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Uganda Geography Profile 2017

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LocationEast-Central Africa, west of Kenya, east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Geographic coordinates1 00 N, 32 00 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 241,038 sq km
land: 197,100 sq km
water: 43,938 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly more than two times the size of Pennsylvania; slightly smaller than Oregon
Land boundariestotal: 2,729 km
border countries (5): Democratic Republic of the Congo 877 km, Kenya 814 km, Rwanda 172 km, South Sudan 475 km, Tanzania 391 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climatetropical; generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August); semiarid in northeast
Terrainmostly plateau with rim of mountains
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Lake Albert 621 m
highest point: Margherita Peak on Mount Stanley 5,110 m
Natural resourcescopper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, arable land, gold
Land useagricultural land: 71.2%
arable land 34.3%; permanent crops 11.3%; permanent pasture 25.6%
forest: 14.5%
other: 14.3% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land140 sq km (2012)
Natural hazardsNA
Environment - current issuesdraining of wetlands for agricultural use; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; water hyacinth infestation in Lake Victoria; widespread poaching
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification
Geography - notelandlocked; fertile, well-watered country with many lakes and rivers

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

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