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Canada vs. United States

Demographics

CanadaUnited States
Population
37,694,085 (July 2020 est.)
332,639,102 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 15.99% (male 3,094,008/female 2,931,953)
15-24 years: 11.14% (male 2,167,013/female 2,032,064)
25-54 years: 39.81% (male 7,527,554/female 7,478,737)
55-64 years: 14.08% (male 2,624,474/female 2,682,858)
65 years and over: 18.98% (male 3,274,298/female 3,881,126) (2020 est.)
0-14 years: 18.46% (male 31,374,555/female 30,034,371)
15-24 years: 12.91% (male 21,931,368/female 21,006,463)
25-54 years: 38.92% (male 64,893,670/female 64,564,565)
55-64 years: 12.86% (male 20,690,736/female 22,091,808)
65 years and over: 16.85% (male 25,014,147/female 31,037,419) (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 41.8 years
male: 40.6 years
female: 42.9 years (2020 est.)
total: 38.5 years
male: 37.2 years
female: 39.8 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
0.81% (2020 est.)
0.72% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
10.2 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
12.4 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
7.9 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
8.3 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
5.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.84 male(s)/female
total population: 98.3 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female NA
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 97.1 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 4.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 4.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
total: 5.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 83.4 years
male: 81.1 years
female: 85.9 years (2020 est.)
total population: 80.3 years
male: 78 years
female: 82.5 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.57 children born/woman (2020 est.)
1.84 children born/woman (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
NA
Nationality
noun: Canadian(s)
adjective: Canadian
noun: American(s)
adjective: American
Ethnic groups
Canadian 32.3%, English 18.3%, Scottish 13.9%, French 13.6%, Irish 13.4%, German 9.6%, Chinese 5.1%, Italian 4.6%, North American Indian 4.4%, East Indian 4%, other 51.6% (2016 est.)

note: percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to identify more than one ethnic origin

white 72.4%, black 12.6%, Asian 4.8%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.9%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.2%, other 6.2%, two or more races 2.9% (2010 est.)

note: a separate listing for Hispanic is not included because the US Census Bureau considers Hispanic to mean persons of Spanish/Hispanic/Latino origin including those of Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican, Dominican Republic, Spanish, and Central or South American origin living in the US who may be of any race or ethnic group (white, black, Asian, etc.); an estimated 16.3% of the total US population is Hispanic as of 2010

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
NA
Religions
Catholic 39% (includes Roman Catholic 38.8%, other Catholic .2%), Protestant 20.3% (includes United Church 6.1%, Anglican 5%, Baptist 1.9%, Lutheran 1.5%, Pentecostal 1.5%, Presbyterian 1.4%, other Protestant 2.9%), Orthodox 1.6%, other Christian 6.3%, Muslim 3.2%, Hindu 1.5%, Sikh 1.4%, Buddhist 1.1%, Jewish 1%, other 0.6%, none 23.9% (2011 est.)
Protestant 46.5%, Roman Catholic 20.8%, Jewish 1.9%, Mormon 1.6%, other Christian 0.9%, Muslim 0.9%, Jehovah's Witness 0.8%, Buddhist 0.7%, Hindu 0.7%, other 1.8%, unaffiliated 22.8%, don't know/refused 0.6% (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
NA
Languages
English (official) 58.7%, French (official) 22%, Punjabi 1.4%, Italian 1.3%, Spanish 1.3%, German 1.3%, Cantonese 1.2%, Tagalog 1.2%, Arabic 1.1%, other 10.5% (2011 est.)
English only 78.2%, Spanish 13.4%, Chinese 1.1%, other 7.3% (2017 est.)

note: data represent the language spoken at home; the US has no official national language, but English has acquired official status in 32 of the 50 states; Hawaiian is an official language in the state of Hawaii, and 20 indigenous languages are official in Alaska

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2018)
total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2018)
Education expenditures
5.3% of GDP (2011)
5% of GDP (2014)
Urbanization
urban population: 81.6% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 0.97% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 82.7% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 0.95% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 98.9% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 1.1% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 97% of population
total: 99% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 3% of population
total: 1% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 98.7% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 1.3% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Major cities - population
6.197 million Toronto, 4.221 million Montreal, 2.581 million Vancouver, 1.547 million Calgary, 1.461 million Edmonton, 1.393 million OTTAWA (capital) (2020)
18.804 million New York-Newark, 12.447 million Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, 8.865 million Chicago, 6.371 million Houston, 6.301 million Dallas-Fort Worth, 5.322 million WASHINGTON, D.C. (capital) (2020)
Maternal mortality rate
10 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
19 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
10.6% (2017)
17.1% (2017)
Physicians density
2.31 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
2.61 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
2.5 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
29.4% (2016)
36.2% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth
29 years (2017 est.)
26.4 years (2015 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 51.2
youth dependency ratio: 23.9
elderly dependency ratio: 27.4
potential support ratio: 3.7 (2020 est.)
total dependency ratio: 53.9
youth dependency ratio: 28.3
elderly dependency ratio: 25.6
potential support ratio: 3.9 (2020 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook