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Saudi Arabia Demographics Profile 2014

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Population27,345,986
note: immigrants make up more than 30% of the total population, according to UN data (2013) (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 27.6% (male 3,869,961/female 3,681,616)
15-24 years: 19.3% (male 2,832,538/female 2,458,339)
25-54 years: 45.4% (male 7,086,004/female 5,323,373)
55-64 years: 4.5% (male 674,571/female 555,136)
65 years and over: 3.2% (male 444,302/female 420,146) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 46.1 %
youth dependency ratio: 41.8 %
elderly dependency ratio: 4.3 %
potential support ratio: 23.5 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 26.4 years
male: 27.3 years
female: 25.3 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.49% (2014 est.)
Birth rate18.78 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate3.32 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate-0.59 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 82.3% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.38% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationRIYADH (capital) 5.451 million; Jeddah 3.578 million; Mecca 1.591 million; Medina 1.142 million; Ad Dammam 941,000 (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.15 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.33 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.2 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.08 male(s)/female
total population: 1.21 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 14.58 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 16.73 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.32 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.82 years
male: 72.79 years
female: 76.94 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate2.17 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate23.8% (2007)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.01% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 97% of population
rural: 97% of population
total: 97% of population
unimproved: urban: 3% of population
rural: 3% of population
total: 3% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2012 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Saudi(s)
adjective: Saudi or Saudi Arabian
Ethnic groupsArab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%
ReligionsMuslim (official; citizens are 85-90% Sunni and 10-15% Shia), other (includes Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, Hindu, Buddhist, and Sikh) (2012 est.)
note: despite having a large expatriate community of various faiths (more than 30% of the population), most forms of public religious expression inconsistent with the government-sanctioned interpretation of Sunni Islam are restricted; non-Muslims are not allowed to have Saudi citizenship and non-Muslim places of worship are not permitted (2013) (2012 est.)
LanguagesArabic (official)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 87.2%
male: 90.8%
female: 82.2% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 16 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2012)
Education expenditures5.1% of GDP (2008)
Maternal mortality rate24 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight5.3% (2005)
Health expenditures3.7% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.94 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density2.2 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate33% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014