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Bangladesh Demographics Profile

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Population
162,650,853 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 26.48% (male 21,918,651/female 21,158,574)
15-24 years: 18.56% (male 15,186,470/female 15,001,950)
25-54 years: 40.72% (male 31,694,267/female 34,535,643)
55-64 years: 7.41% (male 5,941,825/female 6,115,856)
65 years and over: 6.82% (male 5,218,206/female 5,879,411) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 47
youth dependency ratio: 39.3
elderly dependency ratio: 7.7
potential support ratio: 13 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 27.9 years
male: 27.1 years
female: 28.6 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
0.98% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
18.1 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
5.5 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 38.2% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 3.17% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
21.006 million DHAKA (capital), 5.020 million Chittagong, 954,000 Khulna, 908,000 Rajshahi, 852,000 Sylhet (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 96.7 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
18.5 years (2014 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Infant mortality rate
total: 28.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 30.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 26 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 74.2 years
male: 72 years
female: 76.5 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.11 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
62.3% (2014)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
<.1% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
14,000 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<1000 (2018 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 98.9% of population
rural: 98.4% of population
total: 98.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.1% of population
rural: 1.6% of population
total: 1.4% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 82.5% of population
rural: 64.4% of population
total: 70.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 17.5% of population
rural: 35.6% of population
total: 29.1% of population (2017 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: high (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria are high risks in some locations
water contact diseases: leptospirosis
animal contact diseases: rabies
note: widespread ongoing transmission of a respiratory illness caused by the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is occurring throughout Bangladesh; as of 10 November 2020, Bangladesh has reported a total of 418,764 cases of COVID-19 or 2,543 cumulative cases of COVID-19 per 1 million population with 37 cumulative deaths per 1 million population
Nationality
noun: Bangladeshi(s)
adjective: Bangladeshi
Ethnic groups
Bengali at least 98%, other indigenous ethnic groups 1.1% (2011 est.)

note: Bangladesh's government recognizes 27 indigenous ethnic groups under the 2010 Cultural Institution for Small Anthropological Groups Act; other sources estimate there are about 75 ethnic groups; critics of the 2011 census claim that it underestimates the size of Bangladesh's ethnic population

Religions
Muslim 89.1%, Hindu 10%, other 0.9% (includes Buddhist, Christian) (2013 est.)
Languages
Bangla 98.8% (official, also known as Bengali), other 1.2% (2011 est.)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 73.9%
male: 76.7%
female: 71.2% (2018)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 12 years (2018)
Education expenditures
2% of GDP (2018)
Maternal mortality rate
173 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
21.9% (2017/18)
Health expenditures
2.3% (2017)
Physicians density
0.54 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
0.8 beds/1,000 population (2016)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
3.6% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

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