Costa Rica - GINI index

GINI index (World Bank estimate)

The value for GINI index (World Bank estimate) in Costa Rica was 48.30 as of 2017. As the graph below shows, over the past 36 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 51.90 in 2002 and a minimum value of 34.40 in 1986.

Definition: Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.

Source: World Bank, Development Research Group. Data are based on primary household survey data obtained from government statistical agencies and World Bank country departments. For more information and methodology, please see PovcalNet (http://iresearch.worldban

See also:

Year Value
1981 47.50
1986 34.40
1989 46.70
1990 45.30
1991 46.60
1992 45.70
1993 46.00
1994 46.80
1995 45.70
1996 46.50
1997 45.60
1998 45.70
1999 47.70
2000 47.40
2001 51.60
2002 51.90
2003 49.30
2004 48.30
2005 47.50
2006 49.40
2007 49.30
2008 48.70
2009 50.60
2010 48.20
2011 48.70
2012 48.60
2013 49.30
2014 48.60
2015 48.40
2016 48.70
2017 48.30

Classification

Topic: Poverty Indicators

Sub-Topic: Income distribution