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Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
المملكة العربية السعودية (Arabic)
Al-Mamlakah Al-ʾĀrabīyah As-Saʿūdīyah
Motto: لا إله إلا الله، محمد رسول الله
"Lā ʾilāha ʾillāl–lāh, Muhammadun rasūl allāh"
"There is no god but God; Muhammad is the messenger of God."[1][a] (Shahada)
Anthem: السلام الملكي (as an instrumental)
"as-Salām al-Malakiyy"
"The Royal Salute"
Location of Saudi Arabia
Capital
and largest city
Riyadh
24°39′N46°46′E / 24.650°N 46.767°E / 24.650; 46.767
Official languagesArabic[3]
Ethnic groups90% Arab
10% Afro-Arab
ReligionSunni Islam
Demonym
GovernmentUnitaryIslamicabsolute monarchy
• King
Salman
Mohammad
Vacant
LegislatureNone
Council of Ministers
Consultative Assembly
Establishment
23 September 1932
24 October 1945
31 January 1992
Area
• Total
2,149,690[3] km2 (830,000 sq mi) (12th)
• Water (%)
0.7
Population
• 2017 estimate
33,000,000[4] (40th)
• Density
15/km2 (38.8/sq mi) (216th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$1.803 trillion[5] (14th)
• Per capita
$55,229[5] (12th)
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$689.004 billion[5] (20th)
• Per capita
$21,100[5] (36th)
HDI (2014)Increase 0.837[6]
very high · 39th
CurrencySaudi riyal (SR) (SAR)
Time zoneAST(UTC+3)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AH)
Drives on theright
Calling code+966
ISO 3166 codeSA
Internet TLD
  1. ^ Legislation is by king's decree. The Consultative Assembly exists to advise the king.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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