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Republic of China
中華民國
Zhōnghuá Mínguó[a]
A red flag, with a small blue rectangle in the top left hand corner on which sits a white sun composed of a circle surrounded by 12 rays.A blue circular emblem on which sits a white sun composed of a circle surrounded by 12 rays.
FlagNational Emblem
Anthem: 
《中華民國國歌》
"National Anthem of the Republic of China"

Flag anthem:
《中華民國國旗歌》
"National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China"
Location of Taiwan (red) on the globe
Location of Taiwan (red) on the globe
A map depicting the territory under the control of the Republic of China in East Asia and in the World
CapitalTaipei[2]
25°02′N121°38′E / 25.033°N 121.633°E / 25.033; 121.633
Largest cityNew Taipei
Official languagesMandarin[3]
Recognised regional languagesTaiwanese Hokkien
Hakka
Formosan languages
Fuzhou dialect
Official scriptTraditional Chinese
Ethnic groups>95% Han Chinese[4]
  70% Hokkien
  14% Hakka
  14% Waishengren[b]
2.3% Aborigines[c]
DemonymTaiwanese[1]
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidentialconstitutional republic
 - PresidentMa Ying-jeou
 - Vice-PresidentWu Den-yih
 - PremierMao Chi-kuo
 - President of the Legislative YuanWang Jin-pyng
 - President of the Judicial YuanRai Hau-min
 - President of the Examination YuanWu Jin-lin
 - President of the Control YuanChang Po-ya
LegislatureLegislative Yuan
Establishment from the Xinhai Revolution
 - Wuchang Uprising10 October 1911 
 - Republic established1 January 1912 
 - Current constitution25 December 1947 
 - The ROC government retreated to Taipei due to Chinese Civil War.1 October 1949 / 10 December 1949 
Area
 - Total36,193[5] km2 (136th)
13,974 sq mi
Population
 - December 2013 estimate23,373,517[5] (52nd)
 - Density644/km2 (17th)
1,664/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2014 estimate
 - Total$1,021.607 billion[6] (20th)
 - Per capita$43,599[6] (17th)
GDP (nominal)2014 estimate
 - Total$505.452 billion[6] (25th)
 - Per capita$21,571[6] (39th)
Gini (2010)34.2[7]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.882[d]
very high ·21st
CurrencyNew Taiwan dollar (NT$) (TWD)
Time zoneNational Standard Time(UTC+8)
Date format
Drives on theright
Calling code+886
ISO 3166 codeTW
Internet TLD

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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