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Republic of Ecuador

República del Ecuador  (Spanish)
Coat of arms of Ecuador
Coat of arms
Motto: 
  • "Dios, patria y libertad" (Spanish)
  • "Pro Deo, Patria et Libertate" (Latin)
  • "God, homeland and freedom"
Anthem: Salve, Oh Patria  (Spanish)
(English: "Hail, Oh Homeland")
Location of Ecuador (dark green)
Location of Ecuador (dark green)
CapitalQuito
00°9′S78°21′W / 0.150°S 78.350°W / -0.150; -78.350
Largest cityGuayaquil (city proper)
Quito (metropolitan area)
Official languagesSpanish[1]
Recognized regional languagesKichwa language (Quichua), Shuar and others "are in official use for indigenous peoples"[2]
Ethnic groups
(2010 Census[3])
Religion
(2012)[4][5]
93.1% Christianity
—80.4% Roman Catholic
—11.3% Protestant
—1.4% Other Christian
6.1% No religion
0.8% Other religions
Demonym(s)Ecuadorian
GovernmentUnitarypresidentialconstitutional republic
Lenín Moreno
María Alejandra Muñoz
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence
• Declared
August 10, 1809
• from Spain
May 24, 1822
• from Gran Colombia
May 13, 1830
• Recognized by Spain
February 16, 1840[6]
September 28, 2008
Area
• Total
283,561[1] km2 (109,484 sq mi)a (73rd)
• Water (%)
5
Population
• 2018 estimate
17,084,358[7][8] (67th)
• Census
17,300,000[9]
• Density
61/km2 (158.0/sq mi) (151st)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$202.043 billion
• Per capita
$11,701[10]
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$106.289 billion
• Per capita
$6,155[10]
Gini (2014)Positive decrease 45.4[11]
medium
HDI (2018)Increase 0.758[12]
high · 85th
CurrencyUnited States dollarb (USD)
Time zoneUTC−5 / −6 (ECT / GALT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+593
ISO 3166 codeEC
Internet TLD.ec
  1. Including Galápagos Islands.
  2. Sucre until 2000, replaced by the US$ and Ecuadorian centavo coins.

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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