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Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

  • د افغانستان اسلامي جمهوریت (Pashto)
  • Da Afġānistān Islāmī Jumhoryat
  • جمهوری اسلامی افغانستان (Dari)
  • Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Afġānestān
Motto: لا إله إلا الله، محمد رسول الله
"Lā ʾilāha ʾillā llāh, Muhammadun rasūlu llāh"
"There is no God but Allah; Muhammad is the messenger of Allah." (Shahada)
Anthem: Millī Surūd
ملي سرود
("National Anthem")
Afghanistan (orthographic projection).svg
Capital
and largest city
Kabul
33°N65°E / 33°N 65°E / 33; 65Coordinates: 33°N65°E / 33°N 65°E / 33; 65
Official languagesDari 27 million (77%) (L1 + L2), Pashto 16.8 million (48%)[2][3]
Ethnic groups
Religion
Demonym(s)Afghan[Note 1][7][8]
GovernmentUnitarypresidentialIslamic republic
Ashraf Ghani
Amrullah Saleh
Sarwar Danish
LegislatureNational Assembly
House of Elders
House of the People
Formation
21 April 1709
July 1747
• Emirate
1823
19 August 1919
• Kingdom
9 June 1926
17 July 1973
26 January 2004
Area
• Total
652,864[9] km2 (252,072 sq mi) (40th)
• Water (%)
negligible and non-navigable
Population
• 2020 estimate
39,296,240 [10] (37th)
• Density
60/km2 (155.4/sq mi) (154th)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$72.911 billion[11] (96th)
• Per capita
$2,024[11] (169th)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$21.657 billion[11] (111st)
• Per capita
$601[11] (177th)
Gini (2008)Positive decrease 27.8[12]
low · 1st
HDI (2018)Increase 0.496[13]
low · 170th
CurrencyAfghani (Afs) (AFN)
Time zoneUTC+4:30 Solar Calendar (D†)
Driving sideright
Calling code+93
ISO 3166 codeAF
Internet TLD.afافغانستان.

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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