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Republic of China
中華民國
Zhōnghuá Mínguó[a]
A red flag, with a small blue rectangle in the top left hand corner on which sits a white sun composed of a circle surrounded by 12 rays.A blue circular emblem on which sits a white sun composed of a circle surrounded by 12 rays.
FlagNational Emblem
Anthem: 
《中華民國國歌》
"National Anthem of the Republic of China"

Flag anthem:
《中華民國國旗歌》
"National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China"
A map depicting the territory under the control of the Republic of China in East Asia and in the World
CapitalTaipei[2]
25°02′N121°38′E / 25.033°N 121.633°E / 25.033; 121.633
Largest cityNew Taipei
25°01′N121°28′E / 25.017°N 121.467°E / 25.017; 121.467
Official languagesMandarin[3]
Recognised regional languagesTaiwanese Hokkien
Hakka
Formosan languages
Fuzhou dialect
Official scriptTraditional Chinese
Ethnic groups>95% Han Chinese[4]
  70% Hokkien
  14% Hakka
  14% Waishengren[b]
2.3% Aborigines[c]
DemonymTaiwanese[1]
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidentialrepublic
 • PresidentTsai Ing-wen
 • Vice PresidentChen Chien-jen
 • PremierLin Chuan
 • Vice PremierLin Hsi-yao
 • SpeakerSu Chia-chyuan
 • Deputy SpeakerTsai Chi-chang
LegislatureLegislative Yuan
Formation
 • First Dynasty of China establishedc. 2070 BC 
 • First Unification of imperial China under the Qin dynasty221 BC 
 • Xinhai Revolution10 October 1911 
 • Republic proclaimed1 January 1912 
 • Constitution25 December 1947 
 • Martial law established19 May 1949 
 • Government relocated to Taipei7 December 1949 
 • End of Marital law15 July 1987 
 • 1992 Consensus3 November 1992 
Area
 • Total36,193[5] km2 (136th)
13,974 sq mi
Population
 • 2016 estimate23,508,362[6] (52nd)
 • Density649/km2 (17th)
1,680/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$1,147 trillion b[7]
 • Per capita$48,703[7]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$588.334 billion[7]
 • Per capita$24,985[7]
Gini (2014)33.6[8]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.882[d]
very high ·25th
CurrencyNew Taiwan dollar (NT$) (TWD)
Time zoneNational Standard Time(UTC+8)
Date format
Drives on theright
Calling code+886
ISO 3166 codeTW
Internet TLD

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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