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Saudi Arabia Demographics Profile 2013

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Population26,939,583 (July 2013 est.)
note: includes 5,576,076 non-nationals
Age structure0-14 years: 28.2% (male 3,890,771/female 3,703,725)
15-24 years: 19.6% (male 2,823,458/female 2,450,629)
25-54 years: 44.8% (male 6,927,445/female 5,148,565)
55-64 years: 4.3% (male 639,051/female 524,058)
65 years and over: 3.1% (male 429,951/female 401,930) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 46.9 %
youth dependency ratio: 42.6 %
elderly dependency ratio: 4.2 %
potential support ratio: 23.6 (2013)
Median agetotal: 26 years
male: 27 years
female: 24.8 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate1.51% (2013 est.)
Birth rate19.01 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate3.32 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-0.62 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 82.3% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.38% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationRIYADH (capital) 4.725 million; Jeddah 3.234 million; Mecca 1.484 million; Medina 1.104 million; Ad Dammam 902,000 (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.15 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.36 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.22 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.08 male(s)/female
total population: 1.21 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 15.08 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 17.31 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 12.75 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.58 years
male: 72.58 years
female: 76.68 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate2.21 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate23.8% (2007)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.01% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 97% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 100% of population (2010 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Saudi(s)
adjective: Saudi or Saudi Arabian
Ethnic groupsArab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%
ReligionsMuslim (official) 100%
LanguagesArabic (official)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 87.2%
male: 90.8%
female: 82.2% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2011)
Education expenditures5.6% of GDP (2008)
Maternal mortality rate24 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight5.3% (2005)
Health expenditures3.7% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.939 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density2.2 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate33% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013