Agricultural machinery, tractors per 100 sq. km of arable land - Country Ranking

Definition: Agricultural machinery refers to the number of wheel and crawler tractors (excluding garden tractors) in use in agriculture at the end of the calendar year specified or during the first quarter of the following year. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. Land abandoned as a result of shifting cultivation is excluded.

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Slovenia 5,895.23 2005
2 Japan 4,532.13 2000
3 New Caledonia 2,854.41 2002
4 Switzerland 2,611.90 2007
5 Austria 2,401.25 2005
6 Italy 2,117.05 2002
7 Trinidad and Tobago 1,972.69 2004
8 Norway 1,539.13 2005
9 Andorra 1,534.78 2009
10 Ireland 1,476.35 2005
11 Cyprus 1,454.17 2000
12 Portugal 1,380.24 2005
13 Poland 1,307.22 2009
14 Netherlands 1,301.53 2005
15 Macedonia 1,243.76 2007
16 Malta 1,213.33 2002
17 São Tomé and Principe 1,170.00 1971
18 Belgium 1,127.05 2005
19 Korea 1,115.43 2000
20 Liechtenstein 1,115.00 1990
21 Luxembourg 1,039.68 2008
22 Greece 1,004.69 2006
23 Iceland 921.94 2009
24 Germany 838.27 2000
25 Spain 831.18 2009
26 Finland 783.51 2005
27 United Kingdom 760.64 1989
28 Antigua and Barbuda 760.00 1976
29 Israel 695.27 2000
30 France 640.25 2005
31 Lebanon 640.00 1999
32 Lithuania 631.64 2008
33 Estonia 604.73 2006
34 Sweden 592.39 2005
35 Puerto Rico 501.54 2007
36 Latvia 501.36 2007
37 Denmark 486.29 2005
38 Malaysia 438.79 1995
39 Chile 425.87 2007
40 Turkey 395.30 2000
41 Egypt 390.57 2008
42 Barbados 360.63 1989
43 Fiji 354.02 2008
44 Turkmenistan 329.79 1993
45 Bosnia and Herzegovina 322.22 1996
46 New Zealand 315.05 1986
47 Tajikistan 310.19 2000
48 Jordan 301.68 2000
49 Seychelles 300.00 1974
50 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 295.40 1984
51 Armenia 291.60 2000
52 Thailand 280.53 2000
53 United States 271.18 2007
54 Vietnam 262.49 2000
55 Czech Republic 262.33 2007
56 Hungary 261.85 2005
57 Brunei 240.00 1983
58 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 224.00 2003
59 Libya 218.91 2000
60 Belize 218.60 1985
61 Georgia 216.89 2000
62 Suriname 215.53 2008
63 Syrian Arab Republic 215.02 2000
64 Cuba 203.20 2007
65 Romania 201.21 2009
66 Uruguay 199.70 2008
67 Moldova 197.61 2008
68 Costa Rica 191.94 1973
69 Kyrgyz Republic 188.14 2000
70 Bulgaria 171.96 2008
71 The Bahamas 163.33 1996
72 Sri Lanka 163.08 1982
73 Canada 162.52 2006
74 Tonga 162.00 2004
75 Slovak Republic 154.65 2008
76 Iran 152.77 2000
77 Azerbaijan 148.18 2000
78 Panama 147.19 2000
79 Tunisia 142.64 2008
80 Algeria 139.58 2008
81 India 129.93 2000
82 Albania 121.93 2008
83 Botswana 120.82 2008
84 Jamaica 120.34 1970
85 Grenada 120.00 1999
86 Philippines 116.81 2000
87 Venezuela 114.33 1977
88 Brazil 113.33 2006
89 Iraq 112.39 2000
90 Nepal 111.72 2000
91 Pakistan 105.22 2000
92 Ukraine 102.69 2009
93 Mexico 101.55 2007
94 Ecuador 90.67 2000
95 Kuwait 89.00 2000
96 Argentina 87.69 2002
97 Swaziland 87.08 2007
98 Belarus 86.76 2009
99 China 83.70 2000
100 Colombia 82.71 1997
101 Guyana 80.59 1977
102 Australia 78.95 1974
103 Dominica 77.14 1968
104 Bahrain 75.00 2000
105 Samoa 72.31 2002
106 Kiribati 70.00 1975
107 Paraguay 68.73 2008
108 Zimbabwe 64.27 1997
109 United Arab Emirates 63.33 2000
110 Qatar 63.08 2000
111 Lesotho 62.50 1995
112 Papua New Guinea 58.88 1997
113 St. Lucia 58.33 2007
114 Oman 58.06 2000
115 St. Kitts and Nevis 55.00 2008
116 El Salvador 54.14 1971
117 Croatia 49.44 2002
118 Morocco 49.02 1999
119 Honduras 48.69 2000
120 South Africa 47.52 2004
121 Djibouti 46.15 2006
122 Yemen 41.04 2000
123 Mongolia 40.03 2000
124 Peru 35.27 1995
125 Côte d'Ivoire 32.08 2001
126 Guatemala 28.64 1970
127 Mauritius 28.30 1968
128 Angola 27.96 1971
129 Russia 27.10 2009
130 Saudi Arabia 26.92 1998
131 Kenya 25.23 2002
132 Guinea 25.07 2000
133 Tanzania 24.66 2002
134 Vanuatu 23.33 1971
135 Zambia 21.92 1987
136 Dominican Republic 20.80 2000
137 Bolivia 19.08 2000
138 Serbia 17.70 2008
139 Kazakhstan 17.27 2000
140 Nicaragua 15.43 1997
141 Mozambique 15.06 1970
142 Sudan 13.23 2008
143 Congo 12.30 1974
144 Somalia 12.03 2006
145 Cabo Verde 11.67 2004
146 Bhutan 11.04 2000
147 Myanmar 10.70 2000
148 Mauritania 9.75 2006
149 Lao PDR 8.51 1981
150 Eritrea 8.27 2000
151 Solomon Islands 7.27 1990
152 Timor-Leste 7.09 1997
153 Nigeria 6.70 2007
154 Cambodia 5.85 2000
155 Burkina Faso 5.72 1995
156 Uganda 5.16 1977
157 Ghana 4.52 2005
158 Malawi 3.84 1968
159 The Gambia 2.35 1983
160 Mali 2.24 2007
161 Senegal 2.16 2004
162 Indonesia 1.96 2000
163 Madagascar 1.86 2004
164 Burundi 1.83 1992
165 Sierra Leone 1.67 1997
166 Dem. Rep. Congo 1.64 1971
167 Haiti 1.62 1998
168 Bangladesh 1.20 2000
169 Cameroon 0.85 1991
170 Benin 0.81 1998
171 Guinea-Bissau 0.70 1996
172 Togo 0.55 2008
173 Rwanda 0.50 2002
174 Central African Republic 0.32 1969
175 Afghanistan 0.14 2000
176 Chad 0.09 1965
177 Niger 0.09 1998

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Development Relevance: Agricultural land covers more than one-third of the world's land area. In many industrialized countries, agricultural land is subject to zoning regulations. In the context of zoning, agricultural land (or more properly agriculturally zoned land) refers to plots that may be used for agricultural activities, regardless of the physical type or quality of land. A substantial contribution to agriculture in the last century has been the escalation from manual and stock-animal farm work to gas-powered farm equipment. Globally, steel plows, mowers, mechanical reapers, seed drills, and threshers contributed to the development of mechanized agriculture, tractors enabled the farmer to sow and harvest large agricultural lands with less manpower. In modern times, powered machinery such as tractors, has replaced many jobs formerly carried out by men or animals such as oxen, horses and mules. FAO estimates that most farmers in developing countries experience a greater annual expenditure on farm power inputs than on fertilizer, seeds or agrochemicals. Agriculture is still a major sector in many economies, and agricultural activities provide developing countries with food and revenue. But agricultural activities also can degrade natural resources as poor farming practices cause soil erosion and loss of soil fertility. There is no single correct mix of inputs to the agricultural land, as it is dependent on local climate, land quality, and economic development; appropriate levels and application rates vary by country and over time and depend on the type of crops, the climate and soils, and the production process used.

Limitations and Exceptions: The data are collected by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) through annual questionnaires. The FAO tries to impose standard definitions and reporting methods, but complete consistency across countries and over time is not possible. Thus, data on agricultural land in different climates may not be comparable. For example, permanent pastures are quite different in nature and intensity in African countries and dry Middle Eastern countries. Data on agricultural employment, in particular, should be used with caution. In many countries much agricultural employment is informal and unrecorded, including substantial work performed by women and children. To address some of these concerns, this indicator is heavily footnoted in the database in sources, definition, and coverage. The data collected from official national sources through the questionnaire are supplemented with information from official secondary data sources. The secondary sources cover official country data from websites of national ministries, national publications and related country data reported by various international organizations.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: A tractor provides the power and traction to mechanize agricultural tasks, especially tillage. Agricultural implements may be towed behind or mounted on the tractor, and the tractor may also provide a source of power if the implement is mechanized. The most common use of the term "tractor" is for the vehicles used on farms. The farm tractor is used for pulling or pushing agricultural machinery or trailers, for plowing, tilling, disking, harrowing, planting, and similar tasks. Planting, tending and harvesting a crop requires both a significant amount of power and a suitable range of tools and equipment. Mechanization of farming has allowed an increase to the area that can be planted and has contributed towards increased yields, mainly due to the precision with which the farming tasks can be accomplished. Agricultural land constitutes only a part of any country's total area, which can include areas not suitable for agriculture, such as forests, mountains, and inland water bodies. Data on agricultural land are valuable for conducting studies on a various perspectives concerning agricultural production, food security and for deriving cropping intensity among others uses. Agricultural land indicator, along with land-use indicators, can also elucidate the environmental sustainability of countries' agricultural practices.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual