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Canada Demographics Profile 2018

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Population35,623,680 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.44% (male 2,819,279/female 2,680,024)
15-24 years: 11.85% (male 2,171,703/female 2,048,546)
25-54 years: 39.99% (male 7,227,145/female 7,020,156)
55-64 years: 14.1% (male 2,492,120/female 2,529,652)
65 years and over: 18.63% (male 2,958,721/female 3,676,334) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 47.3
youth dependency ratio: 23.5
elderly dependency ratio: 23.8
potential support ratio: 4.2 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 42.2 years
male: 40.9 years
female: 43.5 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate0.73% (2017 est.)
Birth rate10.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate8.7 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate5.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 82.2% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.16% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationToronto 5.993 million; Montreal 3.981 million; Vancouver 2.485 million; Calgary 1.337 million; OTTAWA (capital) 1.326 million; Edmonton 1.272 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth28.1 years (2012 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 4.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 81.9 years
male: 79.3 years
female: 84.7 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.6 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0.2% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0.2% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Canadian(s)
adjective: Canadian
Ethnic groupsCanadian 32.2%, English 19.8%, French 15.5%, Scottish 14.4%, Irish 13.8%, German 9.8%, Italian 4.5%, Chinese 4.5%, North American Indian 4.2%, other 50.9%
note: percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to identify more than one ethnic origin (2011 est.)
ReligionsCatholic 39% (includes Roman Catholic 38.8%, other Catholic .2%), Protestant 20.3% (includes United Church 6.1%, Anglican 5%, Baptist 1.9%, Lutheran 1.5%, Pentecostal 1.5%, Presbyterian 1.4%, other Protestant 2.9%), Orthodox 1.6%, other Christian 6.3%, Muslim 3.2%, Hindu 1.5%, Sikh 1.4%, Buddhist 1.1%, Jewish 1%, other 0.6%, none 23.9% (2011 est.)
LanguagesEnglish (official) 58.7%, French (official) 22%, Punjabi 1.4%, Italian 1.3%, Spanish 1.3%, German 1.3%, Cantonese 1.2%, Tagalog 1.2%, Arabic 1.1%, other 10.5% (2011 est.)
Education expenditures5.3% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate7 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures10.4% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.48 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density2.7 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate29.4% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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