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United States Demographics Profile 2016

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Populationno indigenous inhabitants
note: public entry is only by special-use permit from US Fish and Wildlife Service and generally restricted to scientists and educators; visited annually by US Fish and Wildlife Service
Jarvis Island: Millersville settlement on western side of island occasionally used as a weather station from 1935 until World War II, when it was abandoned; reoccupied in 1957 during the International Geophysical Year by scientists who left in 1958; currently unoccupied
Johnston Atoll: in previous years, an average of 1,100 US military and civilian contractor personnel were present; as of May 2005, all US Government personnel had left the island
Midway Islands: approximately 40 people make up the staff of US Fish and Wildlife Service and their services contractor living at the atoll
Palmyra Atoll: four to 20 Nature Conservancy, US Fish and Wildlife staff, and researchers
Age structure0-14 years: 18.84% (male 31,182,660/female 29,854,687)
15-24 years: 13.46% (male 22,360,342/female 21,252,215)
25-54 years: 39.6% (male 64,170,791/female 64,135,619)
55-64 years: 12.85% (male 20,081,837/female 21,536,994)
65 years and over: 15.25% (male 21,895,128/female 27,525,255) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 50.9%
youth dependency ratio: 28.6%
elderly dependency ratio: 22.3%
potential support ratio: 4.5% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 37.9 years
male: 36.6 years
female: 39.3 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.81% (2016 est.)
Birth rate12.5 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate8.2 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate3.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 81.6% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.02% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationNew York-Newark 18.593 million; Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana 12.31 million; Chicago 8.745 million; Miami 5.817 million; Dallas-Fort Worth 5.703 million; WASHINGTON, D.C. (capital) 4.955 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: NA
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 0.8 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth25.6 (2011 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 5.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 6.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 79.8 years
male: 77.5 years
female: 82.1 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.87 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate76.4%
note: percent of women aged 15-44 (2006/10)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99.4% of population
rural: 98.2% of population
total: 99.2% of population
urban: 0.6% of population
rural: 1.8% of population
total: 0.8% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: American(s)
adjective: American
Ethnic groupswhite 79.96%, black 12.85%, Asian 4.43%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.97%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.18%, two or more races 1.61% (July 2007 estimate)
note: a separate listing for Hispanic is not included because the US Census Bureau considers Hispanic to mean persons of Spanish/Hispanic/Latino origin including those of Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican, Dominican Republic, Spanish, and Central or South American origin living in the US who may be of any race or ethnic group (white, black, Asian, etc.); about 15.1% of the total US population is Hispanic
ReligionsProtestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4% (2007 est.)
LanguagesEnglish 79.2%, Spanish 12.9%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 3.3%, other 0.9% (2011 est.)
note: data represents the language spoken at home; the US has no official national language, but English has acquired official status in 31 of the 50 states; Hawaiian is an official language in the state of Hawaii
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 17 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2014)
Education expenditures5.2% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate14 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight0.5% (2012)
Health expenditures17.1% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.45 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density2.9 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate35% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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