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United States vs. Mexico

Demographics

United StatesMexico
Population323,995,528 (July 2016 est.)
123,166,749 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 18.84% (male 31,182,660/female 29,854,687)
15-24 years: 13.46% (male 22,360,342/female 21,252,215)
25-54 years: 39.6% (male 64,170,791/female 64,135,619)
55-64 years: 12.85% (male 20,081,837/female 21,536,994)
65 years and over: 15.25% (male 21,895,128/female 27,525,255) (2016 est.)
0-14 years: 27.26% (male 17,167,636/female 16,402,301)
15-24 years: 17.72% (male 11,049,818/female 10,770,843)
25-54 years: 40.69% (male 24,174,900/female 25,938,909)
55-64 years: 7.41% (male 4,187,644/female 4,944,802)
65 years and over: 6.93% (male 3,827,870/female 4,702,026) (2016 est.)
Median agetotal: 37.9 years
male: 36.6 years
female: 39.3 years (2016 est.)
total: 28 years
male: 26.9 years
female: 29.1 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate0.81% (2016 est.)
1.15% (2016 est.)
Birth rate12.5 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
18.5 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate8.2 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
5.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate3.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
-1.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: NA
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 5.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 6.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
total: 11.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 13.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 10.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 79.8 years
male: 77.5 years
female: 82.1 years (2016 est.)
total population: 75.9 years
male: 73.1 years
female: 78.8 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.87 children born/woman (2016 est.)
2.25 children born/woman (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
0.24% (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: American(s)
adjective: American
noun: Mexican(s)
adjective: Mexican
Ethnic groupswhite 79.96%, black 12.85%, Asian 4.43%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.97%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.18%, two or more races 1.61% (July 2007 estimate)
note: a separate listing for Hispanic is not included because the US Census Bureau considers Hispanic to mean persons of Spanish/Hispanic/Latino origin including those of Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican, Dominican Republic, Spanish, and Central or South American origin living in the US who may be of any race or ethnic group (white, black, Asian, etc.); about 15.1% of the total US population is Hispanic
mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 62%, predominantly Amerindian 21%, Amerindian 7%, other 10% (mostly European)
note: Mexico does not collect census data on ethnicity (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
198,200 (2015 est.)
ReligionsProtestant 46.5%, Roman Catholic 20.8%, Mormon 1.6%, Jehovah's Witness 0.8%, other Christian 0.9%, Jewish 1.9%, Muslim 0.9%, Buddhist 0.7%, Hindu 0.7%, other 1.8%, unaffiliated 22.8%, don't know/refused 0.6% (2014 est.)
Roman Catholic 82.7%, Pentecostal 1.6%, Jehovah's Witness 1.4%, other Evangelical Churches 5%, other 1.9%, none 4.7%, unspecified 2.7% (2010 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
4,000 (2015 est.)
LanguagesEnglish 79.2%, Spanish 12.9%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 3.3%, other 0.9% (2011 est.)
note: data represent the language spoken at home; the US has no official national language, but English has acquired official status in 31 of the 50 states; Hawaiian is an official language in the state of Hawaii
Spanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8%
note: indigenous languages include various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional languages (2005)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 17 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2014)
total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2014)
Education expenditures4.9% of GDP (2013)
5.2% of GDP (2012)
Urbanizationurban population: 81.6% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.02% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
urban population: 79.2% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.57% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99.4% of population
rural: 98.2% of population
total: 99.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.6% of population
rural: 1.8% of population
total: 0.8% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 97.2% of population
rural: 92.1% of population
total: 96.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.8% of population
rural: 7.9% of population
total: 3.9% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
improved:
urban: 88% of population
rural: 74.5% of population
total: 85.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 12% of population
rural: 25.5% of population
total: 14.8% of population (2015 est.)
Major cities - populationNew York-Newark 18.593 million; Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana 12.31 million; Chicago 8.745 million; Miami 5.817 million; Dallas-Fort Worth 5.703 million; WASHINGTON, D.C. (capital) 4.955 million (2015)
MEXICO CITY (capital) 20.999 million; Guadalajara 4.843 million; Monterrey 4.513 million; Puebla 2.984 million; Toluca de Lerdo 2.164 million; Tijuana 1.987 million (2015)
Maternal mortality rate14 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
38 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight0.5% (2012)
2.8% (2012)
Health expenditures17.1% of GDP (2014)
6.3% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.55 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
2.07 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density2.9 beds/1,000 population (2011)
1.5 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate35% (2014)
27.6% (2014)
Mother's mean age at first birth25.6 years (2011 est.)
21.3 years (2008 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate74.1%
note: percent of women aged 15-44 (2011/13)
72.3% (2014)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 50.9
youth dependency ratio: 28.6
elderly dependency ratio: 22.3
potential support ratio: 4.5 (2015 est.)
total dependency ratio: 51.7
youth dependency ratio: 41.9
elderly dependency ratio: 9.8
potential support ratio: 10.2 (2015 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook