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Canada

Motto: A Mari Usque Ad Mare  (Latin)
"From Sea to Sea"
Anthem: "O Canada"

A projection of North America with Canada highlighted in green
CapitalOttawa
45°24′N75°40′W / 45.400°N 75.667°W / 45.400; -75.667
Largest cityToronto
Official languages
Ethnic groups
(2016)[2]
Religion
(2011)[3]
Demonym(s)Canadian
GovernmentFederalparliamentary
constitutional monarchy[4]
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Julie Payette
Justin Trudeau
LegislatureParliament
Senate
House of Commons
Independence 
July 1, 1867
December 11, 1931
April 17, 1982
Area
• Total area
9,984,670 km2 (3,855,100 sq mi) (2nd)
• Water (%)
11.76 (as of 2015)[5]
• Total land area
9,093,507 km2 (3,511,023 sq mi)
Population
• Q3 2020 estimate
38,005,238[6] (38th)
• 2016 census
35,151,728[7]
• Density
3.92/km2 (10.2/sq mi) (228th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase$1.971 trillion[8] (16th)
• Per capita
Increase $52,144[8] (21st)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase$1.812 trillion[8] (10th)
• Per capita
Increase $47,931[8] (17th)
Gini (2017)Negative increase 31.0[9]
medium
HDI (2018)Increase 0.922[10]
very high · 13th
CurrencyCanadian dollar ($) (CAD)
Time zoneUTC−3.5 to −8
• Summer (DST)
UTC−2.5 to −7
Date formatyyyy-mm-dd (AD)[11]
Driving sideright
Calling code+1
Internet TLD.ca
Country Comparisons

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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