Cereal production (metric tons) - Country Ranking

Definition: Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded.

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 China 617,930,300.00 2017
2 United States 440,117,200.00 2017
3 India 313,610,000.00 2017
4 Russia 131,143,700.00 2017
5 Brazil 117,784,100.00 2017
6 Indonesia 109,334,000.00 2017
7 Argentina 76,397,220.00 2017
8 France 64,495,960.00 2017
9 Ukraine 60,686,030.00 2017
10 Canada 56,310,740.00 2017
11 Bangladesh 53,332,240.00 2017
12 Australia 50,048,800.00 2017
13 Vietnam 47,877,220.00 2017
14 Germany 45,556,800.00 2017
15 Pakistan 44,097,200.00 2017
16 Thailand 38,717,420.00 2017
17 Mexico 37,487,110.00 2017
18 Turkey 36,126,160.00 2017
19 Poland 31,924,960.00 2017
20 Nigeria 28,873,220.00 2017
21 Myanmar 28,119,280.00 2017
22 Philippines 27,191,840.00 2017
23 Romania 27,139,080.00 2017
24 Ethiopia 26,276,870.00 2017
25 Egypt 23,216,820.00 2017
26 United Kingdom 23,000,070.00 2017
27 Iran 20,980,940.00 2017
28 Kazakhstan 20,129,020.00 2017
29 South Africa 18,905,870.00 2017
30 Spain 16,660,330.00 2017
31 Italy 16,241,040.00 2017
32 Hungary 14,029,430.00 2017
33 Cambodia 11,100,000.00 2017
34 Japan 10,906,390.00 2017
35 Tanzania 10,092,940.00 2017
36 Denmark 10,027,260.00 2017
37 Morocco 9,787,246.00 2017
38 Nepal 9,758,893.00 2017
39 Bulgaria 9,475,846.00 2017
40 Mali 8,866,592.00 2017
41 Belarus 7,529,412.00 2017
42 Czech Republic 7,460,859.00 2017
43 Paraguay 7,207,780.00 2017
44 Uzbekistan 7,043,155.00 2017
45 Serbia 6,814,534.00 2017
46 Sweden 5,949,600.00 2017
47 Niger 5,899,777.00 2017
48 Korea 5,468,187.00 2017
49 Sudan 5,236,294.00 2017
50 Lao PDR 5,232,304.00 2017
51 Lithuania 5,074,188.00 2017
52 Peru 5,062,902.00 2017
53 Afghanistan 4,897,143.00 2017
54 Austria 4,874,921.00 2017
55 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 4,841,326.00 2017
56 Colombia 4,328,820.00 2017
57 Burkina Faso 4,063,197.00 2017
58 Cameroon 4,061,556.00 2017
59 Zambia 3,899,237.00 2017
60 Uganda 3,831,448.00 2017
61 Guinea 3,755,665.00 2017
62 Iraq 3,734,767.00 2017
63 Malawi 3,711,454.00 2017
64 Kenya 3,711,048.00 2017
65 Slovak Republic 3,484,061.00 2017
66 Algeria 3,478,073.00 2017
67 Chile 3,471,209.00 2017
68 Finland 3,422,130.00 2017
69 Madagascar 3,387,220.00 2017
70 Côte d'Ivoire 3,290,000.00 2017
71 Moldova 3,282,555.00 2017
72 Syrian Arab Republic 3,171,006.00 2017
73 Greece 3,148,997.00 2017
74 Ghana 3,083,453.00 2017
75 Dem. Rep. Congo 2,988,342.00 2017
76 Malaysia 2,974,455.00 2017
77 Angola 2,891,266.00 2017
78 Azerbaijan 2,823,836.00 2017
79 Belgium 2,764,392.00 2017
80 Chad 2,716,901.00 2017
81 Latvia 2,692,500.00 2017
82 Uruguay 2,669,701.00 2017
83 Croatia 2,656,778.00 2017
84 Ecuador 2,538,291.00 2017
85 Ireland 2,394,637.00 2017
86 Bolivia 2,321,409.00 2017
87 Guatemala 2,004,356.00 2017
88 Mozambique 1,945,143.00 2017
89 Benin 1,894,163.00 2017
90 Sri Lanka 1,823,162.00 2017
91 Kyrgyz Republic 1,720,429.00 2017
92 Senegal 1,692,684.00 2017
93 Tunisia 1,642,301.00 2017
94 Sierra Leone 1,495,419.00 2017
95 Venezuela 1,475,140.00 2017
96 Saudi Arabia 1,429,022.00 2017
97 Netherlands 1,393,510.00 2017
98 Tajikistan 1,364,951.00 2017
99 Estonia 1,311,893.00 2017
100 Togo 1,301,069.00 2017
101 Norway 1,284,763.00 2017
102 Turkmenistan 1,191,719.00 2017
103 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,167,005.00 2017
104 Portugal 1,118,507.00 2017
105 Zimbabwe 1,102,705.00 2017
106 El Salvador 1,026,000.00 2017
107 Switzerland 976,614.00 2017
108 New Zealand 936,995.00 2017
109 Nicaragua 909,045.00 2017
110 Cuba 791,668.00 2017
111 Honduras 774,813.00 2017
112 Albania 701,734.00 2017
113 North Macedonia 641,018.00 2016
114 Rwanda 634,901.00 2017
115 Guyana 634,104.00 2017
116 Dominican Republic 633,445.00 2017
117 Slovenia 551,579.00 2017
118 Yemen 501,466.00 2017
119 Haiti 484,000.00 2017
120 Panama 445,000.00 2017
121 Burundi 380,776.00 2017
122 Mauritania 357,300.00 2017
123 Liberia 302,692.00 2017
124 Eritrea 302,462.00 2017
125 Armenia 298,029.00 2017
126 Georgia 295,781.00 2017
127 Suriname 274,490.00 2017
128 Mongolia 238,102.00 2017
129 Guinea-Bissau 230,864.00 2017
130 Israel 220,572.00 2017
131 The Gambia 217,833.00 2017
132 Lesotho 216,325.00 2017
133 Bhutan 188,780.00 2017
134 Somalia 187,978.00 2017
135 Timor-Leste 187,104.00 2017
136 Libya 178,922.00 2017
137 Lebanon 163,595.00 2017
138 Costa Rica 159,045.00 2017
139 Luxembourg 149,291.00 2017
140 Central African Republic 142,923.00 2017
141 Namibia 126,809.00 2017
142 Belize 118,376.00 2017
143 Jordan 101,837.00 2017
144 Eswatini 92,304.00 2017
145 Oman 63,411.00 2017
146 Cyprus 48,808.00 2017
147 Gabon 46,898.00 2017
148 Comoros 40,362.00 2017
149 Botswana 39,440.00 2017
150 Congo 30,823.00 2017
151 Papua New Guinea 18,978.00 2017
152 Malta 14,567.00 2017
153 Fiji 10,069.00 2017
154 New Caledonia 9,621.00 2017
155 Iceland 7,400.00 2017
156 Montenegro 7,310.00 2017
157 United Arab Emirates 6,644.00 2017
158 Kuwait 6,103.00 2017
159 Trinidad and Tobago 5,521.00 2017
160 Cabo Verde 5,314.00 2017
161 Solomon Islands 2,789.00 2017
162 Jamaica 2,540.00 2017
163 Brunei 2,349.00 2017
164 Qatar 1,526.00 2017
165 São Tomé and Principe 964.00 2017
166 Vanuatu 904.00 2017
167 The Bahamas 798.00 2017
168 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 633.00 2017
169 Mauritius 602.00 2017
170 Grenada 349.00 2017
171 Puerto Rico 248.00 2017
172 Dominica 189.00 2017
173 Barbados 99.00 2017
174 Antigua and Barbuda 77.00 2017
175 Djibouti 13.00 2017
176 Hong Kong SAR, China 0.00 2017
176 St. Lucia 0.00 1980

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Development Relevance: The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates that cereals supply 51 percent of Calories and 47 percent of protein in the average diet. The total annual cereal production globally is about 2,500 million tons. FAO estimates that maize (corn), wheat and rice together account for more than three-fourths of all grain production worldwide. In developed countries, cereal crops are universally machine-harvested, typically using a combine harvester, which cuts, threshes, and winnows the grain during a single pass across the field. In many industrialized countries, particularly in the United States and Canada, farmers commonly deliver their newly harvested grain to a grain elevator or a storage facility that consolidates the crops of many farmers. In developing countries, a variety of harvesting methods are used in cereal cultivation, depending on the cost of labor, from small combines to hand tools such as the scythe or cradle. Crop production systems have evolved rapidly over the past century and have resulted in significantly increased crop yields, but have also created undesirable environmental side-effects such as soil degradation and erosion, pollution from chemical fertilizers and agrochemicals and a loss of bio-diversity. Factors such as the green revolution, has led to impressive progress in increasing cereals yields over the last few decades. This progress, however, is not equal across all regions. Continued progress depends on maintaining agricultural research and education. The cultivation of cereals varies widely in different countries and depends partly upon the development of the economy. Production depends on the nature of the soil, the amount of rainfall, irrigation, quality of seeds, and the techniques applied to promote growth.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on cereal production may be affected by a variety of reporting and timing differences. Millet and sorghum, which are grown as feed for livestock and poultry in Europe and North America, are used as food in Africa, Asia, and countries of the former Soviet Union. So some cereal crops are excluded from the data for some countries and included elsewhere, depending on their use. The data are collected by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations through annual questionnaires and are supplemented with information from official secondary data sources. The secondary sources cover official country data from websites of national ministries, national publications and related country data reported by various international organizations. The FAO tries to impose standard definitions and reporting methods, but complete consistency across countries and over time is not possible. Thus, data on agricultural land in different climates may not be comparable. For example, permanent pastures are quite different in nature and intensity in African countries and dry Middle Eastern countries. The data collected from official national sources.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: A cereal is a grass cultivated for the edible components of their grain, composed of the endosperm, germ, and bran. Cereal grains are grown in greater quantities and provide more food energy worldwide than any other type of crop; cereal crops therefore can also be called staple crops. Cereals production data relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. Cereal crops harvested for hay or harvested green for food, feed, or silage and those used for grazing are excluded. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) allocates production data to the calendar year in which the bulk of the harvest took place. Most of a crop harvested near the end of a year will be used in the following year.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual