Flag of Russia

Russia Demographics Profile 2014

Home > Factbook > Countries > Russia

Population142,470,272 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 16.4% (male 11,980,138/female 11,344,818)
15-24 years: 10.7% (male 7,828,947/female 7,482,143)
25-54 years: 45.8% (male 31,928,886/female 33,319,671)
55-64 years: 13.8% (male 8,408,637/female 11,287,153)
65 years and over: 13.3% (male 5,783,983/female 13,105,896) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 41.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 22.8 %
elderly dependency ratio: 18.5 %
potential support ratio: 5.4 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 38.9 years
male: 36 years
female: 41.9 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate-0.03% (2014 est.)
Birth rate11.87 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate13.83 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate1.69 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 73.8% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 0.13% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationMOSCOW (capital) 11.621 million; Saint Petersburg 4.866 million; Novosibirsk 1.478 million; Yekaterinburg 1.355 million; Nizhniy Novgorod 1.245 million; Samara 1.166 million (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.86 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.44 male(s)/female
total population: 0.86 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth24.6 (2009 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 7.08 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 7.93 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.18 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 70.16 years
male: 64.37 years
female: 76.3 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate1.61 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate79.5%
note: percent of women under age 50 (2007)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS980,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 98.7% of population
rural: 92.2% of population
total: 97% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.3% of population
rural: 7.8% of population
total: 3% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 74.4% of population
rural: 59.3% of population
total: 70.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 25.6% of population
rural: 40.7% of population
total: 29.5% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne disease: tickborne encephalitis
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Russian(s)
adjective: Russian
Ethnic groupsRussian 77.7%, Tatar 3.7%, Ukrainian 1.4%, Bashkir 1.1%, Chuvash 1%, Chechen 1%, other 10.2%, unspecified 3.9%
note: more than 190 ethnic groups are represents in Russia's 2010 census (2010 est.)
ReligionsRussian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.)
note: estimates are of practicing worshipers; Russia has large populations of non-practicing believers and non-believers, a legacy of over seven decades of Soviet rule
LanguagesRussian (official) 96.3%, Dolgang 5.3%, German 1.5%, Chechen 1%, Tatar 3%, other 10.3%
note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2010 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.7%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.6% (2010 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2009)
Education expenditures4.1% of GDP (2008)
Maternal mortality rate34 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Health expenditures6.2% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density4.31 physicians/1,000 population (2006)
Hospital bed density9.7 beds/1,000 population (2006)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate26.5% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014