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Bulgaria Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
7,057,504 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 14.6% (male 530,219 /female 500,398)
15-24 years: 9.43% (male 346,588 /female 318,645)
25-54 years: 43.12% (male 1,565,770 /female 1,477,719)
55-64 years: 13.3% (male 442,083 /female 496,888)
65 years and over: 19.54% (male 557,237 /female 821,957) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 51.7 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 21.2 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 30.5 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 3.3 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 43 years (2018 est.)
male: 41.2 years
female: 44.9 years
Population growth rate
-0.63% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
8.5 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
14.5 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 75.3% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: -0.22% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
1.277 million SOFIA (capital) (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
26.7 years (2014 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 8.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 9.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.2 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 74.8 years (2018 est.)
male: 71.5 years
female: 78.3 years
Total fertility rate
1.47 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
<.1% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
3,500 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<100 (2018 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 99.6% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.4% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0.6% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 86.8% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 83.7% of population (2015 est.)
total: 86% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 13.2% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 16.3% of population (2015 est.)
total: 14% of population (2015 est.)
Nationality
noun: Bulgarian(s)
adjective: Bulgarian
Ethnic groups
Bulgarian 76.9%, Turkish 8%, Romani 4.4%, other 0.7% (including Russian, Armenian, and Vlach), other (unknown) 10% (2011 est.)

note: Romani populations are usually underestimated in official statistics and may represent 9–11% of Bulgaria's population

Religions
Eastern Orthodox 59.4%, Muslim 7.8%, other (including Catholic, Protestant, Armenian Apostolic Orthodox, and Jewish) 1.7%, none 3.7%, unspecified 27.4% (2011 est.)
Languages
Bulgarian (official) 76.8%, Turkish 8.2%, Romani 3.8%, other 0.7%, unspecified 10.5% (2011 est.)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.4%
male: 98.7%
female: 98.1% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2016)
Education expenditures
4.1% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate
10 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
8.2% (2016)
Physicians density
3.99 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density
6.8 beds/1,000 population (2013)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
25% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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