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Bolivia Demographics Profile

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11,639,909 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 30.34% (male 1,799,925/female 1,731,565)
15-24 years: 19.21% (male 1,133,120/female 1,103,063)
25-54 years: 38.68% (male 2,212,096/female 2,289,888)
55-64 years: 6.06% (male 323,210/female 382,139)
65 years and over: 5.71% (male 291,368/female 373,535) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 60.5
youth dependency ratio: 48.5
elderly dependency ratio: 12
potential support ratio: 8.3 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 25.3 years
male: 24.5 years
female: 26 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
1.44% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
20.8 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
6.3 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
urban population: 70.1% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 1.97% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
278,000 Sucre (constitutional capital) (2018); 1.858 million LA PAZ (capital), 1.713 million Santa Cruz, 1.304 million Cochabamba (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 98 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
21.2 years (2008 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Infant mortality rate
total: 32.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 35.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 28.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 70.4 years
male: 67.6 years
female: 73.4 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.48 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
66.5% (2016)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.2% (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
19,000 (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<200 (2019 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 78.1% of population
total: 92.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 21.9% of population
total: 7.1% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 94.1% of population
rural: 42.2% of population
total: 78% of population
unimproved: urban: 5.9% of population
rural: 57.8% of population
total: 22% of population (2017 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: very high (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
noun: Bolivian(s)
adjective: Bolivian
Ethnic groups
mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry) 68%, indigenous 20%, white 5%, cholo/chola 2%, black 1%, other 1%, unspecified 3% ; 44% of respondents indicated feeling part of some indigenous group, predominantly Quechua or Aymara (2009 est.)

note: results among surveys vary based on the wording of the ethnicity question and the available response choices; the 2001 national census did not provide "mestizo" as a response choice, resulting in a much higher proportion of respondents identifying themselves as belonging to one of the available indigenous ethnicity choices; the use of "mestizo" and "cholo" varies among response choices in surveys, with surveys using the terms interchangeably, providing one or the other as a response choice, or providing the two as separate response choices

Roman Catholic 76.8%, Evangelical and Pentecostal 8.1%, Protestant 7.9%, other 1.7%, none 5.5% (2012 est.)
Demographic profile

Bolivia ranks at or near the bottom among Latin American countries in several areas of health and development, including poverty, education, fertility, malnutrition, mortality, and life expectancy. On the positive side, more children are being vaccinated and more pregnant women are getting prenatal care and having skilled health practitioners attend their births.

Bolivia’s income inequality is the highest in Latin America and one of the highest in the world. Public education is of poor quality, and educational opportunities are among the most unevenly distributed in Latin America, with girls and indigenous and rural children less likely to be literate or to complete primary school. The lack of access to education and family planning services helps to sustain Bolivia’s high fertility rate—approximately three children per woman. Bolivia’s lack of clean water and basic sanitation, especially in rural areas, contributes to health problems.

Between 7% and 16% of Bolivia’s population lives abroad (estimates vary in part because of illegal migration). Emigrants primarily seek jobs and better wages in Argentina (the principal destination), the US, and Spain. In recent years, more restrictive immigration policies in Europe and the US have increased the flow of Bolivian emigrants to neighboring countries. Fewer Bolivians migrated to Brazil in 2015 and 2016 because of its recession; increasing numbers have been going to Chile, mainly to work as miners.

Spanish (official) 60.7%, Quechua (official) 21.2%, Aymara (official) 14.6%, Guarani (official) 0.6%, other native languages 0.4%, foreign languages 2.4%, none 0.1% (2001 est.)

note: Bolivia's 2009 constitution designates Spanish and all indigenous languages as official; 36 indigenous languages are specified, including a few that are extinct

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 92.5%
male: 96.5%
female: 88.6% (2015)
Education expenditures
7.3% of GDP (2014)
Maternal mortality rate
155 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
3.4% (2016)
Health expenditures
6.4% (2017)
Physicians density
1.59 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
1.3 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
20.2% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

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