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Kingdom of Sweden
Konungariket Sverige[a]
Motto: (royal) "För Sverige – i tiden"[a]
"For Sweden – With the Times"[1]
Anthem: Du gamla, Du fria[b]
Thou ancient, thou free
Royal anthemKungssången
Song of the King
Location of  Sweden  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Sweden  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Stockholm
59°21′N18°4′E / 59.350°N 18.067°E / 59.350; 18.067
Official languagesSwedish[c]
Ethnic groupsno official statistics[d]
ReligionChurch of Sweden
Demonym
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentary
constitutional monarchy
• King
Carl XVI Gustaf
• Speaker
Urban Ahlin
Stefan Löfven
Svante Lindqvist
LegislatureRiksdag
History
• A unified Swedish kingdom established
By the early 12th century
• Part of Kalmar Union
1397–1523
4 November 1814 – August 1905[2]
1 January 1995
Area
• Total
450,295 km2 (173,860 sq mi) (55th)
• Water (%)
8.7
Population
• 31 May 2017 census
10,042,928[3] (90th)
• Density
22.0/km2 (57.0/sq mi) (196th)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$498.130 billion[4] (34th)
• Per capita
$49,678[4] (17th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$517.440 billion[4] (21st)
• Per capita
$51,603[4] (11th)
Gini (2015)Negative increase 25.4[5]
low
HDI (2015)Increase 0.913[6]
very high · 14th
CurrencySwedish krona (SEK)
Time zoneCET(UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)
Date formatyyyy-mm-dd
Drives on theright[e]
Calling code+46
ISO 3166 codeSE
Internet TLD.se[f]
  1. ^ "För Sverige – I tiden" has been adopted by Carl XVI Gustaf as his personal motto.
  2. ^Du gamla, Du fria has never been officially adopted as national anthem, but is so by convention.
  3. ^ Since 1 July 2009.[7][8] Five other languages are officially recognised as minority languages:[9]Finnish, Meänkieli, Romani, Sami, and Yiddish. The Swedish Sign Language also has a special status.
  4. ^ On 31 December 2012, approximately 27% of the population had a full or partial foreign background.[10][11]
  5. ^ Since 3 September 1967.
  6. ^ The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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