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Russia Demographics Profile 2016

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Population142,355,415 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 16.94% (male 12,385,281/female 11,726,473)
15-24 years: 9.71% (male 7,071,489/female 6,754,928)
25-54 years: 45.16% (male 31,528,258/female 32,753,350)
55-64 years: 14.27% (male 8,727,233/female 11,591,221)
65 years and over: 13.92% (male 6,152,252/female 13,664,930) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 43.1%
youth dependency ratio: 24%
elderly dependency ratio: 19.1%
potential support ratio: 5.2% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 39.3 years
male: 36.4 years
female: 42.3 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate-0.06% (2016 est.)
Birth rate11.3 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate13.6 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate1.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 74% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: -0.13% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationMOSCOW (capital) 12.166 million; Saint Petersburg 4.993 million; Novosibirsk 1.497 million; Yekaterinburg 1.379 million; Nizhniy Novgorod 1.212 million; Samara 1.164 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.75 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.45 male(s)/female
total population: 0.45 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth24.6 (2009 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 6.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 7.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 70.8 years
male: 65 years
female: 76.8 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.61 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate68%
note: percent of women aged 15-44 (2011)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 98.9% of population
rural: 91.2% of population
total: 96.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.1% of population
rural: 8.8% of population
total: 3.1% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 77% of population
rural: 58.7% of population
total: 72.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 23% of population
rural: 41.3% of population
total: 27.8% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne disease: tickborne encephalitis (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Russian(s)
adjective: Russian
Ethnic groupsRussian 77.7%, Tatar 3.7%, Ukrainian 1.4%, Bashkir 1.1%, Chuvash 1%, Chechen 1%, other 10.2%, unspecified 3.9%
note: nearly 200 national and/or ethnic groups are represented in Russia's 2010 census (2010 est.)
ReligionsRussian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.)
note: estimates are of practicing worshipers; Russia has large populations of non-practicing believers and non-believers, a legacy of over seven decades of Soviet rule; Russia officially recognizes Orthodox Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Buddhism as traditional religions
LanguagesRussian (official) 85.7%, Tatar 3.2%, Chechen 1%, other 10.1%
note: data represent native language spoken (2010 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.7%
male: 99.7%
female: 99.6% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2014)
Education expenditures4.2% of GDP (2012)
Maternal mortality rate25 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures7.1% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density4.31 physicians/1,000 population (2006)
Hospital bed density9.7 beds/1,000 population (2006)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate26.2% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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