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Russia Demographics Profile 2013

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Population142,500,482 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 16% (male 11,740,877/female 11,119,318)
15-24 years: 11.5% (male 8,401,971/female 8,045,363)
25-54 years: 45.9% (male 31,945,797/female 33,417,073)
55-64 years: 13.5% (male 8,177,300/female 11,009,712)
65 years and over: 13.1% (male 5,687,515/female 12,955,556) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 40.5 %
youth dependency ratio: 22.2 %
elderly dependency ratio: 18.3 %
potential support ratio: 5.5 (2013)
Median agetotal: 38.8 years
male: 35.8 years
female: 41.8 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate-0.02% (2013 est.)
Birth rate12.11 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate13.97 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate1.69 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 73.8% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 0.13% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationMOSCOW (capital) 10.523 million; Saint Petersburg 4.575 million; Novosibirsk 1.397 million; Yekaterinburg 1.344 million; Nizhniy Novgorod 1.267 million (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.74 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.44 male(s)/female
total population: 0.86 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 7.19 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 8.04 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.29 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 69.85 years
male: 64.04 years
female: 76.02 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate1.61 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate79.5%
note: percent of women under age 50 (2007)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS980,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99% of population
rural: 92% of population
total: 97% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1% of population
rural: 8% of population
total: 3% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 74% of population
rural: 59% of population
total: 70% of population
unimproved:
urban: 26% of population
rural: 41% of population
total: 30% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne disease: tickborne encephalitis
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Russian(s)
adjective: Russian
Ethnic groupsRussian 79.8%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 2%, Bashkir 1.2%, Chuvash 1.1%, other or unspecified 12.1% (2002 census)
ReligionsRussian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.)
note: estimates are of practicing worshipers; Russia has large populations of non-practicing believers and non-believers, a legacy of over seven decades of Soviet rule
LanguagesRussian (official), many minority languages
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.7%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.6% (2010 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2009)
Education expenditures4.1% of GDP (2008)
Maternal mortality rate34 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Health expenditures6.2% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density4.309 physicians/1,000 population (2006)
Hospital bed density9.7 beds/1,000 population (2006)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate26.5% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013