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Bangladesh Demographics Profile 2018

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Population157,826,578 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 27.76% (male 22,283,780/female 21,521,977)
15-24 years: 19.36% (male 15,309,543/female 15,241,971)
25-54 years: 39.73% (male 30,094,014/female 32,614,286)
55-64 years: 6.93% (male 5,405,900/female 5,527,330)
65 years and over: 6.23% (male 4,666,033/female 5,161,744) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 52.6
youth dependency ratio: 44.9
elderly dependency ratio: 7.7
potential support ratio: 13 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 26.7 years
male: 26 years
female: 27.3 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate1.04% (2017 est.)
Birth rate18.8 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate5.4 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-3.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 35.8% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 3.19% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationDHAKA (capital) 17.598 million; Chittagong 4.539 million; Khulna 1.022 million; Rajshahi 844,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.97 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth18.5 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 31.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 34 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 29.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 73.4 years
male: 71.3 years
female: 75.6 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate2.17 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate62.3% (2014)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate<.01% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS12,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths1,000 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 86.5% of population
rural: 87% of population
total: 86.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 13.5% of population
rural: 13% of population
total: 13.1% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 57.7% of population
rural: 62.1% of population
total: 60.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 42.3% of population
rural: 37.9% of population
total: 39.4% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria are high risks in some locations
water contact disease: leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Bangladeshi(s)
adjective: Bangladeshi
Ethnic groupsBengali at least 98%, ethnic groups 1.1%
note: Bangladesh's government recognizes 27 ethnic groups under the 2010 Cultural Institution for Small Anthropological Groups Act; other sources estimate there are about 75 ethnic groups; critics of the 2011 census claim that it underestimates the size of Bangladesh's ethnic population (2011 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 89.1%, Hindu 10%, other 0.9% (includes Buddhist, Christian) (2013 est.)
LanguagesBangla 98.8% (official, also known as Bengali), other 1.2% (2011 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 72.8%
male: 75.6%
female: 69.9% (2016 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 10 years
male: 10 years
female: 10 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 4,485,497
percentage: 13% (2006 est.)
Education expenditures2.2% of GDP (2015)
Maternal mortality rate176 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight32.6% (2014)
Health expenditures2.8% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.39 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density0.6 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate3.6% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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