regional and world levels are calculated by the Laspeyres formula*. Production quantities of each commodity are weighted by 2004-2006 average international commodity prices and summed for each year. To obtain the index, the aggregate for a given year is divided by the average aggregate for the base period 2004-2006. Since the FAO indices are based on the concept of agriculture as a single enterprise, amounts of seed and feed are subtracted from the production data to avoid double counting, once in the production data and once with the crops or livestock produced from them. Deductions for seed (in the case of eggs, for hatching) and for livestock and poultry feed apply to both domestically produced and imported commodities. They cover only primary agricultural products destined to animal feed (e.g. maize, potatoes, milk, etc.). Processed and semi-processed feed items such as bran, oilcakes, meals and molasses have been completely excluded from the calculations at all stages. It should be noted that when calculating indices of agricultural, food and nonfood production, all intermediate primary inputs of agricultural origin are deducted. However, for indices of any other commodity group, only inputs originating from within the same group are deducted; thus, only seed is removed from the group "crops" and from all crop subgroups, such as cereals, oil crops, etc.; and both feed and seed originating from within the livestock sector (e.g. milk feed, hatching eggs) are removed from the group "livestock products". For the main two livestock subgroups, namely, meat and milk, only feed originating from the respective subgroup is removed. Indices which take into account deductions for feed and seed are referred to as ''net''. Indices calculated without any deductions for feed and seed are referred to as ''gross". The "international commodity prices" are used in order to avoid the use of exchange rates for obtaining continental and world aggregates, and also to improve and facilitate international comparative analysis of productivity at the national level. These" international prices," expressed in so-called "international dollars," are derived using a Geary-Khamis formula** for the agricultural sector. This method assigns a single "price" to each commodity. For example, one metric ton of wheat has the same price regardless of the country where it was produced. The currency unit in which the prices are expressed has no influence on the indices published. The commodities covered in the computation of indices of agricultural production are all crops and livestock products originating in each country. Practically all products are covered, with the main exception of fodder crops. * A Laspeyres Index is known as a "base-weighted" or "fixed-weighted" index because the price increases are weighted by the quantities in the base period. The Consumer Price Index is an example of a Laspeyres Index. http://www.usna.edu/Users/econ/rbrady/312%20Materials/LaspeyresCalc.pdf ** Geary-Khamis formula is an aggregation method in which category "international prices" (reflecting relative category values) and country purchasing power parities (PPPs), (depicting relative country price levels) are estimated simultaneously from a system of linear equations. http://stats.oecd.org/glossary/detail.asp?ID=5528

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Base Period: 2004-06

Periodicity: Annual