IndexMundi Home
Flag of Ethiopia

Ethiopia

Factbook > Countries

Introduction

Geography

Demographics

Government

Economy

Energy

Telecommunications

Transportation

Military

Transnational Issues

Terrorism

Environment

Health

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

Anthem: 
ወደፊት ገስግሺ፣ ውድ እናት ኢትዮጵያ
(English: "March Forward, Dear Mother Ethiopia")
Location of Ethiopia
Capital
and largest city
Addis Ababa
9°1′N38°45′E / 9.017°N 38.750°E / 9.017; 38.750
Official languagesAfar, Amharic, Oromo, Somali, Tigrinya, English[1]
Ethnic groups
(2012[3])
Religion
62.8% Christianity
—43.5% Ethiopian Orthodoxy
—18.6% Pentay (Protestantism)
—0.7% Catholicism
33.9% Islam
2.6% Traditional faiths
0.7% Others/None[4]
Demonym(s)Ethiopian*
GovernmentEthnofederalist[5]parliamentaryconstitutional republic
Sahle-Work Zewde
Abiy Ahmed
Demeke Mekonnen
Tagesse Chafo
Meaza Ashenafi
LegislatureFederal Parliamentary Assembly
House of Federation
House of Peoples' Representatives
Formation
• Dʿmt
c. 980 BCE
c. 100 CE
900
1137
1936
• Sovereignty restored
1941
1974
1987
1993
21 August 1995
Area
• Total
1,104,300[6] km2 (426,400 sq mi) (28th)
• Water (%)
0.7
Population
• 2018 estimate
109,224,414[7][8] (12th)
• 2007 census
73,750,932[9]
• Density
92.7/km2 (240.1/sq mi) (123rd)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$240.168 billion[10]
• Per capita
$2,701[10]
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
$103.588 billion[10]
• Per capita
$1,066[10]
Gini (2011)Negative increase 33.6[11]
medium
HDI (2018)Increase 0.470[12]
low · 173rd
CurrencyBirr (ETB)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+251
ISO 3166 codeET
Internet TLD.et

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


Home | About | Search | Site Map | Blog | Discussion Forums