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Burkina Faso Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
19,742,715 (July 2018 est.)

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Age structure
0-14 years: 44.28% (male 4,434,908 /female 4,307,438)
15-24 years: 20.19% (male 1,980,755 /female 2,004,763)
25-54 years: 28.82% (male 2,639,235 /female 3,051,333)
55-64 years: 3.55% (male 304,642 /female 396,072)
65 years and over: 3.16% (male 273,031 /female 350,538) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 92.2 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 87.6 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 4.6 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 21.6 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 17.4 years (2018 est.)
male: 16.6 years
female: 18.2 years
Population growth rate
2.76% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
36.9 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
8.7 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 30% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 4.99% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
2.653 million OUAGADOUGOU (capital), 924,000 Bobo-Dioulasso (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.86 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.77 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
19.4 years (2010 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Infant mortality rate
total: 54.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 59.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 50 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 61.8 years (2018 est.)
male: 60.1 years
female: 63.6 years
Total fertility rate
4.77 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
31.7% (2017/18)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.7% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
96,000 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
3,300 (2018 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 97.5% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 75.8% of population
total: 82.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.5% of population
rural: 24.2% of population
total: 17.7% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 50.4% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 6.7% of population (2015 est.)
total: 19.7% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 49.6% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 93.3% of population (2015 est.)
total: 80.3% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: very high (2019)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever (2019)
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria (2019)
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2019)
animal contact diseases: rabies (2019)
respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2019)
Nationality
noun: Burkinabe (singular and plural)
adjective: Burkinabe
Ethnic groups
Mossi 52%, Fulani 8.4%, Gurma 7%, Bobo 4.9%, Gurunsi 4.6%, Senufo 4.5%, Bissa 3.7%, Lobi 2.4%, Dagara 2.4%, Tuareg/Bella 1.9%, Dioula 0.8%, unspecified/no answer 0.3%, other 7.2% (2010 est.)
Religions
Muslim 61.5%, Roman Catholic 23.3%, traditional/animist 7.8%, Protestant 6.5%, other/no answer 0.2%, none 0.7% (2010 est.)
Demographic profile

Burkina Faso has a young age structure – the result of declining mortality combined with steady high fertility – and continues to experience rapid population growth, which is putting increasing pressure on the country’s limited arable land. More than 65% of the population is under the age of 25, and the population is growing at 3% annually. Mortality rates, especially those of infants and children, have decreased because of improved health care, hygiene, and sanitation, but women continue to have an average of almost 6 children. Even if fertility were substantially reduced, today’s large cohort entering their reproductive years would sustain high population growth for the foreseeable future. Only about a third of the population is literate and unemployment is widespread, dampening the economic prospects of Burkina Faso’s large working-age population.

Migration has traditionally been a way of life for Burkinabe, with seasonal migration being replaced by stints of up to two years abroad. Cote d’Ivoire remains the top destination, although it has experienced periods of internal conflict. Under French colonization, Burkina Faso became a main labor source for agricultural and factory work in Cote d’Ivoire. Burkinabe also migrated to Ghana, Mali, and Senegal for work between the world wars. Burkina Faso attracts migrants from Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, and Mali, who often share common ethnic backgrounds with the Burkinabe. Despite its food shortages and high poverty rate, Burkina Faso has become a destination for refugees in recent years and hosts about 33,500 Malians as of May 2017.

(2018)
Languages
French (official), native African languages belonging to Sudanic family spoken by 90% of the population
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 36%
male: 43%
female: 29.3% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 9 years
male: 9 years
female: 9 years (2017)
Education expenditures
4.2% of GDP (2015)
Maternal mortality rate
320 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
16.2% (2017)
Health expenditures
6.8% (2016)
Physicians density
0.06 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
0.4 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
5.6% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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