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Angola Demographics Profile 2018

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Population29,310,273 (July 2017 est.)
note: Angola's national statistical agency projects the country's 2017 population to be 28.4 million
Age structure0-14 years: 48.12% (male 7,005,891/female 7,097,392)
15-24 years: 18.25% (male 2,593,355/female 2,756,367)
25-54 years: 28.03% (male 3,921,046/female 4,293,307)
55-64 years: 3.26% (male 438,268/female 517,690)
65 years and over: 2.34% (male 290,247/female 396,710) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 97.6
youth dependency ratio: 93
elderly dependency ratio: 4.6
potential support ratio: 21.9 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 15.9 years
male: 15.4 years
female: 16.3 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate3.52% (2017 est.)
Birth rate44.2 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate9.2 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 45.6% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 4.6% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationLUANDA (capital) 5.506 million; Huambo 1.269 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth19.4 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2015/16 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 67.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 73.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 61.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 60.2 years
male: 58.2 years
female: 62.3 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate6.16 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate13.7% (2015/16)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.9% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS280,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths11,000 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 75.4% of population
rural: 28.2% of population
total: 49% of population
urban: 24.6% of population
rural: 71.8% of population
total: 51% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 88.6% of population
rural: 22.5% of population
total: 51.6% of population
urban: 11.4% of population
rural: 77.5% of population
total: 48.4% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Angolan(s)
adjective: Angolan
Ethnic groupsOvimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mestico (mixed European and native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%
ReligionsRoman Catholic 41.1%, Protestant 38.1%, other 8.6%, none 12.3% (2014 est.)
Demographic profileMore than a decade after the end of Angola’s 27-year civil war, the country still faces a variety of socioeconomic problems, including poverty, high maternal and child mortality, and illiteracy. Despite the country’s rapid post-war economic growth based on oil production, more than 40 percent of Angolans live below the poverty line and unemployment is widespread, especially among the large young-adult population. Only about 70% of the population is literate, and the rate drops to around 60% for women. The youthful population – about 45% are under the age of 15 – is expected to continue growing rapidly with a fertility rate of more 5 children per woman and a low rate of contraceptive use. Fewer than half of women deliver their babies with the assistance of trained health care personnel, which contributes to Angola’s high maternal mortality rate.
Of the estimated 550,000 Angolans who fled their homeland during its civil war, most have returned home since 2002. In 2012, the UN assessed that conditions in Angola had been stable for several years and invoked a cessation of refugee status for Angolans. Following the cessation clause, some of those still in exile returned home voluntarily through UN repatriation programs, and others integrated into host countries.
LanguagesPortuguese 71.2% (official), Umbundu 23%, Kikongo 8.2%, Kimbundu 7.8%, Chokwe 6.5%, Nhaneca 3.4%, Nganguela 3.1%, Fiote 2.4%, Kwanhama 2.3%, Muhumbi 2.1%, Luvale 1%, other 3.6%
note: most widely spoken languages; shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2014 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 71.1%
male: 82%
female: 60.7% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 10 years
male: 13 years
female: 8 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 832,895
percentage: 24% (2001 est.)
Education expenditures3.5% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate477 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight19% (2016)
Health expenditures3.3% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.14 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate8.2% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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