IndexMundi Home
Flag of Estonia

Estonia

Factbook > Countries

Introduction

Geography

Demographics

Government

Economy

Energy

Telecommunications

Transportation

Military

Transnational Issues

Environment

Health

Republic of Estonia

Eesti Vabariik  (Estonian)
Location of Estonia (dark green) – in Europe (green & grey) – in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of Estonia (dark green)

– in Europe (green & grey)
– in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Tallinna
59°25′N24°45′E / 59.417°N 24.750°E / 59.417; 24.750
Official languageEstonian[1]
Ethnic groups
(2020[2])
Religion
(2011[4])
Demonym(s)Estonian
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryrepublic
Kersti Kaljulaid
Jüri Ratas
LegislatureRiigikogu
Independence 
12 April 1917
24 February 1918
2 February 1920
1940–1991
20 August 1991
• Joined the EU
1 May 2004
Area
• Total
45,227[5] km2 (17,462 sq mi) (129thd)
• Water (%)
5.16 (as of 2015)[6]
Population
• 2020 estimate
Increase 1,328,976[7] (157th)
• 2011 census
1,294,455[8]
• Density
28/km2 (72.5/sq mi) (149th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
$49.644 billion[9]
• Per capita
$37,033[9] (37th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
$32.742 billion[9]
• Per capita
$22,986[9] (33rd)
Gini (2018)Positive decrease 30.6[10]
medium
HDI (2018)Increase 0.882[11]
very high · 30th
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+372
ISO 3166 codeEE
Internet TLD.eee
  1. The Supreme Court and one ministry are based in Tartu.
  2. According to the Constitution of Estonia, Estonian is the sole official language.[12] In southern counties, Võro and Seto are spoken along with it. Russian is spoken in parts of Ida-Virumaa and Tallinn.
  3. Including 5.4% Võros and 0.93% Setos.[13]
  4. 47,549 km2 (18,359 sq mi) were defined according to the Treaty of Tartu in 1920 between Estonia and Soviet Russia (then under communistBolshevik revolutionary government prior to the founding of the USSR in 1922). Today, the remaining 2,323 km2 (897 sq mi) are part of Russia/Russian Federation. The ceded areas include most of the former Petseri County and areas east of the Narva river including Ivangorod (Jaanilinn).[14]Pechory remains under Russian administration.
  5. Also .eu, shared with other member states of the European Union.

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


Home | About | Search | Site Map | Blog | Discussion Forums