Food production index (2004-2006 = 100) - Country Ranking

Definition: Food production index covers food crops that are considered edible and that contain nutrients. Coffee and tea are excluded because, although edible, they have no nutritive value.

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Tajikistan 162.89 2019
2 Burundi 158.72 2019
3 Senegal 154.54 2019
4 Mongolia 141.72 2019
5 Hong Kong SAR, China 138.44 2019
6 Colombia 134.86 2019
7 Oman 132.89 2019
8 Saudi Arabia 132.78 2019
9 Guyana 132.34 2019
10 Malawi 132.15 2019
11 Kuwait 131.86 2019
12 Bahrain 129.32 2019
13 Mozambique 126.71 2019
14 Djibouti 126.33 2019
15 Guinea 125.98 2019
16 Rwanda 122.97 2019
17 Pakistan 121.68 2019
18 Azerbaijan 121.65 2019
19 Iraq 121.54 2019
20 Mali 120.86 2019
21 Cambodia 120.24 2019
22 Niger 119.92 2019
23 Syrian Arab Republic 118.90 2019
24 Qatar 118.89 2019
25 Dominican Republic 118.52 2019
26 Moldova 118.37 2019
27 Chad 118.32 2019
28 Ghana 118.26 2019
29 Peru 116.42 2019
30 Sudan 115.38 2019
31 India 114.65 2019
32 Fiji 114.01 2019
33 Ireland 113.76 2019
34 Côte d'Ivoire 113.47 2019
35 Romania 113.09 2019
36 Argentina 112.79 2019
37 Nepal 112.62 2019
38 Indonesia 112.60 2019
39 Singapore 112.47 2019
40 Nicaragua 112.41 2019
41 Mexico 112.31 2019
42 Kenya 111.83 2019
43 United Arab Emirates 111.74 2019
44 Algeria 111.61 2019
45 Equatorial Guinea 111.40 2019
46 Burkina Faso 111.17 2019
47 Zambia 111.11 2019
48 Turkey 111.10 2019
49 Canada 111.04 2019
50 Afghanistan 110.66 2019
51 Morocco 110.60 2019
52 Luxembourg 110.57 2019
53 Angola 110.16 2019
54 Dem. Rep. Congo 110.13 2019
55 Kyrgyz Republic 110.11 2019
56 Bolivia 110.08 2019
57 Russia 109.97 2019
58 Portugal 109.90 2019
58 Kazakhstan 109.90 2019
60 Brazil 109.51 2019
61 Benin 109.35 2019
62 Ukraine 109.31 2019
63 Togo 109.20 2019
64 Mauritania 108.78 2019
65 Myanmar 108.59 2019
66 Ethiopia 108.43 2019
67 Bangladesh 108.38 2019
68 Sri Lanka 108.13 2019
69 Bulgaria 107.54 2019
70 São Tomé and Principe 107.51 2019
71 Cameroon 107.44 2019
72 Congo 107.42 2019
73 Costa Rica 107.39 2019
74 Serbia 107.35 2019
75 Iceland 107.15 2019
76 Guinea-Bissau 106.87 2019
77 Estonia 106.74 2019
78 Gabon 106.68 2019
79 Nigeria 106.58 2019
80 Spain 106.56 2019
81 Tanzania 106.34 2019
82 Barbados 106.20 2019
83 Honduras 106.18 2019
84 Central African Republic 106.17 2019
85 Cyprus 106.04 2019
86 Tunisia 105.91 2019
87 Sierra Leone 105.79 2019
88 Malaysia 105.59 2019
89 Bosnia and Herzegovina 105.53 2019
90 Guatemala 105.44 2019
91 Jamaica 105.35 2019
92 Papua New Guinea 105.10 2019
93 Georgia 105.09 2019
94 Uzbekistan 105.04 2019
95 Philippines 104.38 2019
96 Trinidad and Tobago 104.33 2019
96 Latvia 104.33 2019
98 St. Lucia 104.30 2019
99 Samoa 104.16 2019
100 Vietnam 103.75 2019
101 Madagascar 103.69 2019
102 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 103.68 2019
103 Panama 103.67 2019
104 United Kingdom 103.56 2019
105 China 103.53 2019
106 Liechtenstein 103.37 2018
107 Chile 103.17 2019
108 Tuvalu 102.80 2019
109 Albania 102.66 2019
110 Solomon Islands 102.65 2019
111 Egypt 102.52 2019
111 Poland 102.52 2019
113 Uruguay 102.38 2019
114 Zimbabwe 102.36 2019
115 Finland 102.16 2019
116 Eritrea 102.01 2019
117 Norway 101.94 2019
118 Montenegro 101.90 2019
119 Libya 101.82 2019
120 South Africa 101.72 2019
121 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 101.60 2019
122 Belgium 101.49 2019
123 Paraguay 101.46 2019
124 New Zealand 101.38 2019
125 Belarus 100.97 2019
126 The Bahamas 100.83 2019
127 Lao PDR 100.77 2019
127 Namibia 100.77 2019
129 Eswatini 100.75 2019
130 Nauru 100.59 2019
131 Lebanon 100.56 2019
132 Korea 100.54 2019
133 Denmark 100.53 2019
134 Cayman Islands 100.41 2018
135 Sweden 100.34 2019
136 Netherlands 100.01 2019
137 Austria 99.95 2019
138 Comoros 99.82 2019
139 Vanuatu 99.81 2019
140 Japan 99.78 2019
141 New Caledonia 99.73 2019
142 United States 99.69 2019
143 Dominica 99.56 2019
144 El Salvador 99.44 2019
145 Slovenia 99.29 2019
146 Bhutan 99.14 2019
147 Suriname 99.03 2019
148 Belize 98.91 2019
149 Ecuador 98.88 2019
150 Thailand 98.71 2019
151 Uganda 98.01 2019
152 Botswana 97.94 2019
153 Slovak Republic 97.80 2019
154 Italy 97.74 2019
155 Timor-Leste 97.46 2019
156 Brunei 97.41 2019
157 France 97.23 2019
158 Turkmenistan 97.16 2019
159 Switzerland 97.12 2019
160 Hungary 97.06 2019
161 Somalia 96.79 2019
162 Yemen 96.50 2019
163 Greenland 96.35 2018
164 Iran 95.92 2019
165 Israel 95.67 2019
166 Lesotho 95.58 2019
167 North Macedonia 95.22 2019
168 Puerto Rico 94.66 2019
169 Jordan 94.60 2019
170 Mauritius 93.95 2019
171 Lithuania 93.92 2019
172 Germany 93.67 2019
173 Kiribati 93.08 2019
174 Czech Republic 93.01 2019
175 Antigua and Barbuda 92.71 2019
176 Seychelles 92.50 2019
177 St. Kitts and Nevis 92.13 2019
178 Haiti 92.12 2019
179 The Gambia 91.95 2019
180 Liberia 91.61 2019
181 Tonga 90.78 2019
182 Venezuela 90.77 2019
183 Australia 88.23 2019
184 Cuba 87.70 2019
185 Grenada 85.46 2019
186 Macao SAR, China 81.88 2019
187 Armenia 81.46 2019
188 Croatia 80.60 2019
189 Cabo Verde 80.42 2019
190 Greece 79.87 2019
191 Malta 70.65 2019

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Development Relevance: The commodities covered in the computation of indices of agricultural production are all crops and livestock products originating in each country. Practically all products are covered, with the main exception of fodder crops. The category of food production includes commodities that are considered edible and that contain nutrients. Accordingly, coffee and tea are excluded along with inedible commodities because, although edible, they have practically no nutritive value. It should be noted that when calculating indices of agricultural, food and nonfood production, all intermediate primary inputs of agricultural origin are deducted. However, for indices of any other commodity group, only inputs originating from within the same group are deducted; thus, only seed is removed from the group "crops" and from all crop subgroups, such as cereals, oil crops, etc.; and both feed and seed originating from within the livestock sector (e.g. milk feed, hatching eggs) are removed from the group "livestock products". For the main two livestock subgroups, namely, meat and milk, only feed originating from the respective subgroup is removed. Crop production data refer to the actual harvested production from the field or orchard and gardens, excluding harvesting and threshing losses and that part of crop not harvested for any reason. Production therefore includes the quantities of the commodity sold in the market (marketed production) and the quantities consumed or used by the producers (auto-consumption).

Limitations and Exceptions: Agricultural data are collected by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) from official national sources through the questionnaire and are supplemented with information from official secondary data sources. The secondary sources cover official country data from websites of national ministries, national publications and related country data reported by various international organizations. The FAO tries to impose standard definitions and reporting methods, but complete consistency across countries and over time is not possible. Data on agricultural employment, in particular, should be used with caution. In many countries much agricultural employment is informal and unrecorded, including substantial work performed by women and children. To address some of these concerns, this indicator is heavily footnoted in the database in sources, definition, and coverage.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The agricultural production index is prepared by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The FAO indices of agricultural production show the relative level of the aggregate volume of agricultural production for each year in comparison with the base period 2004-2006. They are based on the sum of price-weighted quantities of different agricultural commodities produced after deductions of quantities used as seed and feed weighted in a similar manner. The resulting aggregate represents, therefore, disposable production for any use except as seed and feed. All the indices at the country, regional and world levels are calculated by the Laspeyres formula*. Production quantities of each commodity are weighted by 2004-2006 average international commodity prices and summed for each year. To obtain the index, the aggregate for a given year is divided by the average aggregate for the base period 2004-2006. Since the FAO indices are based on the concept of agriculture as a single enterprise, amounts of seed and feed are subtracted from the production data to avoid double counting, once in the production data and once with the crops or livestock produced from them. Deductions for seed (in the case of eggs, for hatching) and for livestock and poultry feed apply to both domestically produced and imported commodities. They cover only primary agricultural products destined to animal feed (e.g. maize, potatoes, milk, etc.). Processed and semi-processed feed items such as bran, oilcakes, meals and molasses have been completely excluded from the calculations at all stages. It should be noted that when calculating indices of agricultural, food and nonfood production, all intermediate primary inputs of agricultural origin are deducted. However, for indices of any other commodity group, only inputs originating from within the same group are deducted; thus, only seed is removed from the group "crops" and from all crop subgroups, such as cereals, oil crops, etc.; and both feed and seed originating from within the livestock sector (e.g. milk feed, hatching eggs) are removed from the group "livestock products". For the main two livestock subgroups, namely, meat and milk, only feed originating from the respective subgroup is removed. Indices which take into account deductions for feed and seed are referred to as ''net''. Indices calculated without any deductions for feed and seed are referred to as ''gross". The "international commodity prices" are used in order to avoid the use of exchange rates for obtaining continental and world aggregates, and also to improve and facilitate international comparative analysis of productivity at the national level. These" international prices," expressed in so-called "international dollars," are derived using a Geary-Khamis formula** for the agricultural sector. This method assigns a single "price" to each commodity. For example, one metric ton of wheat has the same price regardless of the country where it was produced. The currency unit in which the prices are expressed has no influence on the indices published. The commodities covered in the computation of indices of agricultural production are all crops and livestock products originating in each country. Practically all products are covered, with the main exception of fodder crops. * A Laspeyres Index is known as a "base-weighted" or "fixed-weighted" index because the price increases are weighted by the quantities in the base period. The Consumer Price Index is an example of a Laspeyres Index. http://www.usna.edu/Users/econ/rbrady/312%20Materials/LaspeyresCalc.pdf ** Geary-Khamis formula is an aggregation method in which category "international prices" (reflecting relative category values) and country purchasing power parities (PPPs), (depicting relative country price levels) are estimated simultaneously from a system of linear equations. http://stats.oecd.org/glossary/detail.asp?ID=5528

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Base Period: 2004-06

Periodicity: Annual